Food partner online news Recently, Yunnan provincial market supervision and Administration Bureau released the 25th issue of 2022 food safety supervision and sampling information, and eight batches of unqualified food were detected. Unqualified food involves food additives, pesticide residues and quality indicators.
Food additives detected in 5 batches of food
Food additives were detected in 2 batches of food. They were self-made fried dough sticks processed by Yazuo snack bar in Zhaoyang District. The residual amount of aluminum (dry sample, calculated by Al) did not meet the requirements of the national food safety standard; The group transfer snack bar in Zhaoyang District processed homemade fried dough sticks, and the aluminum residue (dry sample, calculated by Al) did not meet the requirements of the national food safety standard; Food additives were detected in 3 batches of food, including sorghum wine, Baogu wine and small pot wine sold by Yuewei non-staple food store in Xishan District, Kunming. After inspection by Yunnan yunce Quality Inspection Co., Ltd., the test value of cyclamate (calculated by cyclohexylaminosulfonic acid) did not meet the provisions of the national food safety standard.
Potassium aluminum sulfate (also known as potassium alum) and ammonium aluminum sulfate (also known as ammonium Mingji) are commonly used food additives in food processing. Aluminum residues will be produced after use. Aluminum containing food additives can be used as bulking agents, stabilizers, anti caking agents and dyes. Long term intake of foods with excessive aluminum residues may affect the absorption of iron, calcium and other nutrients, leading to osteoporosis, anemia and even the development of nerve cells. The national food safety standard for the use of food additives (GB 2760-2014) stipulates that the maximum limit of aluminum residue of alum (potassium aluminum sulfate or ammonium aluminum sulfate) in fried flour products is 100mg/kg. The reason why the aluminum residue in fried dough sticks exceeds the standard may be that individual enterprises use aluminum containing additives beyond the limit and scope in the production and processing process in order to improve the taste of products, or the aluminum content in the compound additives used is too high.
Sodium cyclamate, the chemical name of which is sodium cyclamate, is a commonly used sweetener. Excessive sodium cyclamate will damage human renal function, even cause teratogenesis and cancer. The national food safety standard for the use of food additives (GB 2760-2014) stipulates that cyclamate shall not be used in Baijiu. The reason for the detection of cyclamate in Baijiu may be the improper use of raw and auxiliary materials by the production unit or the lax control of the production process. The raw and auxiliary materials contain sweeteners and are brought into the liquor; It may also be that in order to reduce the production cost and improve the taste of the product, the production unit uses sodium cyclamate in the product to regulate the taste.
Pesticide residues detected in 2 batches of food exceeded the standard
Pesticide residues detected in 2 batches of food exceeded the standard，分别为双江德梁蔬菜摊销售的豇豆，氧乐果残留量不符合食品安全国家标准要求；楚雄市尹晓琼水果店销售的沃柑，联苯菊酯残留量不符合食品安全国家标准要求。
Omethoate, a highly toxic pesticide, is an inhaling organophosphorus insecticide and acaricide. It is mainly used to control pests of cotton, wheat, fruit trees, vegetables, sorghum and other crops. Omethoate can cause poisoning through esophagus, respiratory tract and skin. Special antidotes include antiphosphoridine, atropine, etc. According to the national food safety standard maximum residue limit of pesticides in food (GB 2763-2021), the maximum residue limit of Omethoate in cowpea is 0.02mg/kg, which may be caused by the excessive application of Omethoate in the planting link; It may also be that Omethoate pesticide was sprayed before harvest, and there was no safety interval, resulting in the omethoate residue exceeding the standard.
Bifenthrin is a kind of pyrethroid insecticide with broad spectrum, rapid action, no movement in the soil, relatively safe to the environment and long residual period. It has contact killing and stomach poisoning effects, and has no inhaling and fumigating effects. Long term exposure may cause harm to human nerves, reproduction and immune system. According to the national food safety standard maximum residue limits of pesticides in foods (GB 2763-2021), the residue limits of bifenthrin in Citrus grandis should not exceed 0.05mg/kg. The reason why bifenthrin exceeded the standard in Wakan may be that fruit farmers did not know the safe interval of pesticide use, so they used or abused pesticides illegally.
In addition, there is also a problem of quality indicators detected in a batch of food. It is the native honey sold by tmall Taihang Mountain Food flagship store (the operator is Dingzhou North China Bee Industry Co., Ltd.) in tmall Mall (online store) and produced by Dingzhou North China Bee Industry Co., Ltd. nominal. After inspection by Yunnan Institute of product quality supervision and inspection, the fructose and glucose content do not meet the national food safety standards.
Fructose and glucose are the main components of mature honey and an important physical and chemical index to test the quality of honey. The quality of honey will be affected if the content of fructose and glucose is not up to standard. The national food safety standard honey (GB 14963-2011) stipulates that the total content of fructose and glucose in honey shall be ≥ 60g/100g. The reason why fructose and glucose in honey are not up to standard may be that the brewing time of honey is insufficient and the moisture content of honey is too high due to immature honey; It may also be that illegal enterprises add syrup to honey or directly use syrup to fake in order to improve the sensory quality of products.
For the unqualified products found in the sampling inspection, the local market supervision department of the enterprise has carried out verification and disposal according to law, urged the enterprise to fulfill its legal obligations, and took measures such as taking the unqualified products off the shelf and recalling them in time to control the risks; Find out the batch, quantity and causes of the unqualified products produced and operated, and deal with the illegal acts according to law; After the completion of verification and disposal, it shall be made public to the public in a timely manner.
Nonconforming product information
(source:Yunnan market supervision and Administration Bureau)
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