The State Council Information Office held a press conference on the operation of agricultural and rural economy in the first half of the year (written record)
By: Date: 2022-07-20 Categories: chinesefood Tags: ,

 Xinghuina, deputy director of the information bureau of the State Council Information Office and spokesperson:
Good morning, media friends! Welcome to the press conference of the Information Office of the State Council. Today’s press conference mainly introduces the operation of agricultural and rural economy in the first half of 2022 and answers your concerns. Present at today’s press conference are Mr. Zeng Yande, chief agronomist and director of the development planning department of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas; Ms. Liu Han, head of the Department of market and information technology of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas; Ms. liulihua, head of the planting management department; Mr. Chen Guanghua, head of animal husbandry and Veterinary Bureau.
Next, let’s welcome Mr. Zeng Yande to make a brief introduction.
  2022-07-20 10:00:15
  Zeng Yande, chief agronomist and director of the development planning department of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas:
Ladies and gentlemen, media friends, good morning! In three days, there will be great heat. According to the agricultural proverb, great heat enters and farming is busy. At present, all localities are promoting summer planting and summer management in an orderly manner to strive for a bumper harvest of grain and agriculture throughout the year. Thirdly, I will briefly introduce the operation of agricultural and rural economy in the first half of the year.
It is mainly manifested in the following seven aspects:
First, summer grain and wheat have increased production, and there is a foundation for a bumper grain harvest throughout the year. Adhere to the bottom line task of ensuring that the annual grain output remains above 1.3 trillion Jin, and promote the implementation of various measures with extraordinary and strong efforts to promote the stable development of grain production. Summer grain output hit a record high. Summer grain production has withstood the rare autumn flood last year, the spread of the COVID-19, the rise in the price of agricultural materials and other tests, and won another bumper harvest on last year’s high base. Summer grain output was 294.8 billion jin, an increase of 2.87 billion jin, of which wheat output was 271.5 billion jin, an increase of 2.57 billion jin, and high-quality special varieties accounted for 38.5%, an increase of 1.2 percentage points. In the first half of the year, the increasing production and bumper harvest of summer grain and wheat became the highlight of the development of agriculture, rural areas and even the economy and society. Early rice and autumn crops have a good harvest foundation. The area of early rice is expected to increase steadily, with a harvest of more than 60%and a bumper harvest in sight. The area of autumn grain is more than 1.3 billion mu, and its growth is generally normal. The effect of soybean oil seed expansion is obvious. The summer harvest of rapeseed achieved”three increases”, with an area of more than 100million mu, a record high per unit yield, and the output increased the most in the past six years. More than 15 million mu of soybean and corn strip compound planting will be implemented, and the area of soybean is expected to increase significantly. This will be another highlight of agricultural production this year.
Second, the supply of”vegetable basket” products is sufficient, and the market operation is generally stable. Pig production capacity returns to a reasonable range. By the end of June, 42.77 million sows could be bred nationwide, equivalent to 104.3%of the 41million normal stock. Meat and aquatic products increased in an all-round way. In the first half of the year, the output of pigs, cattle, sheep and poultry increased by 5.3%year-on-year, of which the output of pork increased by 8.2%. The output of milk increased by 8.4%, and the output of domestic aquatic products increased slightly. The supply of vegetables and fruits in the market is sufficient, and the prices fall seasonally. The quality and safety level is stable and good. The qualified rate of routine quality and safety monitoring of agricultural products has stabilized at more than 97.5%, and the number of green, organic and geographical indication agricultural products has reached 62000.
Third, the ability of industry to drive employment and increase income has been enhanced, and the achievements in poverty eradication have been continuously consolidated. We should focus on promoting the upgrading of industries in poverty relief areas, strengthen guidance services, strengthen policy support, and lay a solid foundation for preventing large-scale poverty return. The characteristic industries in poverty relief areas have developed steadily. Each of the 832 poverty relief counties has preliminarily cultivated 2-3 leading industries with outstanding advantages and strong driving ability. The central government has promoted the connection and promotion of rural revitalization, and the proportion of subsidy funds used for industrial development has increased to more than 50%. We increased the provision of microcredit. In the first half of the year, a total of 41.55 billion yuan of microcredit was granted to people who had been lifted out of poverty, and 945000 households were lifted out of poverty and prevented from returning to poverty. Employment assistance was overfulfilled. While guiding the people out of poverty to go out to work, we should guide more people out of poverty to obtain employment in various project construction. By the end of June, 32.23 million people had worked in poverty relief, achieving 106.7%of the annual target. In addition, cooperation between the East and the West and social assistance have been carried out in depth.
