According to customs statistics, my country imported 3.373 million tons of dairy products in 2020, an increase of 10.2%over the previous year (the same below), valued at 86.58 billion yuan, an increase of 7%, and the average import price was 25.7 yuan per kilogram, a decrease of 2.9%. Among them, the import in December 2020 was 319,000 tons, a year-on-year increase of 20.2%, valued at 7.22 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4%, and the average import price was 22.6 yuan per kilogram, a decrease of 9.8%.
The main characteristics of my country’s dairy imports in 2020:the vast majority (91.5%) are imported through general trade, and the import volume growth rate is 13.4%. The European Union, New Zealand and the United States are the top three sources of imports. Among them, imports from the European Union and the United States increased by 15.8%and 55.1%, accounting for 39.7%and 8.4%, respectively; imports from New Zealand decreased by 0.6%, accounting for 37.6%. Among the specific imported categories, the import volume of milk powder decreased by 3.3%, accounting for 39%; the import volume of”unconcentrated and unsweetened milk and cream” 1 increased by 16.8%, accounting for 30.8%; the import volume of whey increased 38%, accounting for 18.5%.
Preliminary analysis, the main reason for the increase in my country’s dairy imports in 2020:
First, the restoration of domestic pig farming on a large scale has driven the rapid increase in the import of feed whey. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, by the end of 2020, the number of live pigs and breeding sows in my country will increase by 31%and 35.1%respectively from the end of the previous year2. The production of live pigs has continued to recover quickly, driving a rebound in the demand for feed whey. In 2020, my country’s whey imports will increase by 38%, which will drive an increase of 5.6 percentage points in dairy imports during the same period. According to customs investigations, it is mainly due to the increase in feed whey imports.
The second is the release of the potential of the domestic dairy product consumer market. The publicity and education of epidemic prevention and control has made domestic consumers pay more attention to dietary nutrition and immunity, which has driven the increase in demand for dairy products. At the same time, home isolation has boosted the demand for baking raw materials such as cream and cheese. In 2020, the increase in my country’s imports of”unconcentrated and unsweetened milk and cream” will drive a 4.9%increase in dairy imports over the same period.
1. Statistical caliber:HS0401
2.”National Bureau of Statistics:The number of live pigs at the end of 2020 increased by more than 30%over the end of the previous year”, Phoenix.com, January 18, 2021 div>