Food partner online news On July 27, Yunnan provincial market supervision and Administration Bureau released the 29th issue of food safety supervision and sampling information in 2022, and 9 batches of unqualified food were detected. Unqualified food involves quality indicators, pesticide residues, food additives and other issues.
Quality index problems detected in 2 batches of food
Quality index problems detected in 2 batches of food，分别为景谷万家兴超市销售的、标称昆明维情园食品有限公司生产的味精，经云南商测质量检验技术服务有限公司检验发现，其中谷氨酸钠含量不符合食品安全国家标准规定（昆明维情园食品有限公司对样品真实性提出异议，经普洱市市场监管局、昆明市市场监管局调查核实，对该样品真实性异议予以认可。）；福贡石玉购物中心销售的、标称保山禧源春酒业有限公司生产的自烤酒（液态法白酒），经云南云测质量检验有限公司检验，其中酒精度检测值不符合产品标签标示要求（保山禧源春酒业有限公司对样品真实性提出异议，经保山市市场监管局调查核实，对该样品真实性异议予以认可。）。
Sodium glutamate (c5h8no4na) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid and the main component of monosodium glutamate. It is one of the most abundant non essential amino acids in nature. It is also a food additive. Its main function is to increase the freshness of food. The national food safety standard for monosodium glutamate (GB 2720-2015) stipulates that sodium glutamate in monosodium glutamate should meet ≥ 99.0%. The reason for the unqualified sodium glutamate in monosodium glutamate may be that the producer added insufficient sodium glutamate to control costs. The substandard sodium glutamate mainly affects the quality of monosodium glutamate, indicating that the product has insufficient flavor and poor quality, but it will not cause harm to human health.
Alcohol content, also known as alcohol content, refers to the number of milliliters of alcohol (alcohol) in 100 ml of wine at 20 ℃, that is, the percentage of volume (capacity). Alcohol content is an important physical and chemical index of alcohol products. Substandard content mainly affects the quality of products. According to the provisions of liquid Baijiu (gb/t 20821-2007), the allowable difference between the measured value of alcohol and the value marked on the label is ± 1.0%Vol. On the one hand, the unqualified alcohol content is due to the fact that the enterprise did not carry out the ex factory inspection according to the regulations, resulting in the inconsistency between the alcohol accuracy and the indicated value on the label; On the other hand, in order to reduce costs, some Baijiu enterprises use less fermented raw liquor and substitute inferior alcohol, resulting in the alcohol level and other indicators not reaching the standard.
Pesticide residues detected in 5 batches of food exceeded the standard
Pesticide residues detected in 5 batches of food exceeded the standard，分别为通甸农贸市场（和翠美）销售的豆芽，6-苄基腺嘌呤（6-BA）检测值不符合食品安全国家标准规定；福贡叶绿绿果蔬店销售的橙子，水胺硫磷残留量不符合食品安全国家标准规定；玉龙县巨甸秀群商店销售的青椒，噻虫胺残留量不符合食品安全国家标准规定；西畴县兴街好再来蔬菜摊销售的小白菜，毒死蜱残留量不符合食品安全国家标准规定；德钦县拖顶乡宾宏经营部销售的香蕉，噻虫嗪残留量不符合食品安全国家标准规定。
6-benzyladenine (6-BA) is a synthetic cytokinin, which can inhibit the decomposition of chlorophyll, nucleic acid and protein in plant leaves, protect green and prevent aging. Excessive intake of 6-BA will stimulate mucosa, cause damage to esophageal and gastric mucosa, and cause nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. The announcement on the prohibition of the use of 6-benzyladenine and other substances in the production of bean sprouts (2015 No. 11) issued by the State Food and drug administration, the Ministry of agriculture and the national health and Family Planning Commission clearly stipulates that in order to ensure the edible safety of bean sprouts, producers shall not use 6-BA in the production of bean sprouts, and bean sprout operators shall not operate bean sprouts containing 6-BA. The reason for the detection of 6-BA in bean sprouts may be that producers use it illegally in order to inhibit the lateral fibrous roots of bean sprouts, improve the yield of bean sprouts and shorten the production cycle.
