District health administrative departments, various medical and health institutions, and municipal disease control centers:
From February to May of each year is the peak period of poisoning of toadstools, puffer fish and other animals and plants. In order to effectively prevent poisoning of toadstools, puffer fish and other animals and plants, improve residents’ food safety awareness, and safeguard people’s health and life safety According to the actual situation of our city, the following work requirements are proposed, please implement them carefully:
1. Increase attention and strengthen preventive inspections
2. All units should pay attention to the prevention and control of poisoning by toadstools, puffer fish and other animals and plants, establish normalized prevention and publicity, emergency treatment and other working mechanisms, and strive to reduce the occurrence of accidental poisoning by mispicking and eating wild animals and plants. All units must strengthen the daily inspections of their canteens, and prohibit the purchase and processing of wild mushrooms and other animals and plants to ensure the safety of their food.
Second, active publicity, improve safety awareness
All units shall conduct targeted prevention and publicity work based on food safety risk monitoring, food safety department risk exchange information, combined with the epidemiological characteristics of wild animal and plant poisoning. It can be combined with various activities such as Food Safety Promotion Week, National Healthy Lifestyle Action, etc., through traditional methods such as exhibition boards, posters, LED screens, and brochures, and new media platforms such as WeChat public accounts, Weibo, and Douyin. promotional activity.
The Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention must do a good job of propaganda and guidance, and publish propaganda guidelines according to the types of food poisoning with a high incidence of quarterly. For example, in spring and summer, it mainly publishes information on the prevention of toadstool and tetrodotoxin poisoning, and guides residents not to eat wild mushrooms, Pufferfish and other wild animals and plants; in summer and autumn, prompt warnings about the risk of rhabdomyolysis caused by eating crayfish should be released in time. It is also necessary to treat various types of poisoning due to insufficient cooking of legumes (green beans, lentils, cat beans, etc.) caused by saponin poisoning, as well as various types of poisoning caused by cyanogenic glycosides such as cassava roots, bitter almonds, bitter peach kernels, etc. Carry out preventive propaganda.
3. Firmly implement and strengthen foodborne disease surveillance
All monitoring units shall strengthen the monitoring of food-borne diseases, and report cases or suspected cases of food-borne diseases in a timely manner. CDCs at all levels should strengthen the use of monitoring data, and if clusters of cases are discovered, they must conduct timely verification and conduct epidemiological investigations; if systemic and regional risks are discovered, they must promptly form a special report and submit it to the health administrative department at the same level. Set up.
Four. Strengthen training and do a good job in emergency treatment
All medical institutions should carry out targeted training to improve the ability to diagnose and treat wild animal and plant poisoning; once such an accident occurs, rescue and rescue should be organized in time to minimize the harm of poisoning accidents.
Zhuhai Municipal Health Bureau
March 1, 2021