Edible fungi raw materials in health food
By: Date: 2021-03-27 Categories: chinesefood Tags: ,
   edible fungi are rich in protein, polysaccharides, vitamins and other active ingredients. However, due to differences in species, origin, climate, cultivation methods, production and processing, etc. The different functional ingredients and contents make the edible fungi raw materials show different functions and mechanisms of action. Studies have shown that edible fungi have a long history of edible and medicinal use. They are high-quality food raw materials that integrate nutrition and health care. They have shown broad research prospects and potential application values ​​in the fields of health food and medicine.

   edible fungus is a general term for edible”mushroom” fungi. It has a wide variety of species and has a long history of edible and medicinal use. Its functional ingredients include polysaccharides Biologically active substances such as, terpenes and polyphenols have been widely cited as medicinal use by Chinese medicine since ancient times. Nowadays, raw materials of edible fungi are widely used in clinical medicine, cosmetics, medicines, and health foods. At present, domestic and foreign researchers have conducted in-depth research in the research of edible fungi’s biologically active ingredients, extraction and purification technology, and pharmacological clinical research. Edible fungi raw materials are commonly used in health foods, and they play an important role and position in the research and development of health foods in my country.

  1. The application of edible fungi raw materials in health food span>

  1. List of fungal species that can be used in health food

   fungal health food refers to products with specific functions produced by the fruiting bodies or mycelium of edible large fungi and small filamentous fungi. Fungal health food must be safe and reliable, that is, safe to eat, non-toxic and harmless, and the biological, genetic and functional characteristics of the production fungus must be clear and stable. In 2001, the former Ministry of Health released a list of fungal strains that can be used in health food. There are 11 species in total (Table 1). The fungal strains outside the list cannot be used in health food.

  2. List of items that are both food and medicine

   Among the health food raw materials, the only edible fungi that are both food and medicine are Poria (entered the list in 2002) and Lingzhi (January 2020″National Health Food Letter” [2019] No. 311″ released for public comments). Both are fungi of the Polyporaceae family. The former is the dried sclerotia of Poria and the latter is the fruit body of Ganoderma lucidum. Both belong to traditional Chinese medicine in my country. They can also be used as edible fungi and are widely used in health foods.

  3. General food

  Ordinary food raw materials have a long history of consumption and are extremely safe. Therefore, they can be used as health food raw materials. Common edible fungi foods used in health food include edible fungi items listed in the”China Food Ingredient List”, new edible fungi food raw materials listed in the common food management, and edible fungi raw materials with a long history of consumption (table 1). Such raw materials can be directly used in health foods, and their extracts (water extraction, alcohol extraction) can also be used as raw materials for health foods, such as Tremella polysaccharides, mushroom extracts, morel fruit body extracts, etc. However, when submitting the health food application materials, a detailed description of the extract production process and parameters must be provided. The alcohol extract also needs to have sufficient safety evidence to support its compliance with the requirements of health food for long-term consumption, safety and non-toxicity. At the same time, in order to ensure the safety and quality of ordinary food used in health food, scientific and reasonable technical requirements must be formulated and meet the corresponding and latest food safety standards, especially the requirements for mycotoxins, pesticide residues and pollutants. . If there is no corresponding national standard, you can refer to industry standards, local standards and corporate standards.

  4. New food ingredients

  The new food ingredients include animals, plants and microorganisms without traditional eating habits. Regarding the declaration and application of new food raw materials for edible fungi, my country has extremely strict requirements for the implementation of the relevant legal system for its safety evaluation, which is mainly reflected in the identification reports of new or rare fungi and the safety evaluation of mycelium. These two aspects. At present, there are only three new food raw materials for edible fungi:Cordyceps militaris, fruiting bodies of Cordyceps from Guangdong, and fermented mycelium of Ribes cotyledon leaf layer fungi.

