2021 national fishery economic statistical bulletin
By: Date: 2022-07-22 Categories: industrynews Tags: ,
Focus on the key tasks of stabilizing production and ensuring supply, promote the high-quality development of fisheries, and maintain a good development trend of fishery economy. Statistics show that the fishery economy continued to pick up throughout the year, the output of aquatic products increased steadily, the supply and demand of aquatic products consumer market boomed, prices rose and fell, the import and export volume of aquatic products increased, and the income of fishermen increased rapidly.
 
 I. total social fishery economic output value
 
Calculated at current prices, the total output value of fishery economy in the whole society is 2968.973 billion yuan, including 151.863 billion yuan of fishery output value, 615.516 billion yuan of fishery industry and construction industry output value, and 837.593 billion yuan of fishery circulation and service industry output value. The proportion of the output value of the three industries is 51.1:20.7:28.2, as shown in Figure 1. Among the output value of fishery circulation and service industry, the output value of recreational fishery was 8three point five five6 billion yuan, an increase of 1.19%year-on-year.
2021 national fishery economic statistical bulletinimage
Figure 1 Composition of total output value of fishery economy in 2021
 
Among the fishery output value, the marine fishing output value is 230.372 billion yuan, the mariculture output value is 430.170 billion yuan, the freshwater fishing output value is 33.656 billion yuan, the freshwater aquaculture output value is 747.375 billion yuan, and the aquatic fry output value is 74.290 billion yuan (the fishery output value is subject to the annual report data of the National Bureau of Statistics).
 
In the fishery output value (excluding seedlings), the output value ratio of seawater products to freshwater products is 45.8:54.2, and the output value ratio of aquaculture products to fishing products is 81.7:18.3.
 
 II. Per capita net income of fishermen
 
According to the survey of the income and expenditure of nearly 10000 fishermen’s families in the country that year, the per capita net income of fishermen in the country was 23442.13 yuan, an increase of 1604.97 yuan or 7.35%over the previous year.
 
III. output and per capita share of aquatic products
 
In 2021, the total output of aquatic products in China was 66.9029 million tons, an increase of 2.16%over the previous year. Among them, the aquaculture output was 53.9441 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 3.26%, and the fishing output was 12.9589 million tons, with a year-on-year decrease of 2.18%. The proportion of the output of aquaculture products to fishing products was 80.6:19.4, as shown in Table 1 and table 2; The output of seawater products was 33.8724 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 2.20%. The output of freshwater products was 33.0305 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 2.11%. The output ratio of seawater products to freshwater products was 50.6:49.4.
 
Table 1 National aquaculture output in 2021
 
Unit:10000 tons
Indicators
Breeding
Output
Mariculture
Freshwater aquaculture
Output
Year on year (%)
Output
Year on year (%)
  National Total
  five thousand three hundred and ninety-four point four one
  two thousand two hundred and eleven point one four
  three point five five
  three thousand one hundred and eighty-three point two seven
  three point zero six
Fish
  2824.66
  184.38
  5.37
  2640.28
  2.08
Crustaceans
  643.91
  185.49
  4.50
  458.41
  7.66
Shellfish
  1545.67
  1526.07
  3.11
  19.60
  5.20
Algae
  272.29
  271.46
  3.80
  0.83
  33.30
Others
  107.88
  43.73
  6.05
  64.15
  11.63
 
  
Table 2 domestic fishing output in 2021
 
  Unit:10000 tons
Indicators
Domestic fishing
Output
Marine fishing
Freshwater fishing
Output
Year on year (%)
Output
Year on year (%)
  National Total
  one thousand and seventy-one point two four
  nine hundred and fifty-one point four six
  zero point four three
  one hundred and nineteen point seven eight
  -17.82
Fish
  737.18
  645.15
  -0.56
  92.03
  -17.01
Crustaceans
  198.45
  186.14
  2.79
  12.32
  -23.90
Shellfish
  50.05
  35.94
  -0.71
  14.11
  -17.64
Algae
  2.05
  2.03
  -6.69
  0.02
  -35.98
Cephalopods
  58.55
  58.55
  3.65
   
Others
  24.96
  23.65
  4.22
  1.31
  -13.91
 

In 2021, the output of Pelagic Fisheries was 2.2465 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 3.03%, accounting for 3.36%of the total output of aquatic products.
 
