Tag: Genome

Genome sequencing confirms that the Yangtze River Basin is the center of primitive domestication of Chinese plums
By: Date: 2021-09-14 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

Chinese plum is one of the most widely cultivated plum species in the world. It has strong adaptability and high economic and ecological value. Recently, the plum and apricot germplasm improvement team of Zhengzhou Institute of Fruit Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and the peach germplasm resources team have jointly deciphered the high-quality Chinese plum genome, laying a genetic foundation for the improvement of important economic traits. The related results were published on September 2 in” The Plant Journal.

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The Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and others have made progress in the analysis of the Aristolochia genome and the evolution of angiosperms
By: Date: 2021-09-07 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

Angiosperms are divided into four core branches, namely the ANA angiosperm basal group, magnolias, monocots and true dicots. Aristolochia (Aristolochia) is a magnolia plant. The plants of this genus have a strong deceptive”trap-capture-release” pollination system. The unique flower morphology is an important”bait” for attracting pollinators, and it has a strong Controversial medicinal value. Therefore, Aristolochia plants have attracted attention. In view of the evolutionary position of Aristolochia plants, it is very important to analyze the genome of Aristolochia plants.

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Huazhong Agricultural University releases RiceENCODE rice epigenomics database
By: Date: 2021-09-07 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

On August 27th, Molecular Plant published online a research paper entitled RiceENCODE:a comprehensive epigenomic database as rice Encyclopedia of DNA Elements jointly published by the team of Professor Li Guoliang and Professor Li Xingwang of Huazhong Agricultural University, reporting an integrated rice multivariate epigenomic data Database.

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Crop pest functional genomics research innovation team establishes a new rice genome editing toolbox-CRISPR/Sc++ system
By: Date: 2021-09-01 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

Recently, the Crop Pest Functional Genomics Research Innovation Team of the Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences published an online publication titled”CRISPR/Sc++ system-mediated genome modification in rice” in the internationally renowned academic journal”Journal of Integrative Plant Biology” Research papers. This paper reports the application of the new CRISPR/Sc++ system in rice genome editing. The Sc++ mutant can break through the site dependence of wild-type ScCas9, efficiently recognize NNG PAN to complete target gene editing, and broaden the application of rice genome editing. Scope

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The Pearl River Institute of the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences successfully assembled high-quality parental genomes from the genomes of the first hybrids of catfish and catfish
By: Date: 2021-08-26 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

Recently, the Pearl River Fisheries Resources Investigation and Evaluation Innovation Team of the Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute has made new progress in the research of hybrid generation genomes. The related research paper”Sequencing an F1 hybrid of Silurus asotus and S. meridionalis enabled the assembly of high-quality parental genomes” was published in Scientific Reports (IF2020=4.379).

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The”Excellent Potato Project” made a breakthrough from 0 to 1 — Breeding the first generation of hybrid potatoes through genome design
By: Date: 2021-06-26 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

“Cell (Cell)” published online the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Shenzhen Institute of Agricultural Genomics (Lingnan Modern Agricultural Science and Technology Guangdong Laboratory Shenzhen Branch) Huang Sanwen’s team entitled”Genome design of hybrid potato (genome design of hybrid potato)”Research results. This research is a milestone breakthrough since the implementation of the”Excellent Potato Program”.

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The rice research team of Huazhong Agricultural University leads the release and analysis of the ungapped reference genome of rice
By: Date: 2021-06-26 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

On June 22, the rice research team of the State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement of Huazhong Agricultural University, together with Guangxi University, Kansas State University and other universities, completed the gap-free reference genome of indica rice Zhenshan 97 and Minghui 63 , Systematically analyzed the structure of the centromere and the structural variation regions at the end of chromosome 11 related to rice resistance.

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The Biological Center of Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences and the Forestry and Fruit Institute have made new progress in the research of peach flavor improvement
By: Date: 2021-06-20 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

The study published a high-quality reference genome of Chinese peaches, and explained the genetic contribution of excellent germplasm resources represented by peaches to the genetic contribution of modern peach varieties in the world. It also revealed that in the process of peach flavor improvement, the East and the West have adopted the same sweetness selection and selection. The selection mode of acidity differentiation analyzes the functions of PpALMT1 and PpERDL16 in the accumulation of organic acids and soluble sugars, respectively. This research provides a high-quality reference genome and abundant genetic resources, laying a foundation for further in-depth analysis of the genetic mechanism of peach fruit flavor formation and promotion of important quality traits and genetic improvement.

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The project”Research on the Genome and Quality Traits Mechanism of Yunnan Special Medicine and Food Homologous Plants” passed the evaluation of scientific and technological achievements
By: Date: 2021-06-16 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

On May 15, 2021, the Science and Technology Achievement Evaluation Center of China Science and Technology Co-creation (Beijing) conducted an evaluation of the scientific and technological achievements of the”Yunnan characteristic medicinal and food homologous plant genome and quality trait mechanism research” project led by our school. The expert committee consists of Sun Handong, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, researcher of the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, researcher Sun Hang, director of the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, researcher Liu Guodao, deputy dean of the Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, and Institute of Medicinal Plants, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences Researcher Li Rongfu, Professor Fu Xueqi of Jilin University, Professor-level Senior Engineer Zhang Shikang, Executive Dean of China National Supply and Marketing Cooperatives Hangzhou Tea Research Institute, Zhejiang Tea Industry College, and Li Qingjun, researcher of Yunnan University.

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A breakthrough in maize inbred line A188 genome research
By: Date: 2021-06-16 Categories: foodtechnology Tags: ,

Recently, the Crop Genome Selection and Breeding Innovation Team of the Institute of Crop Science of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences cooperated with Kansas State University in the United States to assemble the genome of the important maize inbred line A188. Based on high-quality genome assembly, this study deeply analyzed the gene expression and DNA methylation characteristics of maize callus, and used comparative genomics methods to reveal the important impact of genome structural variation on maize traits. On June 9, related research results were published online in Genome Biology.

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