  Table 1 Types of edible fungus health food ingredients
Edible fungi raw materials in health foodimage

  5. Application status of edible fungi in health food

   searched in the “Special Food Information Inquiry Platform” of the General Administration of Markets and found that as of March 2020, the number of raw materials used in the approved health food for edible fungi in my country The top 9 species are:Ganoderma (911), Poria (685), Ganoderma lucidum (295), Paecilomyces hepisi (198), Shiitake (105), Saccharomyces cerevisiae (82) , Cordyceps militaris (56), Hiptera spores (47), Tremella (39) (Figure 1). In terms of declared functions, the most important ones are for immunity enhancement (approximately 50%of similar products). In addition, there are functions such as anti-oxidation, auxiliary protection against chemical liver injury, and alleviating physical fatigue. In terms of functional ingredients and iconic ingredients, edible fungus polysaccharides (about 50%), triterpenes, adenosine, etc. are more common. In terms of dosage forms, the majority are compound products. In addition, there are capsules, tablets, and oral liquids.

  Figure 1 Proportion of the top 9 edible fungi raw materials that are frequently used
Edible fungi raw materials in health foodimage(1)
   2. Influencing factors of the functional ingredients of edible fungi

  1. Origin and variety

   There are many types and wide distribution of edible fungi, and there are many factors affecting their growth. Different edible fungi may cause the functional components of edible fungi due to geographical location, climate and environment. difference. Guo Jinying et al. [3] compared the differences in polysaccharides, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, triterpenoids, and ash content among different varieties of Ganoderma lucidum in Shandong, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, and Hebei. The polysaccharide content of Ganoderma lucidum is about 0.53%to 3.05%, the triterpene content of Ganoderma lucidum is about 0.47%to 1.47%, and the ash content of Ganoderma lucidum is about 1.47%to 14.69%. The varieties with the highest content of the three are from Yi County, Hebei; The crude protein content of Ganoderma lucidum is about 7.52%-32.05%, and the crude fat content of Ganoderma lucidum is about 5.91%-15.70%. The varieties with the highest content of both come from Liangshan, Shandong; the crude fiber content of Ganoderma lucidum is about 13.45%~38.41%, the highest content. The variety of Ganoderma lucidum comes from Guanxian County, Shandong Province. In this experiment, the Ganoderma lucidum varieties collected in Hebei and Shandong have high nutrient value, which may be inseparable from the geographical environment and climatic conditions of the two provinces. Zhang Ming et al. found that the broken Ganoderma lucidum spore powder in the Dabie Mountain production area has a higher bulk density and bulk density, indicating that the gap between the powder is small, and it is suitable for compression into tablets and filling into capsules for processing; In this experiment, in Shandong Province, Shandong Province, Wuyi Mountain, and Changbai Mountain, the crude polysaccharide content is higher and the antioxidant activity is the strongest. Therefore, in the research and development of health foods, it is possible to select the appropriate origin and variety of raw materials for the required functional ingredients, dosage forms, etc., which will be more conducive to the stability of product quality.

  2. Training method

  Different cultivation methods, cultivation techniques and treatment methods also have a certain impact on the nutrition and functional components of edible fungi. The cultivation substrate of Ganoderma lucidum in my country is mainly segment wood, which has a hard texture and rich wood nutrition. The obtained Ganoderma lucidum spore powder has high active components, so it is widely used. Meng Nannan and others studied the differences in nutrient content of the fruit body and broken spore powder of different cultivation methods and different regions of the section and substitute Ganoderma lucidum in Shandong Province, and the results showed that the unsprayed Ganoderma lucidum cultivated in the section trees produced in Jinan in 2017 had a higher level. In the crude fat content, each group of Ganoderma lucidum broken spore powder is about 10 times higher than the content of each group of fruiting bodies; the total sugar content of each group of broken Ganoderma lucidum spore powder is higher than that of each group of fruiting bodies, and each group of fruiting bodies The content of reducing sugar in the group was higher than that of the broken spore powder groups. In this experiment, ganoderic acid a and b in the broken ganoderma spore powder were not detected, but the content of ganoderic acid a in each treatment group of the fruit body was about 208.767~349.266 mg/kg The highest content is Ganoderma lucidum which has been sprayed and planted in Guanxian County in 2016; the content of ganoderic acid b is about 277.6~396.3 mg/kg, and the highest content is the tender Ganoderma lucidum produced in Jinan in 2017. Some scholars have explored the effects of 7 grain culture media of rice, oats, corn ballast, buckwheat, black beans, soybeans, and peanuts on the production of Ganoderma lucidum and Cordyceps militaris. The results show that the two edible myceliums are on 7 grain culture media. Both can grow, among which the black bean medium is the most suitable for the production of Ganoderma lucidum mycelium, and the buckwheat medium is the most suitable for the growth of Cordyceps militaris. According to Xinjiang’s unique ecological conditions and production environment, Nurmaimat et al. carried out research on the best medium formula for artificial cultivation of Cordyceps militaris. The results showed that rice medium (20 g/bottle) or (rice 12 g + wheat 6 The quality of Cordyceps militaris mycelium and fruit body is the best, and the net profit obtained is also higher. Studies have also shown that the fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris, which are inoculated and cultured with Cordyceps militaris strains, contain high levels of adenosine, cordycepic acid, cordyceps polysaccharides, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and other functional components.

