I. in 2019, Hebei Province has issued the”planning outline” and the”implementation opinions” for the revitalization of the dairy industry. Why are new policies made and issued this year?
The provincial government issued the implementation opinions on accelerating the revitalization of the dairy industry (hereinafter referred to as the Implementation Opinions) on July 1, 2019 to comprehensively launch the revitalization of Hebei dairy industry. The implementation opinions clearly put forward that by 2025, the output of fresh milk in the province will reach 10million tons. From 2019 to 2022, the provincial government will allocate 380million yuan of special funds every year to support the revitalization of the dairy industry, including 200million yuan for the construction of milk source base and powder spraying subsidies, The newly built and expanded dairy processing plant is 180million yuan (integrating 100million yuan from the provincial development and Reform Commission for strategic emerging industries and 80million yuan from the Provincial Department of industry and information technology for industrial transformation and upgrading).
Over the past three years, the supporting policies for the dairy industry have played a crucial role. The dairy industry in the province has shown a good trend of leapfrog development. The annual compound growth rate of fresh milk output has reached 9%, reversing the situation of lingering for the first 10 years, and the output of dairy products has ranked first in the country for eight consecutive years. As the implementation period of the relevant policies ends in 2022, many investors do not support the bottom of the policy expectations and strongly demand the continuation of the policy support.
In order to consolidate the good momentum of the revitalization of the dairy industry and ensure the realization of the goal of”ten million tons of milk”, it is necessary to clarify the policies and measures after 2023 as soon as possible. At the same time, in view of the current new development needs of the dairy industry to”create clusters, fill weaknesses, attack high-end and expand consumption”, the supporting policies for the revitalization of the dairy industry have been created, upgraded and improved, and the notice of the general office of the people’s Government of Hebei Province on Further Strengthening the supporting policies for the revitalization of the dairy industry has been formulated and issued.
II. What are the main contents of the notice and in what aspects will it be financially supported?
A:the notice on Further Strengthening the supporting policies for the revitalization of the dairy industry puts forward the supporting policies and financial arrangements for the revitalization of the dairy industry in our province from 2023 to 2025, which is divided into four parts and 15 policies and measures.
First, accelerate the development of dairy seed industry. We should speed up the development of dairy seed industry from three aspects:supporting gene testing, supporting the establishment of dairy breeding clusters, and supporting the introduction of germplasm resources.
Second, improve the construction level of milk source base. The construction level of milk source base will be improved by supporting the rapid expansion and breeding of high-quality cows, the expansion and upgrading of farms, the development of forage industry, the resource utilization of manure combined with planting and breeding, the improvement of mechanized breeding level, and the application for authoritative certification of dairy farms.
Third, expand dairy processing consumption. Put forward four measures to support the capacity expansion of dairy enterprises and the production of high-end new products, support the powder spraying of excess fresh milk, support the improvement of the competitiveness of dairy brands, and support the expansion of the implementation scope of the”student drinking milk plan”, so as to expand the processing and consumption of dairy products.
Fourth, strengthen financial policy support. We should encourage innovation in financial service models and the development of new insurance products to actively solve the common problems of dairy farming, such as difficult, expensive and slow financing.
III. The plan outline for the revitalization of the dairy industry in our province proposes to achieve the goal of”ten million tons of milk” by 2025. How is this goal determined? At present, how far is it from achieving this goal?
Hebei is a major dairy province and an important raw and fresh milk production base in China. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the revitalization of Hebei dairy industry. When attending the national spring agricultural production conference in our province in March 2018 and investigating the dairy industry in Hebei Province in June, vice premier Hu Chunhua asked Hebei Province to accelerate the revitalization of the dairy industry and implement the”ten million tons of milk” project.
At present, China’s per capita consumption of dairy products is only 1/7 of that of dairy developed countries, 1/3 of the world average level, and 1/2 of that of developing countries. In recent years, the self-sufficiency rate of China’s dairy industry has been declining, from 95%in 2007 to less than 70%in 2021. From 2008 to 2021, China’s total annual consumption increased from 34.69 million tons to about 59.72 million tons, and 85%of the new consumption came from imports. It can be seen that the consumption potential of dairy products in China is huge, and the development space of dairy industry is huge.
