The National Edible Fungus Processing Technology Research and Development Center of Henan University has made progress in the rapid identification of the chemical components of Hericium erinaceus. The result was published in the Journal of Food Quality under the title”Rapid Identification of Chemical Constituents in Hericium erinaceus based on LC-MS/MS metabolomics” (immediate IF1.986, Chinese Academy of Sciences District 4) Magazine.
Hericium erinaceus is a precious dual-purpose edible fungus for medicine and food in my country. It is also called”China’s four famous foods” along with bear paw, sea cucumber, and shark fin. Hericium erinaceus is flat in nature, sweet in taste, beneficial to the five internal organs, and aiding digestion. It has a long history of medicinal use in my country. The chemical components of Hericium erinaceus include terpenes, phenols, steroids, pyrones, fatty acids and alkaloids. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Hericium erinaceus has various pharmacological effects such as regulating immunity, neuroprotection, antidepressant, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, lowering blood sugar, lowering blood lipid and protecting gastric mucosa.
Based on the metabonomics method, this article conducts rapid detection of the chemical composition of Hericium erinaceus, and initially identified 102 compounds from Hericium erinaceus, including 31 organic acids, 10 nucleotide analogs, and 7 amino acids. Class, 6 carbohydrates and derivatives, 5 flavonoids, 3 unsaturated fatty acids, 3 terpenes, 3 phenolic acids, 1 phenylpropanoids, 1 steroids and 32 other compounds.
Figure 1 Total ion chromatogram of H. erinaceus in positive ion mode (pos) and negative ion mode (neg)