  3. Production and processing methods

  ’s production process is very important for the protection and function of the functional ingredients of edible fungi. Improper processing techniques may lead to the inactivation of the functional ingredients. Achieve the proper health care function. In order to standardize the initial processing of Poria cocos, Qiu Xiaoyan et al. carried out a parameter study on the optimal time for the steaming and processing of Poria cocos and Poria cocos. The results showed that with the extension of steaming time, the extract of Poria cocos, the content of total triterpenes, water-soluble polysaccharides, The total triterpene content of Poria cocos bark gradually increased to the highest at 60-180 min, and gradually decreased after 180 min; the content of Poria cocos bark extract and water-soluble polysaccharides reached the highest level at 60-150 min, and then gradually decreased afterwards; steaming Time has little effect on the alkali-soluble polysaccharide content of Poria cocos and Poria cocos bark. Starting from the actual production, it is recommended that the steaming processing time be 180 min. Xu Jin et al. investigated the effect of ethanol concentration on the extraction of Ganoderma lucidum triterpenoids and found that the quality and efficacy of Ganoderma lucidum triterpenes that were produced by the production of prostat-inhibiting ganoderma triterpenes were the best. In order to provide certain spray drying technical guidance for the fermentation broth of Paecilomyces hepipiens of the pilot scale and above, Deng Chenchen and others carried out the optimization study of the process parameters, and obtained the inlet temperature, the density of the fermentation broth, the rotation speed of the constant flow pump and the rotation speed of the atomizer. The optimal parameters of the powder are 170℃, 1.08 g/cm3, 55 r/min and 20 000 r/min. The quality and physical and chemical indexes of the dried bacterial powder obtained under these conditions are better.

   3. The health function of edible fungi in health food

  1. Enhance immunity function

   Wang Silu and other studies have shown that edible fungus polysaccharides play an important and diverse role in immune regulation. The immune mechanism includes:changing the number of T cells and Its proportion is used to regulate the body’s cellular immune response; as an immune enhancer to increase the body’s antibody level and promote humoral immune function; to regulate the function of mononuclear phagocytes. Fang Leilei and other studies also showed that edible fungus polysaccharides can promote the expression of interleukins and other mRNA in RAW264.7 cells, and play an immunomodulatory effect. Some scholars believe that the immunomodulatory effect of edible fungi is also related to its rich germanium and selenium; with age, the body’s normal immune function will decline, while germanium can actively regulate the immune system function, and selenium protects the thymus. , Maintains the activity of immune lymphocytes, effectively promotes antibody production, and exerts immunity promotion function.

  Immunity-enhancing products account for the largest number of edible fungus health foods, and are used as raw materials of Ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma lucidum spore powder (oil) More. Li Li et al. studied the effect of Ganoderma lucidum spore powder on enhancing the immune function of mice. The results showed that the 0.33, 0.67, and 2.00 g/kg dose groups can all increase the proliferation of mouse spleen lymphocytes; the high dose group can also promote antibodies and serum Hemagglutinin is produced to increase the activity of natural killer (NK) cells and peritoneal macrophages. Xiao Ying et al. used high performance liquid chromatograms to establish 16 batches of tuckahoe polysaccharide fingerprints and immune activity correlation analysis, and found that tuckahoe polysaccharides are mainly composed of 8 monosaccharides including mannose, galactose, and glucose. After different concentrations of tuckahoe polysaccharides stimulated mouse macrophages, it was found that the release of nitric oxide was positively correlated with the concentration, indicating that tuckahoe polysaccharides have a certain contribution to immune regulation. In addition, some scholars have found that both β-glucan and polysaccharides in Ganoderma lucidum can activate macrophages, accelerate the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and improve immune stimulation.

