Representative of jiangxiaosong:
We have received your suggestions on promoting effective and safe carbon reduction and high-quality green development in agriculture. After doing business with the Ministry of ecological environment and the national development and Reform Commission, the reply is as follows:
I. about improving the policy guarantee system
In order to implement the relevant decisions and arrangements of the central government on carbon peak and carbon neutralization, and promote the green and low-carbon development of agriculture and rural areas, the Ministry, together with the national development and Reform Commission, compiled and printed the implementation plan for emission reduction and carbon sequestration in agriculture and rural areas, which made a systematic deployment for promoting emission reduction and carbon sequestration in agriculture and rural areas. Focus on six key tasks, implement 10 actions, and build a multi-directional guidance mechanism of policy incentives, market guidance, and regulatory constraints. It is proposed that by 2025, the overall integration of agricultural and rural emission reduction and carbon sequestration with food security, Rural Revitalization and agricultural and rural modernization will be basically formed.
In the next step, the Ministry will work with relevant departments to earnestly implement the key tasks and major actions of emission reduction and carbon sequestration in agriculture and rural areas, and solidly promote the green, low-carbon and high-quality development of agriculture.
II. On strengthening the scientific and technological support for agricultural and rural emission reduction and carbon sequestration
The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas has strengthened scientific and technological innovation in emission reduction and carbon sequestration, established a green and low-carbon generic technology innovation team in the national modern agricultural industrial technology system, and established a green and low-carbon discipline group of key laboratories of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas. It has organized and carried out collaborative technology research around the directions of agricultural greenhouse gas emission reduction, agricultural carbon sequestration and exchange increase, agricultural and rural pollution reduction and carbon sequestration, emission reduction and carbon sequestration monitoring, and agricultural adaptation to climate change, Select and release 10 major technological models for agricultural and rural carbon reduction and sequestration.
In the next step, the Ministry will strengthen the scientific and technological innovation of emission reduction and carbon sequestration in agriculture and rural areas, focus on technical bottlenecks and shortcomings, strengthen the research on key core technologies, and accelerate the promotion and application of mature and applicable technologies.
III. on optimizing the modern agricultural industrial system
In 2021, the Ministry of Agriculture issued the guiding opinions on expanding the multiple functions of agriculture and promoting the high-quality development of rural industries (nongchan Fa  No. 7). On the basis of improving and strengthening the planting and breeding industry, the Ministry actively expanded the multiple functions of agriculture, excavated the multiple values of villages, and focused on developing three rural industries, including agricultural product processing, rural leisure tourism, and rural e-commerce. Build the whole agricultural industry chain, promote the backward extension of the industry, and promote product value-added and industrial efficiency. Promote the deep integration of agriculture and leisure, tourism, health care, ecology, culture, pension and other industries, enrich the types of rural industries, and enhance the rural economic value.
In the next step, on the basis of ensuring national food security, especially the absolute security of rations, the Ministry will promote the strategic adjustment of agricultural industrial structure according to the spatial layout of land, environmental capacity and land carrying capacity, constantly optimize the regional layout of industry, and promote agricultural efficiency and farmers’ income.
IV. establishment of agricultural green production system
Our ministry attaches great importance to the green development of agriculture. In 2017, five major actions for agricultural green development were implemented, including the resource utilization of livestock and poultry manure, the substitution of organic fertilizer for fruit, vegetable and tea, straw treatment in Northeast China, the recycling of agricultural film, and the protection of aquatic organisms with the Yangtze River as the focus. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in the three major grain crops in China has maintained a downward trend for five consecutive years, and the utilization rate has both stabilized at more than 40%. The utilization level of agricultural waste has been steadily improved, with the comprehensive utilization rate of livestock and poultry manure exceeding 76%, the comprehensive utilization rate of straw reaching 87.6%, and the recovery rate of agricultural film stabilizing at more than 80%. In 2021, the Ministry, together with the national development and Reform Commission and other six departments, issued the national agricultural green development plan for the 14th five year plan (Nong GUI Fa  No. 8), taking green development as an important guide for the implementation of the Rural Revitalization Strategy, and clarifying the ideas, objectives, key tasks and major measures for further promoting agricultural green development during the 14th five year plan.
In the next step, the Ministry will work with relevant departments to accelerate the organization and implementation of relevant major projects and major actions with the theme of high-quality development, and accelerate the construction of a green and low-carbon agricultural industry system.
V. on strengthening the construction of agricultural operation service system
In terms of strengthening agricultural socialized services, in recent years, the Ministry has accelerated the cultivation of service-oriented farmers’ cooperatives, rural collective economic organizations, agricultural service enterprises, agricultural service professionals and other service organizations, and improved the agricultural professional and socialized service system in accordance with the principles of diversified subjects, diverse forms, professional services and full competition. By introducing advanced varieties, technologies, equipment and other elements into the production process of small farmers, the problem of”unable, bad and uneconomical” of small farmers was solved, and the efficiency of agricultural management was improved. In terms of promoting the management and services of land management right transfer, in 2019, the Ministry, together with the central agricultural office, issued the”notice on doing a good job in preventing the risks of the contracted land of farmers in the whole village”, requiring all regions to correctly understand the risks of the contracted land of farmers in the whole village and establish a risk prevention mechanism. In January, 2021, the newly revised rural land contract law was implemented, and the Ministry revised and issued the measures for the management of the transfer of rural land management rights, which, on the premise of protecting collective ownership and farmers’ Contracting Rights in accordance with the law, equally protected the land management rights obtained by business entities in accordance with the transfer contract and guaranteed their stable business expectations. At the same time, it clarifies the relevant requirements to stop the”non-agricultural” of cultivated land and prevent the”non grain” of cultivated land, and makes detailed provisions on the establishment and improvement of the review and risk prevention system for industrial and commercial enterprises and other social capital to obtain land management rights through circulation, so as to better protect the legitimate rights and interests of both parties to the circulation. In September 2021, our ministry, together with the State Administration of market supervision and administration, issued the rural land management right lease contract (model text) and the rural land management right shareholding contract (model text), to guide and regulate the circulation of rural land management rights and reduce the hidden danger of contract disputes.
The next step is to accelerate the cultivation of diversified subjects of agricultural socialization, strengthen the standardized management of the industry, play a leading role in typical demonstration, and promote the high-quality development of agricultural socialized services. We will promote the implementation of the rural land review and risk prevention system for the transfer of industrial and commercial capital, strengthen the contract management of the transfer of land management rights, accelerate the establishment and improvement of the rural property rights transfer trading market system, and guide both sides of the land transfer to enter the site to transfer land in a standardized and orderly manner.
Thank you for your concern about the work of our department and hope to continue to support the work of agriculture, rural areas and farmers.
Ministry of agriculture and rural areas
July 19, 2022