The European Union adopted a proposal to halve the use of pesticides by 2030, which was opposed by many member states
By: Date: 2022-07-13 Categories: Internationalfood Tags: ,
   世界农化网中文网报道: 欧盟在6月宣布了具有法律约束力目标,即到2030年将化学农药使用量减少50%。此项目标在2020年就已提出,但之后在制定实现该目标的具体路径方面并未取得太大进展。

 
The pesticide sustainable use regulation, which will be issued in three months, will be the first binding law in the EU, requiring farmers to reduce the use of agricultural chemicals. However, Europe is currently facing a reality that the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine has seriously disrupted the food and agricultural supply chain in the EU region, especially in central and Eastern European countries bordering the former Soviet Union.
 
Ten countries, including Austria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia, have jointly made a list of derogations and exceptions, suggesting that if any of the ten countries fails to meet the pesticide reduction target required by the laws that will be issued, it will not break the law.
 
The ten countries said in the joint statement:”food security and the competitiveness of EU agricultural production have been facing many challenges, which have been further aggravated by the Russian Ukrainian war.” The ten countries said that in this case, the introduction of”stable” and”commensurate measures” is crucial to the protection of European farmers and consumers.
 
They added that if”Member States foresee that the 2030 reduction target cannot be achieved due to unpredictable reasons (such as new pests, the emergence of invasive species or changes in agricultural structure), they should allow EU Member States to change their action steps”.
 
At the same time, while supporting the increase in the use of biological fertilizers to replace chemical fertilizers, George eustice, the UK Secretary of agriculture, called for a slowdown in the pace of using food crops to produce bioethanol in the UK in view of the continued rise in food and feed prices.
 
Since the conflict between Russia and Ukraine in March 2022, due to the continuous rise in raw material prices, fertilizer plants in Romania, Ukraine and other Eastern European countries have been idle. Sources said that Ukraine’s food and seed supplies were hijacked and resold on the global market.
 
According to the new legislation, the EU will also consider banning the use of pesticides in parks, amusement parks or nature reserves, which will affect the use of glyphosate.
 
However, not all traditional active ingredients can be effectively replaced by biological products. Therefore, the European Commission suggests that with the elimination or prohibition of other products, farmers should adopt more integrated pest management (IPM) methods that promote the mixed use of biological and traditional active ingredients in the next decade or so.