  Hepi Paecilomyces and Cordyceps militaris are also commonly used in the development of immune products. Fu Huiying and others observed the effect of Paecilomyces hepipialis on the immune function of mice and found that the dose of 3.0 g/kg Paecilomyces hepipialis can increase the phagocytic index and half hemolysis value of mice, and the proliferation of T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes. Ability and NK cell activity indicate that Paecilomyces hepipiens has an immunomodulatory effect. Some scholars have studied animal experiments and evaluations of Cordyceps militaris at 3 doses of 83.3, 166.7, and 333.3 mg/kg on cellular immunity in mice. The results found that medium and high doses can enhance Concanavalin-induced splenic lymphocyte proliferation and peritoneal macrocytosis. Cytophagy activity, delayed type allergy, and each dose group can enhance the carbon scavenging ability. Li Zhitao and other studies have found that Cordyceps militaris polysaccharide can promote the proliferation of mouse spleen cells, indicating that it has immunomodulatory activity.

   In addition, edible fungi can enhance immunity by influencing the transduction and activation of immune cell signals Ca2+, NO, cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine phosphate, etc. The role of force. Studies have shown that Flammulina velutipes polysaccharides, Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides, and Polyporus umbellatus polysaccharides can play an immunomodulatory function by promoting the differentiation of macrophages to release NO and other functions; Shimeji mushroom acid polysaccharides can improve the immune function of liver and kidney in immunocompromised mice; Grifola frondosa methanol extraction Polysaccharides from Hericium erinaceus can improve the immune activity of mouse macrophages and inhibit tumor growth. Xiong Chuan et al. extracted and determined that the long skirt bamboo fungus polypeptide can improve the phagocytic ability of macrophages by scavenging free radicals, promote the rapid secretion of the information transmitter NO and the expression of TLR, and exert an immunomodulatory effect.

  2. Auxiliary blood sugar lowering function

   Hyperglycemia is a metabolic disorder. Niu Jun et al. believe that the main mechanism of edible fungus to lower blood sugar is to regulate the balance of glucose and lipid metabolism; improve insulin resistance and repair pancreatic β Cell damage; to improve the body’s oxidative stress, and to eliminate the damage of pancreatic β-cells caused by free radicals. Xiao Chun et al. studied the mechanism of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides in lowering blood sugar. The results showed that edible fungus polysaccharides can reduce the fasting blood glucose level of type 2 diabetic mice by reducing the expression levels of key enzymes related to gluconeogenesis and glycolysis pathways. Lower blood sugar effect. Liu Yuntao et al. found that most edible fungi have high protein, carbohydrate and mineral content, while toxic metals, fats and energy are low. They are suitable for weight loss, vegetarians, and obesity-related people with high blood sugar and high blood pressure. It can inhibit the activity of in vitro model α-glucosidase, and improve the body’s antioxidant activity, and achieve the function of lowering blood sugar from multiple ways.

  Zhang Chen and other studies have shown that Hericium erinaceus polysaccharides can reduce the levels of aspartate aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen, and alanine aminotransferase in the serum of diabetic mice, and exert a hypoglycemic function . Wang J C [x1] et al. proved that the methanol extract of Hericium erinaceus at 100 mg/kg not only has a hypoglycemic effect on diabetic rats, but also reduces the increase rate of serum triglycerides and total cholesterol levels. Yuan Lijia and others found that Paecilomyces hepipiens powder can attenuate the islet and kidney damage in diabetic rats. Du Linna et al. proved through animal experiments that the extract of Paecilomyces hepipiens Cs-4 can significantly increase serum insulin, effectively reduce fasting blood glucose, triglycerides and serum cholesterol levels in diabetic mice, and has good blood sugar lowering and blood lipid regulation. It is speculated that the mechanism of lowering blood sugar is related to the function of Epac2/Rapl pathway to accelerate the secretion of insulin. At the same time, Hippophae spores mycelium can activate the autophagy pathway of the liver, remove lipid droplets and p62 protein accumulated in liver cells, resist liver inflammation and fibrosis, improve glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, etc., and inhibit high fat Metabolic syndrome induced by diet. In addition, Duan Yihan et al. combined with animal experimental studies found that Coprinus comatus polysaccharides can reduce blood sugar, blood creatinine, malondialdehyde, BUN, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in diabetic rats, increase serum insulin content and SOD activity, and have a great effect on diabetes. Rats have hypoglycemic and anti-oxidant effects.