Fourth, the agricultural machinery foundation of seed cultivated land has been further consolidated, and the comprehensive agricultural production capacity has been continuously improved. The revitalization of the seed industry was solidly promoted. The progress of resource census is more than half. 110000 crop germplasm resources, 60000 livestock and poultry genetic materials and 50000 aquatic genetic materials have been collected. We will tackle key core agricultural technologies and approve a number of green, special and salt tolerant wheat varieties for the first time. The construction of high standard farmland was accelerated. In the first half of the year, 73.77 million mu of high-standard farmland was completed and under construction, accounting for 74%of the annual task volume of 100million mu. The conditions of agricultural machinery and equipment continued to improve. We will accelerate the improvement of agricultural machinery and equipment, and start the pilot project of the integration of research, development, manufacturing, promotion and application of agricultural machinery. We will promote the reduction of machine harvest losses and control the loss rate of wheat machine harvest within 2%.
Fifth, the rural industries that enrich the people have developed steadily, and the channels for rural employment and income growth have been continuously expanded. The agricultural products processing industry recovered. In the first half of the year, the added value of the national agricultural and sideline food processing industry increased by 3.3%year-on-year. In June, the purchasing manager index (PMI) of national key leading enterprises in agricultural industrialization was 52%, 1.8 percentage points higher than that of the manufacturing industry. E-commerce for agricultural products developed rapidly, with online retail sales of agricultural products of 290billion yuan, an increase of 12.4%year-on-year. Rural leisure tourism has gradually recovered. The momentum of rural employment and entrepreneurship is good. Build 50 national modern agricultural industrial parks, 40 advantageous and characteristic industrial clusters, and 200 strong agricultural towns to promote farmers’ local and nearby employment. By the end of June, the employment rate of migrant workers returning home was 90.7%, an increase of 2 percentage points year-on-year. Driven by industry, employment and entrepreneurship, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in the first half of the year was 9787 yuan, an actual increase of 4.2%.
Sixth, rural construction has been steadily promoted, and rural reform has continued to deepen. The office of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the implementation plan of rural construction action, established a special promotion mechanism, and promoted the orderly promotion of rural construction in all regions. The rural living environment continued to improve. We will comprehensively promote the improvement of latrines in rural areas, the treatment of domestic sewage and garbage, and promote the creation of beautiful and livable villages. This year, 20 cities and counties that have achieved remarkable results will be supervised and encouraged. The construction of cold storage and fresh-keeping facilities in the production area was accelerated. The central government allocated 5billion yuan to build a number of cold storage and fresh-keeping facilities in major circulation nodes, major agricultural production areas and advantageous areas of characteristic agricultural products. Reform in key rural areas was further advanced. After the expiration of the second round of land contracting, the pilot project of extending it for another 30 years was carried out in an orderly manner, the pilot project of homestead reform was steadily pushed forward, the reform of the collective property right system continued to deepen, and new agricultural business entities developed and expanded. At present, there are more than 6.1 million farmers’ cooperatives and family farms in China, and more than 955000 agricultural socialized service organizations.
Seventh, agricultural and rural investment has increased steadily, and the rural consumer market has gradually recovered. Expand investment channels in agriculture and rural areas. We will carefully implement a package of policies and measures to stabilize the economy, and make every effort to promote the implementation of major policies and the commencement of major engineering projects. In the first half of the year, the fixed asset investment in the primary industry was 682.7 billion yuan, an increase of 4%year-on-year. Rural consumption continued to recover. The retail sales of rural consumer goods reached 2.77 trillion yuan, basically unchanged from last year, and recovered to 98%in 2019. The import and export of agricultural products maintained a growth momentum. The total import and export volume reached 161.68 billion US dollars, an increase of 10.4%year-on-year.
In general, the agricultural and rural economy maintained a good momentum of development in the first half of the year, providing solid support for stabilizing prices, ensuring people’s livelihood and stabilizing the overall economic market. However, it should be noted that the agricultural and rural economic development is also facing many challenges, such as the increased threat of disasters, the increased pressure on Farmers’ employment and income, and the slowdown in the growth rate of agricultural and rural investment, which need to be paid great attention to and taken effective measures to solve. Next, the Ministry of agriculture and rural affairs will, in accordance with the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and in accordance with the requirements of”epidemic prevention, economic stability, and safe development”, go all out to achieve a good harvest of grain, do everything possible to promote the increase of farmers’ income, continue to promote rural revitalization, and take practical actions to meet the victory of the 20th CPC National Congress.
Thank you!
  2022-07-20 10:10:20
Thank you. Now you are welcome to ask questions. Please inform your news organization before asking questions.
