USDA expects EU wheat production to decrease by 3%year-on-year in 2022/23
By: Date: 2022-07-14 Categories: Internationalfood Tags: ,
Washington, July 13:according to the July global agricultural production report released by the U.S. Department of agriculture, the EU’s wheat production in 2022/23 is expected to be 134.1 million tons, down 2 million tons or 1%from the previous month’s estimate, a decrease of 4.3 million tons or 3%from the previous year, but 1%higher than the five-year average of 132.7 million tons. The wheat harvest area is expected to be 24.1 million hectares, which is consistent with the prediction last month. It is 100000 hectares less than last year, but 200000 hectares higher than the five-year average. The unit yield is expected to be 5.56 tons/ha, a decrease of 3%over last year, slightly higher than the five-year average of 5.54 tons/ha.
At present, most parts of Europe have begun to harvest wheat, but the continuous drought has led to a reduction in the output of many countries. Among them, the expected value of Spanish wheat output has been reduced by 900000 tons, France by 600000 tons, Italy by 600000 tons, Germany by 400000 tons, and Hungary by 300000 tons.
In northern Europe, good rainfall boosted the production of the Baltic Sea and the Nordic countries Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden and Denmark, with an increase of 200000 tons each over the estimated value last month.
The increase of rainfall in France in June alleviated the impact of long-term drought, but the rainfall came too late to boost wheat yield. Previously, the heat wave weather in France and Spain brought a high temperature of 40 degrees Celsius, which put pressure on the growth of wheat crops and exacerbated the long-term drought in the two countries.
The drought in Germany intensified during June, when the maturity of wheat was low, resulting in a decline in unit yield.
Italy has also been affected by drought this year, especially in the north, where rainfall has so far been less than half of normal.
The situation in Hungary is also deteriorating, especially in the eastern region, where there is little rainfall and the high temperature exacerbates the drought.