  3. Antioxidant function

  Xiao Xingning and other studies have concluded that the main mechanisms of edible fungi’s antioxidant activity include scavenging free radical pathways, regulating antioxidant-related enzyme activities, chelating transition metal ions, and inhibiting MDA, lipid peroxide, etc. Maja et al. believe that the body’s oxidative damage is related to the production of oxygen by releasing electrons from the mitochondrial electron transport system, and edible fungi can exert important antioxidant properties due to their biologically active compounds (such as polyphenols, polysaccharides, vitamins, and carotenoids) These active ingredients are the main source of thioneine. Ergothione has a special role in protecting mitochondrial components from oxidative damage. Xiao Jianhui and other studies have shown that edible fungi can enhance the function of the immune system, promote the production of endogenous antioxidant enzymes, inhibit lipid peroxidation, and exert antioxidant effects.

The extraction temperature, extraction time, extraction times, and material-to-liquid ratio of    Lin Fan and others are 80℃, 3.1 h, 2 times, 1:41 ( g:mL) was extracted from Cordyceps militaris polysaccharide, and it was proved that when the mass concentration of the polysaccharide was 6 mg/mL, 1,1-diphenyl-2-trinitrophenylhydrazine had the strongest free radical scavenging ability; At a concentration of 8 mg/mL, the scavenging power of hydroxyl radicals is as high as 53.8%, the reducing power of iron ions is as high as 1.133[x2], and the total antioxidant capacity is 0.807. Chen Zihan and other studies found that Flammulina velutipes, Shiitake mushroom, seafood mushroom, Tea tree mushroom, Pleurotus eryngii and Pleurotus eryngii all have certain anti-oxidation and anti-tumor proliferation ability. Among them, Shiitake mushroom, tea tree mushroom, and Flammulina velutipes have strong antioxidant ability. Research by Shang Hongmei et al. showed that Shimeji mushroom acid polysaccharide can increase the body’s SOD and glutathione activity. In addition, lentinan, bolete polysaccharide, morel polysaccharide, and water-soluble anthocyanin pigments contained in wild red mushrooms in Yunnan have good effects on scavenging free radicals.

  4. Adjust the function of intestinal flora

  The intestinal flora is inseparable from the body’s immune function, so its health effects are becoming increasingly prominent. Cheng Mengya and others proved that polysaccharides play a major role in regulating the intestinal flora of edible fungi, and the main mechanism can be through adjusting the composition and structure of the intestinal flora, enhancing immune function, resisting diseases and protecting intestinal health. Yang Kai et al. studied the effects of oligosaccharides made from broken and unbroken Ganoderma lucidum spore powder on the intestinal flora, and found that both can increase the number of beneficial bacteria such as Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus, and promote short-chain The production of fatty acids stimulates intestinal peristalsis and has a good function of regulating the intestinal flora. Hericium erinaceus polysaccharide can increase the body’s colon and cecum short-chain fatty acid content, thereby maintaining intestinal health. Lentinan can increase the total content of short-chain fatty acids, gastrin, motilin and bifidobacteria in athletes, and play a role in regulating the health of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, Song Keyu and other studies have found that Poria can increase the number of bifidobacteria, have a better effect on regulating the health of the intestinal flora, and can be used as a prebiotic to effectively increase the number of probiotics.

  5. Relieving physical fatigue function

   Wang Huanhuan and others have explored the fatigue biochemical mechanism of Ganoderma lucidum spore powder to increase the level of glycogen in the liver and muscle of mice, and increase the energy reserve of mice; at the same time, reduce Blood sugar level slows down the accumulation rate of urea nitrogen, strengthens the body’s adaptability to load, and exerts anti-fatigue effect. Studies have shown that the mycelium of Paecilomyces hepipialis can maintain the balance of the environment and metabolism in the body by removing the accumulation of metabolites, and exert anti-fatigue and anti-anoxia effects. Jade fungus single raw material sports drink, Schizophyllum and Red mushroom water extract, all three can prolong the weight-bearing swimming time of mice, reduce the increase of serum BUN and blood lactic acid after exercise, and increase the content of liver and muscle glycogen, which is effective Relieve physical fatigue. In addition, Feng Jun conducted animal experiments on anti-sport fatigue of Flammulina velutipes polysaccharides and human trials. The results showed that it can effectively delay the accumulation of BUN and blood lactic acid in the blood, regulate the balance of body metabolism and energy supply, and relieve exercise fatigue.