  2022-07-20 10:14:16
 Xinhua News Agency reporter:
In May this year, the State Council issued a package of policies to stabilize the economy, and local departments have also intensively introduced implementation measures. How is the implementation of the agricultural and rural areas? What are your next steps? thank you.
  2022-07-20 10:26:18
 Zeng Yande:
Thank you for your question. A solid package of economic policies is a major measure to effectively coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and maintain economic operation within a reasonable range. The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas has resolutely implemented the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and has refined and promoted various measures related to the agricultural and rural sectors one by one. At present, they have been fully implemented, providing a solid support for ensuring supply, stabilizing prices, preventing inflation, and stabilizing the overall economic situation.
In the next step, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas should thoroughly implement the deployment of the central government. In accordance with the requirements that the epidemic should be prevented, the economy should be stabilized, and development should be safe, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas should strengthen its efforts, keep a close eye on it, and vigorously promote it, so as to ensure that all measures are effective. In terms of work, there are mainly three aspects:
First, make every effort to stabilize production and ensure supply. This is the basis for stabilizing the economic market, preventing inflation and ensuring people’s livelihood, and it is also the primary task of our agricultural and rural work. In this regard, we should focus on two things:one is to achieve a bumper harvest of grain throughout the year. Now, the summer grain harvest has been achieved, and the early rice is being harvested in a large area. It is necessary to carefully organize the machine harvest to ensure that the early rice grains are stored in the warehouse. However, the bulk of grain production throughout the year is autumn grain, accounting for 3/4. If autumn grain is stabilized, grain production throughout the year will be stabilized. We are guiding all localities to do a good job in the field management of autumn grain, especially in agricultural disaster prevention and mitigation, and strive to achieve a good harvest of autumn grain to ensure that the annual grain output remains above 1.3 trillion Jin. Another is to ensure the supply of”vegetable basket” products. The focus is to strengthen the production of facility vegetables, implement the responsibility of regulating the production capacity of pigs at different levels, make an overall plan for the production of cattle, sheep, poultry, aquatic products, etc., strengthen the connection between production and marketing and emergency supply guarantee, compact the mayor responsibility system of local”vegetable basket”, stabilize the market supply and stabilize the market price.
Second, we should make every effort to promote the employment and income of farmers, which is another key task of our agricultural and rural work this year. Mainly through the development of industries to promote the employment and income of farmers, the focus is to guide all regions to base on the county and characteristic advantageous resources, rely on modern agricultural industrial parks, advantageous and characteristic industrial clusters, strong towns of agricultural industry and other platforms, including the high-standard agricultural field construction projects we are vigorously promoting, accelerate the integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and form a pattern of one industry group, one county, one park, one town, one special, and one village, one product, So that farmers can be employed locally and nearby. At the same time, we should improve the mechanism of linking agriculture with agriculture, let farmers share more value-added benefits of the industrial chain, and ensure that industrial development is focused on Promoting Farmers’ employment, increasing income and becoming rich.
Third, we should make every effort to expand investment in agriculture and rural areas. In this regard, the focus is on two aspects:on the one hand, we should tie up实有序推进乡村建设。目前,乡村建设行动实施方案已经印发,“1本规划+8项硬件改造+3项软件提升”的建设任务已明确。下一步关键是怎么建。要健全责任落实机制,细化部门专项推进方案,明确具体任务和进度安排。要健全项目管理机制,优先实施群众需求强烈、短板突出、兼顾改善生产生活条件的项目。要健全主体参与机制,指导地方编制农民参与乡村建设指南,引导农民干好自己的事情。健全运行管护机制,把设施谁来管、哪个环节谁负责分清楚。另一个方面,加快实施农业农村建设项目。目前,农业农村领域中央预算内投资已经全部下达,规模比上年小幅增长。下一步要推动优化审批服务,强化跟踪调度,加快高标准农田、仓储保鲜冷链物流设施、农村人居环境整治等重大项目建设,尽快形成实物量。同时要抓住扩大投资的有利时机,抓紧启动“十四五”规划安排的重大工程行动计划,积极推动智慧农业、农业科技创新、产业融合等新型基础设施建设,加快补齐农业农村现代化短板。谢谢。
  2022-07-20 10:26:35
  2022-07-20 10:37:16
  一是抓好面积的落实。关键是要确保晚稻和晚秋作物应种尽种,种在适播期,特别是指导“两季不足 一季有余”的地区努力发展再生稻,能增一亩是一亩,能增一季是一季。
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 Zeng Yande:
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 Zeng Yande:
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 Zeng Yande:
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