Ten highlights of fishery and fishery administration in 2020
By: Date: 2021-03-06 Categories: chinesefood Tags: ,
   In 2020, the national fishery and fishery administration system will thoroughly study and implement Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the 19th Second Middle School and the Third Middle School In the spirit of the Fourth and Fifth Plenary Sessions, vigorously implement the strategy of rural revitalization, effectively implement the Central Rural Work Conference, Central Document No. 1 and the National Agriculture and Rural Department Directors’ Meeting and other relevant decisions and deployments, continue to promote high-quality fishery development, and highlight the highlights of fishery and fishery administration. Varied.


   take multiple measures to ensure stable production and supply of aquatic products

  In the face of the sudden new crown pneumonia epidemic, the national fishery and fishery administration system is in accordance with the central decision and deployment, and resolutely regards the stable production and supply of”vegetable basket” products as the most urgent and important politics The task is solid and detailed. The first is to carry out monitoring and dispatching of aquatic product production, market, processing, trade, fishing industry production, etc., to timely understand the situation of fishery production, market circulation and aquatic product pressure in various places, and to highlight the problem of pressure pond. The second is to select 120 aquatic product processing companies from across the country to establish a”point-to-point” contact mechanism, and coordinate with relevant industry associations and local fishery authorities to take effective measures to fully promote the resumption of work and production. The third is to issue the”Spring Aquaculture Technology Operation Guide” and”Rice Fishery Comprehensive Planting and Raising Technology Operation Guide”, and use the national industrial technology system and other experts to guide the development of healthy aquaculture and disease prevention and control work in various places. The fourth is to promote the inclusion of aquatic products in the scope of daily necessities guarantee for epidemic prevention and control, and 14 aquatic products enterprises are included in the list of national key guarantee enterprises. To give full play to the role of the”reservoir” of processing, purchasing and storage, Guangdong, Hainan and other places have introduced temporary aquatic product purchasing and storage policies, and through emergency purchasing and storage rewards and compensation policies, effectively solving the problem of aquatic products overstocking and unsalable sales. The fifth is to open a national aquatic product production and sales docking platform, release national aquatic product supply and demand information, and promote the docking of production and sales. Launched the”I’m Fighting Big Order for Hubei-Hubei Aquatic Products Direct Sales Cloud Shopping Conference”, with a turnover of more than 700 million yuan.


   successfully launched a ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River

   The”Ten-Year Ban on Fishing” on the Yangtze River is a major decision and deployment made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core for the overall plan and for future generations. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs regards the Yangtze River fishing ban as a major political task, takes the lead in implementing it, improves the coordination mechanism involving the participation of 12 departments, sets up special cross-departmental work teams, and conducts in-depth research and deployment for many times. Efficient organization and implementation in various regions along the Yangtze River has established a work pattern of central planning, departmental coordination, provincial general responsibility, and city and county implementation.

   After a concentrated effort in 2020, all fishing boats and fishermen in the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin have completed their retreat tasks, allowing boat recovery, license cancellation, and people’s landing; fishermen’s resettlement security has been further promoted , To implement all social security guarantees, and employment assistance should help; strengthen law enforcement and supervision, and work with the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration of Market Supervision and the “three provinces and one city” of the Yangtze River Estuary to carry out special rectification actions against illegal fishing in the Yangtze River Basin to crack down on the market Three special rectification actions, namely the Special Action on Illegal Fishing in the Yangtze River Basin and the Special Action on Illegal Fishing in the Yangtze Estuary, have achieved remarkable results. On December 31, 2020, Vice Premier Hu Chunhua attended the comprehensive launch of the”Ten-Year Ban on Fishing” in the Yangtze River, announcing that the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin will be fully implemented for a 10-year ban from 0:00 on January 1, 2021, and the protection of aquatic organisms in the Yangtze River will be started. New journey.


  A new breakthrough in the promotion of aquatic healthy breeding

   launches the”Five Actions” for green and healthy aquaculture farming, focusing on promoting ecological and healthy farming models, reducing the amount of drugs used in aquaculture, replacing juvenile fish with compound feed, and aquatic seed industry Five aspects, including quality improvement and promotion of aquaculture tail water treatment model, will comprehensively improve the level of green development of the aquaculture industry. The fisheries authorities of all provinces across the country have attached great importance to them and have responded positively. 36 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities have issued supporting implementation plans, carefully classified guidance, organized special training, and actively raised funds to provide guarantee for the development of the action. After a year of hard work, the total number of promotion bases for various actions has reached 926, far exceeding expectations. A batch of replicable and extendable green development models have been formed, in order to explore healthy aquaculture recipes and promote high-quality aquaculture industry. Development has played a positive role.


