Inosmi website quoted French media reports on April 14 that Russia’s ban on the import of European food and the implementation of an active agricultural policy have effectively promoted the country’s agricultural production and modernization.
In recent years, Russian agriculture has made great progress. In 2017, Russia surpassed Ukraine to become the world’s largest grain exporter. With continuous development of wheat, corn, barley, buckwheat, pork, poultry and dairy products, agriculture has entered the”golden age”.
For Russia, which has experienced the collectivization of agriculture and the disintegration of the Soviet Union, this achievement is not easy. In 2014, Russia banned the import of food and agricultural products from Europe, which provided an impetus to promote Russian agricultural production. Russia’s trade representative in France, Makarov, said that countermeasures against Europe provide development opportunities for Russia’s agricultural development, and Russian products have filled the market vacancies. In the past five years, Russian pork production has increased by 30%.
In addition to vigorously developing production, the Russian government has also invested a lot of money in agricultural modernization. In 2021, it plans to invest 77 billion rubles (about 1 billion US dollars) in the implementation of agricultural development plans (concessional loans, tax loans, subsidies, etc.) , And will provide special logistics subsidies to support exports. Experts say that large Russian agricultural companies own about 50%of agricultural land, and milk production companies own 50,000 cows. Russia’s production structure is completely different from that of France. Russian agriculture is mostly operated by large enterprises, while France is operated by small farm cooperatives. Benefiting from the advantages of the operating structure, the Russian government’s support measures can achieve good results.
After investing heavily in equipment updates and the selection of high-quality seeds, the Russian agro-industrial holding company has chosen autonomous harvesters, drones and satellites for land observation, and extensive use of new technologies such as connected sensors. The Russian government pays close attention to technical input in the agricultural sector, and launched the”Digital Agriculture” national project in 2019, and provided financing of up to 50%for the above-mentioned technical costs.