Isocarbophos is a cholinesterase inhibitor with contact and stomach toxicity. It is a broad-spectrum organophosphorus insecticide and acaricide with egg killing effect. Eating a small amount of food containing Isocarbophos generally will not lead to acute poisoning, but long-term consumption of food exceeding Isocarbophos will have a certain impact on human health. According to the national food safety standard maximum residue limits of pesticides in food (GB 2763-2021), the maximum residue limit of Isocarbophos in citrus fruits is 0.02mg/kg. The reason for exceeding the standard of parathion in oranges may be that growers use too much pesticides to strengthen the effect of disease prevention, or that growers do not harvest crops in advance in strict accordance with the pesticide safety interval.
Thiamethoxam nicotine insecticides are classified as slightly toxic in acute toxicity. Acute poisoning may cause nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, restlessness, convulsions, etc. Eating a small amount of food with thiamethoxam exceeding the standard generally will not lead to acute poisoning, but long-term consumption will also have a certain impact on human health. According to the national food safety standard maximum residue limits of pesticides in food (GB 2763-2021), the maximum residue limit of thiamethoxam in Solanaceous Vegetables is 0.05mg/kg. The reason why thiamethoxam residues exceed the standard may be that agricultural growers use too much pesticides to strengthen the effect of disease prevention, or that growers do not harvest crops in advance in strict accordance with the pesticide safety interval.
Chlorpyrifos, also known as chlorpyrifos, is one of the most widely used organophosphate pesticides in the world. Eating food with excessive chlorpyrifos may cause dizziness, headache, weakness, vomiting and other symptoms, and may even cause epileptic convulsions. According to the national food safety standard maximum residue limits of pesticides in food (GB 2763-2021), the maximum residue limit of Chlorpyrifos in leafy vegetables (except celery) is 0.02mg/kg. The reason why chlorpyrifos poisoning in Chinese cabbage exceeded the standard may be that agricultural product growers used too much pesticides to strengthen the effect of disease prevention, or that growers did not harvest crops in advance in strict accordance with the pesticide safety interval.
Thiamethoxam is a nicotinic insecticide, which has stomach toxicity, contact killing and inhaling effects, and has a good control effect on aphids. A small amount of residues will not cause acute poisoning, but long-term consumption of thiamethoxam exceeding the standard of food may have a certain impact on human health. According to the national food safety standard maximum residue limits of pesticides in food (GB 2763-2021), the maximum residue limit of thiamethoxam in bananas is 0.02mg/kg. The reason for the excessive residue of thiamethoxam in bananas may be that in order to quickly control pests, increase the dosage or fail to comply with the provisions of the picking interval, resulting in the excessive residue in the products on the market.
In addition, food additives were detected in two batches of food. The test values of sorghum wine and Baogu wine sold by Xiuqiong grocery store in Tiger Leaping Gorge Town, Shangri La, and cyclamate (calculated by cyclohexyl amino sulfonic acid) did not meet the provisions of the national food safety standards.
Sodium cyclamate, the chemical name of which is sodium cyclamate, is one of the sweeteners commonly used in food production. Its sweetness is 40-50 times that of sucrose. Long term intake of foods with excessive sodium cyclamate may cause certain harm to human liver and nervous system. According to the national food safety standard for the use of food additives (GB 2760-2014), cyclamate should not be used in Baijiu. The reason for the detection of sodium cyclamate in Baijiu may be the improper use of raw and auxiliary materials by the production unit or the lax control of the production process. The raw and auxiliary materials contain sweeteners and are brought into the liquor; It may also be that in order to reduce production costs and improve the taste of products, the production unit uses cyclamate to regulate the taste beyond the range of products.
For the unqualified products found in the sampling inspection, the local market supervision department of the enterprise has carried out verification and disposal according to law, urged the enterprise to fulfill its legal obligations, and took measures such as taking the unqualified products off the shelf and recalling them in time to control the risks; Find out the batch, quantity and reasons of unqualified products in production and operation, and deal with illegal acts according to law; After the completion of the inspection and disposal work, it shall be made public to the public in a timely manner.
Nonconforming product information
(source:Yunnan Provincial Bureau of market supervision and Administration)
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