Recently, it was reported in Vietnam that due to the delay in the negotiation of the protocol on phytosanitary requirements between Vietnam and China, the quarantine proportion of Vietnamese fruits is quite different from that of other countries. For example, the quarantine proportion of fresh fruits exported from Vietnam to China is 100%, while that of Thailand is only about 30%.
Hoang Trung, director of the Plant Protection Bureau of the Ministry of agriculture and rural development of Vietnam, responded that this was a rumor without legal basis, and the Chinese authorities had not informed Vietnam about it. Huang Zhong said that all goods requiring quarantine, regardless of size, must undergo quarantine procedures when exported to countries including China, and the sampling rate of goods will not be exempted or reduced. The sampling proportion may be specified in the protocol on phytosanitary requirements.
The quarantine proportion should be based on different types of fruits and the risk of carrying pests. Take mangosteen as an example. After China and Vietnam signed the protocol on phytosanitary requirements, the Vietnamese animal and plant quarantine department should check whether the enterprise complies with the requirements. If the enterprise implements it in place, the inspection frequency may be reduced to 30%. If the product does not meet the requirements, the inspection proportion will remain at 80%or even 100%.
At present, the fruit access list released by the General Administration of Customs shows that Vietnam can export 10 kinds of fruits to the Chinese market, including mango, longan, banana, litchi, watermelon, rambutan, jackfruit, pitaya, mangosteen and passion fruit, of which passion fruit is in the trial operation stage. Among all the fruits exported to China, only mangosteen and passion fruit have signed the protocol on phytosanitary requirements, and durian has also completed the signing of the protocol, but it has not been officially admitted.
As early as may this year, the Chinese and Vietnamese customs authorities have discussed the signing of the protocol on plant quarantine requirements for eight kinds of traditional fruits exported to China. At present, the Vietnam plant protection bureau said that it was in urgent consultation with the General Administration of Customs of China to negotiate the contents of the protocol on eight kinds of traditional fruits exported to China. So that the animal and plant quarantine department of Vietnam can take measures to manage the production, packaging, processing and export work, and regulate the export of fruits from the source. At the same time, Vietnam will also put forward suggestions to China to reduce the frequency of inspection.