  The tidal flat space of important aquaculture waters in the country is basically delineated

  The tidal flat planning of aquaculture waters is the basis for the development of the aquaculture industry and an important starting point to protect the legal rights and interests of aquaculture production space and producers. In 2016, the Ministry initiated a new round of preparation of tidal flat planning for aquaculture waters. In 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued the”Notice on Further Regulating and Promoting the Issuance and Registration of Tidal Flat Aquaculture in Waters”, requiring all localities to speed up the compilation and release of tidal flat planning and breeding in aquaculture waters. The intensity and progress of the issuance of certificates ensure that the three-level planning of the province, city, and county is fully completed and issued by the end of the year, so as to achieve full coverage of the plan. In strict accordance with the requirements of the”Regulations for the Compilation of Tidal Flat Planning for Aquaculture Waters” and the”Outline for the Compilation of Tidal Flats for Aquaculture Waters”, all localities delineate the forbidden, restricted, and aquaculture areas in accordance with the law, and clarify the types, geographical locations and types of tidal flats of waters allowed to be used for aquaculture. Scope, and resolutely correct the behavior of replacing spatial planning with industrial development planning. At present, a total of 257 prefecture-level and 1544 county-level people’s governments have promulgated and implemented the tidal flat plan for aquaculture waters at the same level, and issued 130,000 copies of the Water Tidal Flat Aquaculture Certificate. The registered water area and tidal flat area is about 4.415 million hectares, which is a stable fishery. It has laid a solid foundation for the development of basic aquaculture waters, safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of aquaculture fishermen, and promoting the green development of the aquaculture industry.


  Intensity control of offshore fishing and construction of fishing vessel equipment have achieved remarkable results

   During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the state has invested a total of more than 12 billion yuan to vigorously promote the reduction and conversion of marine fishing fishermen’s vessels and the renewal and transformation of fishing vessels. At present, various tasks have gone smoothly. carry out. Statistics show that during the”Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, the total number of offshore fishing vessels nationwide has been reduced by more than 45,000, and the total power has been reduced by more than 2.08 million kilowatts. The reduction task of 20,000 ships and 1.5 million kilowatts has been exceeded. A total of more than 16,000 offshore fishing vessels across the country have been renovated, and the overall structure of the fishing vessels and their safety and environmental protection levels have also been significantly optimized and improved. Compared with the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, the proportion of offshore resource-friendly fishing tackle-operated fishing vessels in my country has increased by more than 145%, while the proportion of trawl-operated fishing vessels with poor selectivity has decreased by nearly 10%; good safety and environmental performance The proportion of steel and glass fiber reinforced plastic fishing boats increased from 32.6%to 52.6%, while the proportion of traditional wooden fishing boats decreased from 67.5%to 46.4%; the proportion of fishing boats less than 10 years old increased from 11.7%to 33.7%, while the old The proportion of old fishing boats dropped from 67.7%to 40.6%.


   implements the first independent fishing moratorium on the high seas

   On the basis of expert suggestions, in-depth research and demonstration, and extensive consultation, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will conduct the first trial of an autonomous fishing moratorium on the high seas in 2020. All squid production vessels operating in the closed fishing areas of the Southwest Atlantic and the East Pacific must be evacuated during the three-month fishing moratorium, involving more than 60 ocean-going fishery companies and more than 600 ocean-going fishing vessels. With the joint efforts of local agricultural and rural departments, industry associations and ocean-going fishery companies, through strengthening publicity and implementation, and strengthening monitoring and supervision, the fishing moratorium measures have been effectively implemented. Except for a few special circumstances that need to pass through the closed fishing area, no illegal fishing has occurred. This independent fishing moratorium is a major measure taken by me to actively fulfill my diligence obligation to conserve fishery resources in the international high seas. It demonstrates my firm determination to implement the concept of”Community of a Shared Future for the Ocean” and promote the long-term sustainable development of global marine fisheries. It demonstrates my commitment. The good image of a responsible fishery country has been highly recognized and praised by the international community.


