World Agrochemical Network Chinese website reported:At present, Ukraine is in the final stage of approving the maximum allowable level of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos methyl residues in agricultural products and food at 0.01 mg/L. The resolution was approved by the Ministry of Health’s draft directive”Approving the maximum allowable limits for chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos methyl in agricultural products and food and the revision of the hygiene standards and regulations for the safe use of pesticides and pesticides.” After signing the formalities as planned, the directive will take effect on January 1, 2022.
It is worth mentioning that the reason for this decision is that EU countries have increased the standards for chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos methyl residues in various agricultural products, and the EU standards have been implemented from November 13, 2020.
As one of the main markets for Ukrainian agricultural products, the EU’s agricultural exports to EU countries account for approximately 25-30%. Therefore, coordinating the relationship between domestic regulatory documents and EU directives is a matter of minimizing trade risks and ensuring the competitiveness of agricultural products. Most importantly, it also concerns the health of consumers. From the perspective of Ukrainian exports, the problem of exceeding the pesticide residue limit is mainly oilseed (sunflower, soybean, rapeseed) and vegetable oil (because it is fat-soluble). In addition, grains also have this problem (because chlorpyrifos is used for processing in grain warehouses).
According to the National Register of Pesticides and Agrochemicals of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources, there are currently about 40 products containing chlorpyrifos and/or chlorpyrifos methyl registered in Ukraine. Crop protection products containing these two active ingredients are used to treat grains, oilseeds and vegetable crops. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics of Ukraine, in 2019, about 3 million hectares of farmland in Ukraine used pesticide products containing chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos methyl.
In the past year, there have been active public discussions on whether Ukraine should follow the EU’s lead and set the allowable levels of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos methyl in law. The opinions of market participants, national institutions and industry associations are mixed. Some believe that this measure is necessary, while others believe that agricultural producers have the right to decide on their own which pesticides they can use.