In 2021, the per capita share of aquatic products in China was 47.36 kg (the national population was 1412.6 million), an increase of 0.97 kg or 2.09%over the previous year.
 
IV. aquaculture area
 
In 2021, the national aquaculture area was 7009.38 thousand hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 0.38%. Among them, the area of mariculture is two thousand and twenty-five point five one thousand hectares, with a year-on-year increase of one point five zero%; The area of freshwater aquaculture was four thousand nine hundred and eighty-three point eight seven thousand hectares, a year-on-year decrease of 1.12%; The area ratio of mariculture to freshwater aquaculture is 28.9:71.1, as shown in Table 3 and table 4.
 
Table 3 mariculture area in China in 2021
 
Unit:1000 hectares
index
Mariculture面积
Year on year (%)
Proportion in total area
Specific gravity (%)
  National Total
  two thousand and twenty-five point five one
  one point five zero
 
Fish
  76.36
  -3.19
  3.77
Crustaceans
  300.07
  1.66
  14.81
Shellfish
  1224.03
  2.22
  6zero point four three
Algae
  140.06
  -1.23
  6.91
Others类
  284.99
  0.96
  14.07
 
Table 4 freshwater aquaculture area in 2021
 
Unit:1000 hectares
index
Freshwater aquaculture面积
Year on year (%)
Proportion in total area
Specific gravity (%)
  National Total
  four thousand nine hundred and eighty-three point eight seven
  -1.12
   
Pond
  2604.63
  -0.79
  52.26
Lakes
  663.40
  -7.94
  13.31
Reservoir
  1439.30
  1.30
  28.88
Gully
  147.51
  0.04
  2.96
Others
  129.03
  2.25
  2.59


五、渔船年末拥有量
 
In 2021, the total number of fishing vessels at the end of the year was 520800, with a total tonnage of 10.0158 million tons. Among them, 357000 motor fishing boats, with a total tonnage of 9.7748 million tons and a total power of 18.452 million KW; There are 163900 non motorized fishing boats with a gross tonnage of 241000 tons.
 
Among the motorized fishing boats, 342300 fishing boats were produced, with a total tonnage of 8.6247 million tons and a total power of 16.0662 million KW. There are 14700 auxiliary fishing boats, with a total tonnage of 1.15 million tons and a total power of 2.3858 million KW.
 
 Vi. fishery population and fishery practitioners
 
In 2021, the fishing population was 16.3424 million, a decrease of 865300 or 5.03%over the previous year. Among the fishing population, there were 5.1716 million traditional fishermen, a decrease of 382800 or 6.89%over the previous year. The number of fishery employees was 11.8463 million, a decrease of 549600 or 4.43%over the previous year.
 
  7、 Aquatic products processing and trade
 
By the end of 2021, there were 9202 aquatic processing enterprises and 8454 aquatic cold storages in China. The total amount of processed aquatic products was 21.2504 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 1.64%. Among them, 17.0881 million tons of seawater processing products, an increase of 1.76%year-on-year; Fresh water processing products were 4.1623 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 1.15%. The total amount of aquatic products used for processing was 25.2268 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 1.84%. Among them, 19.511 million tons of seawater products were used for processing, a year-on-year decrease of 0.10%; 5.7157 million tons of fresh water products were used for processing, with a year-on-year increase of 9.04%.
 
According to the statistics of the General Administration of customs, the total import and export volume of aquatic products in China in 2021 was 9.5482 million tons, with a total import and export volume of US $39.949 billion, an increase of 0.72%and 15.41%respectively year-on-year. Among them, the export volume was 3.807 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 0.28%, and the export volume was US $21.926 billion, a year-on-year increase of 15.13%; The import volume was 5.7474 million tons and the import volume was 18.023 billion US dollars, with a year-on-year increase of 1.39%and 15.75%respectively. The trade surplus was $3.903 billion, an increase of $430 million over the same period last year.
 
  8、 Fishery disaster
 
In 2021, the fishery disaster caused a loss of 546700 tons of aquatic products, 3885300 hectares of affected aquaculture area, and a direct economic loss of 10.649 billion yuan.