On July 9, at the Fifth China (International) crawfish Industry Conference 2022, the press conference of China crawfish industry development report (2022) was held as scheduled.
The report on the development of crayfish industry in China (2022) was jointly prepared by the National Aquatic Technology Promotion Station, the Chinese Fisheries Society and the China Fisheries circulation and Processing Association. The report comprehensively combs the upstream and downstream industries and policy support of crayfish breeding production, processing and circulation, consumption and trade, brand and festival activities, feed and seasoning production in China in 2021, analyzes the main problems restricting the current industrial development, and puts forward development suggestions such as innovating the breeding mode, consolidating the foundation of the seed industry, supplementing the shortcomings of the processing industry, and promoting the development of clusters and the whole industrial chain.
At the press conference, Yu Xiujuan, deputy head of the National Aquatic Technology Promotion Station, the Chinese Fisheries Society, Wang Xueguang, Executive Secretary General of the Chinese fisheries circulation and Processing Association, and Han Gang, deputy president of the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, introduced the important contents of the comprehensive, processing and circulation, and brand Festival sections of the China crawfish industry development report (2022).
From the overall situation of the industry, China’s crawfish industry will continue to maintain a good momentum of development in 2021, and the development level of the whole industrial chain and clustering will continue to improve. The first industry maintained a sustained growth, and the second and third industries developed better as a whole.
In terms of industrial scale, the total output value of crayfish in China reached 42.22 billion yuan in 2021, an increase of 22%year-on-year, exceeding the level in 2019. Among them, the first production was about 82.3 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 10%, the second production was about 36.9 billion yuan, with a year-on-year decrease of 23%, and the third production was about 303 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 36%. The ratio of output value of 123 is about 2:1:7.
In terms of breeding production, the breeding area was 26million mu, an increase of 9.01%year-on-year; The output was 2.636 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 10.02%; The cultivation methods are mainly rice and shrimp cultivation (mainly), as well as pond culture (including intensive culture, crab pond mixed culture), lotus root field culture, large water surface increase culture, etc; There are 23 crayfish breeding provinces in China, and Hubei, Anhui, Hunan, Jiangsu and Jiangxi still occupy an absolutely dominant position; There are 34 counties (cities, districts) with crayfish breeding output of more than 20000 tons in China.
From the perspective of policy guarantee, the current policy support direction is mainly to promote the development of industrial clusters and the development of the whole industrial chain, and highlight the role of science and technology in support and guarantee.
In terms of processing, in 2021, there were 162 crayfish processing enterprises above Designated Size in China, with about 30 new ones, and the production capacity increased significantly; Crayfish processing enterprises are mainly concentrated in Hubei, Jiangsu, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi and other traditional crayfish breeding provinces. Crayfish processing products are divided into primary processing products and deep-processing products produced with industrial by-products as raw materials. At present, primary processing is still the main process.
From the perspective of market circulation and consumption, in 2021, the price of crayfish stabilized and rebounded, and the prices of crayfish of different specifications increased, but the market differentiation was obvious, the cyclical characteristics of crayfish prices were obvious, and the trend of the whole year was still U-shaped; In terms of market circulation, the national crayfish market circulation system has been continuously established and improved, the construction and layout of the trading market have been gradually improved, the e-commerce platform has been rapidly involved and developed, and the logistics and transportation capacity has been continuously improved; In 2021, the offline consumption of crayfish will basically recover, and the online consumption will continue to maintain a rapid growth.
From the perspective of import and export trade, the international trade of crayfish in China recovered in 2021. The annual export volume of crayfish was 9863.46 tons, with a year-on-year increase of 27.42%, and the export volume was 119.4313 million US dollars, with a year-on-year increase of 57.93%; The import volume of crayfish was 5435.28 tons, with a year-on-year increase of 44.48%, and the import volume of crayfish was 106.4146 million US dollars, with a year-on-year increase of 80.05%.
From the perspective of brand construction, all regions have increased the construction of regional public brands, promoted the co construction and sharing of brands, and created a crawfish brand system.
From the perspective of festival activities, all localities hold various festival activities such as crayfish festivals, crayfish fishing festivals, crayfish food festivals, shrimp King competition, crayfish Industry Expo, etc., so as to create markets, stimulate consumption, and improve brand image.
From the perspective of development suggestions, the first is to innovate the planting and breeding mode. Optimize, improve, summarize and improve the breeding and breeding separation mode; Innovate the”rice shrimp +n” and other modes, enrich the connotation of rice shrimp planting and breeding, and explore the anti season planting and breeding mode. Second, consolidate the foundation of seed industry. Promote the construction of crayfish seed industry system into the local seed industry policy support system; Accelerate the construction of crayfish germplasm resources protection and utilization system and commercial breeding system; Carry out research on crayfish breeding in autumn, greenhouse breeding, and spring egg shrimp production to meet the needs of staggering peak listing. Third, make up for the shortcomings of the processing industry. The technological transformation and upgrading of enterprises will promote the transformation of crayfish processing industry to mechanization, automation and modernization; Promote the comprehensive utilization of crayfish processing by-products; Establish and improve the crayfish processing standard system, and promote the standardization development of crayfish processing industry. Fourth, promote the development of clusters and the whole industrial chain. Develop the business model of”leading enterprises + various business entities”; Build regional public brands; Layout of primary processing and deep processing in the production area; Build an integrated industrial cluster, extend the industrial chain, optimize the supply chain and enhance the value chain.