   Properly solve the problem of cross-management related to amphibians and reptiles

   In 2020, for some amphibians and reptiles with overlapping management, long breeding history, and large artificial breeding scale, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will organize experts from the Forest and Grass Bureau In-depth study and demonstration, and jointly issued the”Notice on Further Regulating the Protection and Management of Frogs”, clarifying that the five species of frogs, including the black spotted frog, spiny-breasted frog, spiny-bellied frog, Chinese forest frog (Northeast forest frog), and Heilongjiang forest frog, shall be Animal management. At the same time, advance the revision of the national key protected wildlife list, which has been officially released after the approval of the State Council, and adjusted the land and water management of rare and endangered amphibians and reptiles such as tiger frogs and Chinese alligators. Through the above work, the problem of long-term management divisions of frogs and other amphibians and reptiles has been solved, and the status and requirements of related species management have been further clarified, which will help promote the protection of related species more scientifically and rationally, and improve the pertinence of protection management And effectiveness.


   publishes the”White Paper on China’s Offshore Fisheries Performance” for the first time

   On the occasion of World Fishery Day on November 21, 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs publicly released the”White Paper on China’s Offshore Fisheries Performance” for the first time. The white paper mainly introduces my country’s implementation of the obligations of flag states, port states and market states in accordance with international law, implementation of offshore fisheries supervision, and various systems and measures to promote the scientific conservation and sustainable use of fishery resources. Scientific support, international cooperation, infrastructure and capacity building carried out by fishery management. The release of the white paper fully demonstrates China’s offshore fisheries’ responsible image of adhering to the path of green and sustainable development, dedicating to scientific conservation and sustainable use of fishery resources. It has received wide acclaim from all walks of life at home and abroad, and is conducive to the international community’s full understanding of China’s offshore fisheries The principled positions of management, policy measures, and the effectiveness of contract implementation guide the shaping of an objective and fair international public opinion environment.


   Fishery Policy Liangjian has achieved remarkable results in law enforcement

   highlights the ban on fishing in the Yangtze River, summer fishing closure in the ocean, foreign-related fishery management, protection of aquatic wildlife, clean-up and ban on fishing-related”three noes” ships and”no household nets”, etc. 9 key tasks, organize and implement special law enforcement, and severely crack down on violations of laws and regulations. A total of 1.792 million law enforcement personnel were dispatched from various places, and more than 41,900 cases of violations of laws and regulations were investigated and dealt with, a year-on-year increase of 29.16%; 55,100 law-breaking personnel were seized, a year-on-year increase of 27.61%. Publishes ten typical cases of violations of fishery laws and regulations, pushes more than 900 news about fishery law enforcement work in real time through the”China Fishery Administration” public WeChat account, and launches the China fishery administration report acceptance platform, accepts 5,624 reported cases and supervises 286 cases. At the same time, significant progress has been made in the construction of the fishery legal system and the construction of law enforcement teams. The Fisheries Law (Revised Draft) has been submitted to the State Council for deliberation. Promulgated the”Opinions on Punishment of Illegal Fishing and Other Crimes in the Yangtze River Basin in accordance with the Law”,”Fisheries Law Enforcement Work Regulations (Interim)”,”Regulations on the Listing Supervision of Major Fisheries Illegal and Violation Cases”,”Illegal Fishing Cases Recognition (Appraisal) and Determination of Aquatic Organisms” A series of supporting regulations such as the Measures for Assessment and Repair of Resource Damage (for Trial Implementation), and the Guiding Standards for Equipping of Fishery Law Enforcement Equipment. 5143 fishery law enforcement officers passed the unified national examination for the law enforcement qualifications of fishery administrative law enforcement officers. 13,000 fishery law enforcement officers were trained, and 78 excellent standard case files were selected.


  The reform of the fishery mutual protection system is proceeding steadily

   In 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission have fully studied and demonstrated, and determined the reform idea of ​​”spin off the insurance business of the association and set up a professional insurance agency to take over”, forming a fishery mutual aid The reform plan of the insurance system system shall be submitted to the State Council for approval. In accordance with the overall reform plan, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, in conjunction with the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission, issued guidelines to clarify the reform roadmap and advance the reform tasks in stages and batches to ensure that fishermen’s risk protection is kept on file and not weakened during the reform period. A few days ago, the State Council approved the national fishery mutual insurance agency to be named”China Fishery Mutual Insurance Agency” and registered with the General Administration of Market Supervision. The newly established China Fishery Mutual Insurance Co., Ltd. and the provincial (municipal) fishery mutual insurance institutions, as financial and insurance institutions under the unified supervision of the national insurance industry, will build a fishery mutual insurance system that is shared, governed and shared by fishermen members, which can be more efficient and more efficient. Provide risk protection for the broad masses of fishermen in a standardized manner, and continue to be a powerful starting point for fishery safety management and disaster prevention and mitigation work.

  Source:Fisheries and Fisheries Administration