Canada revised the basic food regulations, hoping to promote the innovative development of the food industry during the recovery period of the new crown
On July 6, 2022 local time, the Canadian government announced the revision results of the two basic regulations of the country’s food industry – the food and drug regulations and the food safety regulations in the Canadian Gazette. This revision has a significant impact on the regulation of Canadian food.
Revision background of the two regulations
Since 2013, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has been committed to the reform of the modernization of the food regulatory framework. In 2013, CFIA publicly consulted the public on the modernization of food labeling regulation and launched the food labeling modernization (FLM) program; From 2014 to 2015, CFIA made public the solicitation of opinions on the FLM regulatory plan, and from 2016 to 2017, it collected opinions on the necessity of reform, industry opinions, consumer rights and interests, and consulted with relevant stakeholders; Since then, CFIA has also been making further reform investment on the basis of FLM plan. In the summer of 2020, CFIA reviewed the FLM plan against the background of the covid-19 pandemic and the need to support economic recovery, and adjusted the plan so that it was no longer limited to the reform of label regulation, but also shouldered the mission of stimulating the development of the Canadian food industry. Therefore, the name of the program is also changed from FLM to food innovation (FPI) program.
In the whole process of regulation revision, CFIA listened to the relevant suggestions of about 7000 stakeholders, and obtained about 15000 relevant opinions through online consultation.
Main contents of this revision
The revision of the two regulations is the result of FPI plan. The Canadian government this time revised the two regulations, mainly hoping to stimulate the innovative development of the food industry in the post coronation economic recovery period, and solve some historical problems in the two regulations.
Main contents of this revision如下：
The standard container size requirements for many kinds of food have been deleted, and enterprises can now customize the packaging size of these foods;
In label identification, at present, some enterprises only use the”class alias” of raw materials for identification, without identifying the specific name of raw materials, resulting in insufficient information for consumers. The new regulations have clearer requirements on the label and identification of this kind of raw materials;
Add the definition of”trial sale food” and allow some food that does not comply with the current regulations in Canada to apply for trial sale license, so as to stimulate industry innovation;
Simplify the special label requirements for some goods, such as dairy products;
It is clear that the federal level does not regulate the catering industry, and the contents that may be related to the catering industry in the original regulations are deleted.
Contents that Chinese enterprises need to pay attention to
If Chinese enterprises are exporting products to Canada, or plan to export products to Canada, they need to pay attention to whether their products are involved in this revision of regulations.
Among the amendments of the two regulations, the revision of labeling requirements has the greatest impact on enterprises. Based on this consideration, CFIA has conducted extensive opinion solicitation and investigation on the labeling of prepackaged food manufacturers, food and beverage wholesalers, importers and exporters, food and beverage retailers, food and beverage department stores, food and beverage consumers and relevant regulatory agencies. Based on the investigation of CFIA, the ability of the food industry to bear the cost of label change has decreased in recent years due to the impact of the new crown; At the same time, the focus of the new regulations is also more inclined to support innovation, enhance competitiveness and business recovery. Changing labels will undoubtedly bring additional burden to enterprises. Therefore, all the draft labels that may bring additional costs to the industry have been deleted in the revision of this regulation, and only the regulatory regulations that are beneficial to the industry, consumers and the government have been retained.
In terms of product standard containers, if the enterprise has previously exported peanut butter, alcohol, honey, meat products and other products that have provisions for standard containers, it can query the new”standard container” file to determine whether the requirements for standard containers have been deleted or changed.
For enterprises exporting products under special supervision, such as dairy products, meat products, baby food, etc., you can check the corresponding provisions to see whether there are corresponding changes to the special identification requirements of some products, such as the identification requirements of the country of origin.
For catering supply enterprises, you can check whether some provisions and requirements in the original regulations have been partially removed.
Finally, if an enterprise wants to make an innovation attempt in the Canadian market, it can check its detailed regulations on”trial sale products” to see whether they meet the needs of the enterprise.