Promote the sustainable and healthy development of the forest frog industry
——The person in charge of the Fisheries and Fisheries Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs answered reporters’ questions on the”Notice on Further Strengthening the Protection and Management of Forest Frogs”
Recently, the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued the”Notice on Further Strengthening the Protection and Management of Forest Frogs” (hereinafter referred to as the”Notice”). A few days ago, the reporter interviewed the person in charge of the Fisheries and Fisheries Administration of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on related issues in the”Notice.”
Q:What are the considerations for launching this”Notice”? What problem is it to solve?
Answer:Forest frog is an important part of the ecosystem, and it is also a domesticated and used frog species with a long history. The data shows that there are currently about 36,400 forest frog frog farmers nationwide, employing more than 520,000 people, and an annual output value of about 20 billion yuan. The development of the forest frog industry not only meets the material needs of the people, but also effectively improves the survival rate, hatching rate and survival rate of young frogs, thereby increasing the amount of forest frog resources and becoming a successful case of industry development and resource protection complementing each other.
Last year, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the State Forestry and Grass Administration jointly issued the”Notice on Further Regulating the Protection and Management of Frogs”, clarifying that the Chinese forest frog (Rana temporaria) and the forest frog in Heilongjiang are managed by the fishery department in accordance with aquatic animals. Since the adjustment of forest frog management responsibilities, local fisheries departments have actively communicated and coordinated with forestry and grassland departments to do a good job handover and follow-up management. The overall progress has been relatively smooth.
What should not be ignored is that forest frogs have been adjusted from the management of terrestrial wildlife in accordance with the provisions of the Wildlife Protection Law to the management of economic aquatic animals in accordance with the provisions of the Fisheries Law. The applicable legal basis, competent authorities, The certificates, procedures, and management requirements for handling have all changed, so there are some problems in actual work such as unclear policies and unclear management requirements. For example, it is widely reported that after forest frogs were placed under the management of the fishery department, the artificial breeding licenses and operating and utilization licenses for terrestrial wild animals issued by the original forestry and grass departments have been withdrawn and cancelled. The fishery department has not yet issued a license for the management and utilization of forest frogs. clear. According to the relevant provisions of the Fisheries Law, if the waters and tidal flats owned by the whole people or collectives determined by the national plan for aquaculture are used, the user should apply for a water tidal flat aquaculture use license, but the forest frog breeding areas are mainly authorized. Forest land does not belong to the planning scope of tidal flats in aquaculture waters, so it is not possible to apply for a license for the use of tidal flats aquaculture in the waters. Other places reported that after the local forest police discovered the illegal capture of forest frogs, they still investigated and dealt with it in accordance with the Wildlife Protection Law, and even pursued criminal responsibility, which was inconsistent with the penalties applicable to management in accordance with the Fisheries Law. In order to do a good job in the protection and management of forest frogs after the adjustment of their management responsibilities, and to solve the frog farmers’ urgent and worries as soon as possible, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has conducted in-depth studies with relevant local fishery departments and experts on the basis of the previous work, and issued this”Notice” .
The”Notice” clarifies the documents and management requirements for conducting business and utilization activities of forest frogs, solves the problem of the legal source of proliferation of forest frogs, and protects the legitimate rights and interests of frog farmers. At the same time, the”Notice” focuses on balancing forest frog resources The relationship between protection and sustainable use has laid the foundation for the sustainable and healthy development of the forest frog industry.
Q:What management requirements does the”Notice” put forward for the forest frog industry?
Answer:From the previous research, the forest frog industry has both breeding and fishing characteristics. In addition to human intervention during key periods such as overwintering, spawning and incubation, and abnormal development, the forest frog mainly lives in other life stages. The natural environment and the parents are also captured from the wild environment. Therefore, the forest frog industry is different from the usual aquaculture fishery. We position the forest frog industry as a proliferation fishery and have made management requirements different from traditional aquaculture fishery.
In accordance with the”Fisheries Law” and other relevant regulations, we implement special (chartered) fishing management for the forest frog catching. Only frog farmers who have obtained the right to use the forest frog breeding site and carry out the forest frog breeding according to the law can be in the breeding site area Carry out legal capture to avoid damage to the natural resources of forest frogs. At the same time, the”Notice” requires the competent authorities to strengthen the investigation of forest frog resources, find out the family, provide basic information for further protection and management, and conduct extensive publicity and education to guide frog farmers to establish cooperatives and industry associations to conduct self-regulation and self-management. In addition, the fishery department should also formulate minimum catch standards and maximum catch rates based on local actual conditions, so as to conduct more scientific and standardized management of forest frog reproduction and utilization activities. We encourage frog farmers to make technological innovations, explore all-artificial breeding technologies for forest frogs, and promote the sustainable and healthy development of the forest frog industry.
Question:As a proliferation fishery, forest frogs are closely related to the industrial development of wild resources. How to balance the protection and utilization of forest frogs?
Answer:To properly handle the relationship between protection and development is a major issue that must be resolved to promote the construction of ecological civilization and build a beautiful China. For forest frog protection and management, strengthening law enforcement and supervision, and cracking down on illegal activities such as sneak arrests and indiscriminate arrests are effective measures to promote resource protection and the development of industry standards. Therefore, the”Notice” requires local fishery departments to increase law enforcement and supervision, and effectively protect the forest frog resources.
One is to investigate and monitor forest frog resources and habitat conditions, and set up no-fishing areas and no-fishing periods according to actual needs.
The second is to strengthen the grassroots fishery law enforcement team and law enforcement capacity building, strengthen daily law enforcement supervision, clean up and rectify illegal activities such as”just catch but not feed” and destructive fishing methods such as electricity, drugs, and”big and small”.
The third is to actively strengthen communication and coordination with relevant departments. The protection and management of forest frogs is inseparable from the support and cooperation of public security, market supervision, customs and other departments. All localities should carry out joint special law enforcement actions in key areas and key periods, and give full play to the joint efforts of departmental law enforcement to improve the protection efficiency of forest frogs.
In addition, the protection of forest frogs also requires the participation of the whole society. The local fishery department must insist on group prevention and management, and guide social forces to supervise by setting up whistle-blowing calls, extensive publicity and education, and strengthening cooperation with cooperatives and other mass organizations. , Participate in forest frog protection.
Question:After the forest frog industry is clearly classified as a proliferation fishery, how will it be approved and managed?
Answer:According to the national “decentralization, regulation and service” reform related deployment requirements, combined with the characteristics of the forest frog industry and the specific conditions of each region, the”Notice” stipulates the key points of the forest frog special (concession) fishery fishing license. On this basis, it can be further refined according to local conditions.
The applicant shall apply to the fishery authority at or above the county level in accordance with the procedures in accordance with the main points of the application and the detailed requirements formulated by the province. According to the”Regulations on Fishery Fishing License Management”, taking full consideration of the actual situation and legitimate interests of the applicant, the forest frog special (chartered) fishery fishing license shall not exceed three years, and shall not exceed the operating site (ie. (Allowing places for multiplication) allowable use time limit. In accordance with the requirements for deepening the reform of decentralization, management and service, and the actual implementation of the license, the provinces can continuously optimize the processing procedures.