Analysis of the production and sales situation of bulk freshwater products in Chongqing in the first quarter of 2021
By: Date: 2021-04-10 Categories: industrynews Tags: ,
  I. Production of aquatic products
   In the first quarter, the city’s aquaculture area was 83,000 hectares, and the output of aquatic products was 140,000 tons, a year-on-year increase of 18%. Among them, the cumulative production of aquatic products in the city from January to February 2021 is 88,700 tons, an increase of 36.29%compared with 65,100 tons in the same period last year.
   Due to the severe epidemic in February 2020, aquatic product consumption confidence is insufficient, and aquatic products are seriously pressing on the pond. In the same period of this year, the epidemic situation was controlled stable, production and life became normal, demand for aquatic products was strong, and the output of aquatic products increased significantly, and the output basically returned to the normal level of previous years. The 30 key aquaculture companies monitored by Chongqing listed 598 tons in February.
  Second, market operation characteristics
   In the first quarter, the prices of various types of bulk freshwater products monitored nationwide, Hubei and Chongqing increased month-on-month and year-on-year across the board (see Table 1.); Chongqing wellhead market transaction volume remained flat month-on-month.
Analysis of the production and sales situation of bulk freshwater products in Chongqing in the first quarter of 2021image
   In the first quarter year-on-year, the prices of various types of monitored bulk freshwater fish have risen to varying degrees. Among them, the average wholesale price of Chongqing Wellhead and the average wholesale price of Hubei increased the most, reaching 31%. Except for the slight increase in the overall average retail price in Chongqing, the prices of other types have increased significantly year-on-year.
The comparison between the wholesale prices of bulk aquatic products in Chongqing and Sichuan is shown in Table 2.
Analysis of the production and sales situation of bulk freshwater products in Chongqing in the first quarter of 2021image(1)
   The total transaction volume of Chongqing Wellhead Aquatic Products Wholesale Market in the first quarter of 2021 was 21,345 tons, an increase of 1,826 tons over the same period last year, an increase of 9.35%.
  3. The quantity and price of aquatic products of the key large-scale aquaculture enterprises in the city
   Starting from February, we have carried out key scheduling on the volume and price of 31 large-scale aquaculture enterprises in the city. Monitoring shows that the output of bulk aquatic products of 31 key scale aquaculture enterprises in February was 597.9 tons, and the average pond price was 17 yuan/kg. Among them, the prices of silver carp and bighead carp in large water surface reservoirs are 10 yuan/kg and 17.1 yuan/kg, respectively, which are 19%and 12.8%higher than those of silver carp and bighead carp cultured in ordinary ponds. The prices of ordinary grass carp, lean grass carp, and crispy meat carp are 15.1 yuan/kg, 40 yuan/kg and 50 yuan/kg, which basically reflects the market law of high quality and high price.
   The output of other varieties of 31 key large-scale aquaculture enterprises in February were:232.1 tons of black snakehead, 50 tons of sturgeon, 36 tons of Chinese barb, 36.3 tons of redfish, 31 tons of sea bass, and the price was 23.9 yuan/kg, 27.7 yuan/kg, 26.7 yuan/kg, 42 yuan/kg, 26 yuan/kg.
 Analysis of the production and sales situation of bulk freshwater products in Chongqing in the first quarter of 2021image(2)
  Four. Reasons for price trends
   The reasons for the increase in fish prices in February were that due to factors such as environmental protection policies, epidemics, climate, rainstorms and floods, the area of ​​large-scale freshwater fish farming decreased, and overall production decreased, leading to an increase in fish prices in major producing areas; Rising commodity prices have driven up feed prices, leading to increased breeding costs and increased fish prices; third, compared with the prices of related agricultural products such as pork and vegetables, the price of freshwater fish has been operating at a low level for a long time and has a strong upward momentum.

  5. Situation prediction
  It is expected that in March, the price of aquatic products still has room for a slight increase from the previous month. First, because the amount of commercial fish storage ponds in various places has decreased significantly, the contradiction between supply and demand has begun to appear; second, the continuous increase in feed prices has promoted the increase in aquaculture costs; third, the temperature rise After high, transportation costs have increased.
  VI. Policies and recommendations
   The first is to strengthen spring management. The temperature and water temperature continue to rise in March. The feeding frequency and bait rate should be adjusted according to the water temperature changes. At the same time, combining the water quality and fish activity conditions, timely activation of aeration facilities to maintain high water solubility The second is to strengthen the prevention and control of fish diseases in spring to prevent the occurrence of fish diseases such as water mold, red skin, vertical scales and enteritis; the third is to rationally arrange the breeding species according to the market price and supply and demand; the fourth is to carry out seedling fish pond drying Pond, clean up and prepare for seedling cultivation.