In the three years from 2019 to 2021, the output of fresh milk in the province was 4.29 million tons, 4.83 million tons and 4.984 million tons respectively, and the compound annual growth rate of fresh milk output reached 9%, basically completing the phased annual target tasks. The goal set in the outline of the plan for the revitalization of dairy industry in Hebei Province (2019-2025) is from low to high. In the next few years, there is still an increase of 5million tons to be achieved, and the task is quite arduous. If we want to overcome difficulties and achieve the goal of”ten million tons of milk”, we must adopt unconventional policies and measures to promote the revitalization and leapfrog development of the dairy industry.
IV. how are the supporting policies proposed in the notice related and different from those in the implementation opinions?
According to the general principle that the capital investment for the development of dairy industry will only increase but not decrease, the preferential policies supporting dairy processing and dairy farming will only increase but not decrease, and the investment attraction for dairy industry will only increase but not decrease, the policies in the notice are formed by continuation, improvement and addition on the basis of the implementation opinions.
First, policy continuity. Continue to implement the policies of smart pasture construction, family pasture transformation, forage planting and storage subsidies, dairy enterprises’ self built pasture, dairy enterprises’ capacity expansion subsidies, fresh milk powder spraying subsidies, brand construction and so on in the implementation opinions.
Second, improve the policy. In order to expand the coverage of the policy, improve the efficiency of the use of financial funds, and improve the accuracy of policy implementation, some policy subsidy standards have been adjusted in accordance with the principle of”compensation should be made up”, including:the subsidy for the introduction of high-quality breeding embryos has been adjusted from 15000 yuan per embryo to 50%of the embryo purchase price; Raise the subsidy standard for each embryo transfer from 2000 yuan to 2500 yuan; We will support the expansion of the implementation scope of the”student milk drinking plan” to enable more primary and secondary school students to drink high-quality milk.
Third, policy addition. We have strengthened support for the dairy seed industry, the construction and expansion of social pastures, and the resource utilization of fecal pollution, including:giving certain rewards to the approved provincial dairy original breeding farms and national core breeding farms; Provide financial support for genome-wide detection of high-yield cow core group and A2 cow screening and determination; Give certain subsidies to the introduction of foreign bulls; Each seed industry park will be given a subsidy of 10million yuan; Subsidies of 1000 yuan per field will be given to new and expanded scale social farms; Provide financial support for the purchase of manure returning facilities and equipment in dairy farms; Some financial rewards will be given to those who have obtained the national certification of”high-quality milk engineering demonstration pasture”.
V. how does our province support the dairy processing industry?
The provincial development and Reform Commission, together with the Provincial Department of industry and information technology, the Department of agriculture and rural areas, the health commission and other seven departments, studied and formulated the work plan for the implementation of the three action plans of domestic infant formula milk powder in Hebei Province, and implemented the action plan of”quality improvement, industrial upgrading and brand training” of domestic infant formula milk powder. From 2019 to 2021, the provincial development and Reform Commission and the Provincial Department of industry and information technology supported nearly 240million yuan for five dairy processing projects. Under the guidance of advantageous policies, leading enterprises in the dairy industry accelerated their layout in our province. In addition to local leaders such as JUNLEBAO, large domestic dairy enterprises such as Yili, Mengniu, Sanyuan, Weiquan and new hope all took root in our province. In 2021, the dairy products output of Enterprises above Designated Size in the province was 3.9764 million tons, ranking first in China for eight consecutive years. The notice clearly continues to support the upgrading of high-end production capacity of infant formula milk powder, pasteurized milk, cheese and butter, etc. From 2022 to 2025, the provincial development and Reform Commission and the Provincial Department of industry and information technology will arrange special funds for industrial transformation and upgrading (technological transformation) and the development of strategic emerging industries every year to support the annual production capacity of 10000 tons of infant formula milk powder for enterprises by 40million yuan, the daily production capacity of 50 tons of pasteurized milk by 10million yuan, and the annual production capacity of 500 tons of cheese and butter by 20million yuan, including cheese The supporting funds for butter and pasteurized milk production capacity shall not exceed 30%of the total investment.
相关报道：Notice of the general office of Hebei Provincial People’s Government on Further Strengthening the supporting policies for the revitalization of the dairy industry