Food Safety Committee of Shangri La Municipal People’s Government
Office 2022 on prevention of eating
Early warning notice of honey poisoning
From June to October every year, there is a high incidence of eating wild honey poisoning. In order to effectively prevent the occurrence of such food safety accidents and ensure the health and life safety of the broad masses of the people, the early warning announcement is hereby issued as follows:
I. generally, eating ordinary honey and bee pupae will not lead to food poisoning, but eating poisonous honey and bee pupae will lead to poisoning. Honey poisoning is mostly caused by bees mistakenly collecting toxic plants or eating other toxic insects. The pollen collected by wild bees is complex and often mixed with toxic plant pollen. The alkaloids contained in toxic pollen will cause poisoning. When poisonous plants bloom in large numbers, domestic bees may also collect poisonous pollen to make honey, which may also cause honey eaters to be poisoned. Ordinary fresh or live bee pupae are non-toxic, while the pupae of wasps or wasps contain neurotoxins. The pupae with a long death time may produce a large number of protein products such as histamine or be contaminated by bacteria. The feces of bee larvae also contain toxins, and eating such pupae by mistake will also cause poisoning. The most common poisonous plants include Tripterygium wilfordii, Kunming Malus, digitalis, aconite, Datura stramonium, gelsemium and oleander peach blossom.
II. The disease can be felt within 0.5 ~ 24 hours after eating wild honey. The related manifestations are:dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, bloody stool, palpitation, chest tightness, proteinuria, and severe cases can occur acute renal failure. Poisoning symptoms often vary according to the toxins contained in honey. The poisoning incubation period of eating bee pupae ranges from 2 to 4 hours, and the severity of poisoning is related to the number of consuming bee pupae. The first symptoms of poisoning are mainly nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, headache, fatigue, skin itching, general numbness, etc. If the above symptoms occur, please go to the nearest hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time.
III. all catering units, group meal distribution units, ordinary residents and villagers should carefully provide and eat honey from June to August in summer, and avoid eating honey together with alcohol. When picking, purchasing and selling bee pupae, it is necessary to correctly identify edible and inedible bee pupae. To eat bee pupae, the poisonous parts should be removed and processed to maturity according to the correct eating and processing methods. The pupae and larvae should be separated. The larvae must be scalded with boiling water to remove their feces before being combined with the pupae for frying.
IV. after an accident, the following first-aid measures should be actively taken:vomiting, gastric lavage, catharsis, etc; Intravenous infusion, maintain water and electrolyte balance, and promote toxin excretion; Pay attention to protect the functions of heart, liver, kidney and other organs, and give large doses of vitamin C, B vitamins, inosine, energy mixture, etc. severe cases can be treated with glucocorticoids and symptomatic treatment.
V. the unit and individual involved should immediately ask for help from the medical institution, and do a good job in keeping samples of relevant food and vomit. The medical institution shall immediately report to the office of the Municipal Food Safety Commission and the health department after receiving the treatment. If the patient is seriously ill and the unit does not have the conditions for treatment, the poisoned patient shall be mobilized to transfer to a hospital in time. After receiving the accident report, all Township People’s governments and member units shall report to the office of the Municipal Food Safety Commission in a timely manner and do a good job in emergency disposal according to relevant regulations and procedures.
VI. The Township People’s governments and the relevant member units of the Municipal Food Safety Commission should prevent, detect and control food poisoning as early as possible. We should carefully analyze the risks of food poisoning incidents in our jurisdiction, take the initiative to carry out monitoring, early warning and risk assessment for key places, key links, key periods and key groups where food poisoning incidents such as schools, collective canteens of enterprises and institutions, rural self catering banquets, self collecting wild honey, wild bacteria and so on occur, and make full use of radio, television and other publicity media and notification forms to publicize food safety knowledge to the society, In particular, we should do a good job in publicizing the hazards and prevention of wild bacteria, wild honey and bacterial food poisoning to the masses in rural areas, and educate the masses not to eat wild honey and unknown wild bacteria. At the same time, make emergency preparations, implement the personnel on duty, and carry out on-site investigation and disposal in time once a poisoning incident is found.
Shangri la Food Safety Committee Office
July 23, 2022