  6. Liver protection function

   Wang Shumin and other studies have shown that the fermented mycelium of Pine fir Ganoderma lucidum can improve immune factors and SOD activity, and its rich ergosterol can be converted into VD2, thereby reducing liver fiber pathology The expression of matrix metalloproteinase, transforming growth factor, and MMP-9 in model mice play a role in protecting the liver from multiple ways. In addition, black fungus and its melanin, Yunzhi extract and its extracts, Cordyceps militaris polysaccharides can all reduce the serum ALT and AST levels in liver injury model mice, and increase the antioxidant activity and strengthen the scavenging effect of free radicals. Ways to play a role in protecting the liver.

  7. Improve sleep function

  Yu Ying et al. found through animal experiments that Ganoderma triterpene acid can shorten the sleep latency and effectively increase the sleep time of experimental mice with pentobarbital sodium, suggesting that Ganoderma lucidum III Terpenic acid has the function of helping sleep. In addition, Poria cocos polysaccharides have certain anticonvulsant effects, and can cooperate with pentobarbital sodium to prolong the sleep time of model mice, and play a hypnotic and sedative effect.

  4. The enlightenment of international edible fungus research on the research and development of health food in my country

   There are many varieties of edible fungi. The level of nutrients and the difference in active ingredients endow the diversity of their functions, and the research on the mechanism of action has become more abundant. Scholars have also conducted in-depth studies on the activity of the functional components of edible fungi. Park et al. found that Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide has anti-fibrosis effect on rats with liver cirrhosis caused by biliary obstruction. Studies by Min et al. showed that the triterpene component in Ganoderma lucidum spores has inhibitory activity on HIV-1 protease; Buko et al., the polysaccharides isolated from the mycelium of the white ghost pen mushroom, have been evaluated by in vitro cell experiments and animal function experiments. For immune regulation, they also added 10%mass fraction of white phalloidin polysaccharide to the ointment and smeared it on the wound of the rat skin, and found that compared with the original ointment, it significantly promotes wound healing, granulation tissue epithelial formation, shrinkage and growth The efficacy of the white ghost pen mycelium polysaccharide shows that the development of white ghost pen mycelium polysaccharides as a functional food and a new type of treatment and preventive drugs has a certain possibility.

   Drawing lessons from foreign research and combining with my country’s national conditions, it is necessary to expand the research on the types of edible fungi, deeply analyze and understand the mechanism of its action, so that it can be used in existing products. Make innovation and improvement. At the same time, due to the low price and strong efficacy, there are many related basic and applied researches on twin mushrooms abroad. Therefore, the price factor of raw materials should also be taken into consideration in research and development, and use “affordable” raw materials instead of more “high-end” raw materials. This function is not only conducive to the promotion of edible fungi varieties, but also conducive to consumers to obtain high-quality and low-cost products, which is more conducive to the positive development of my country’s edible fungi health food.

   edible fungus, as a relatively wide-ranging food material in my country, has the characteristics of rich variety, large output, good taste, unique flavor, multiple functional components, and high nutritional value. It not only It has improved the food shortage in our country, and at the same time has made great contributions to driving the development of the local economy. However, at present, the raw materials of edible fungus health food are mostly used for medicine and food, cordyceps, and the function claims are mostly focused on enhancing immunity. This is not conducive to the richness and innovation of my country’s edible fungus health food in the long run. In addition, some long-term edible fungi that are eaten as ordinary foods, such as Ganoderma lucidum, Poria, Shiitake, etc., should be accelerated as raw materials for filing health foods, and the filing management principles of health foods of various food forms should be promoted to enrich the health food categories. , To speed up the market speed of health foods produced from such raw materials.

   In addition, the added value of edible fungi raw materials has not been fully explored, the research on functional ingredients is not perfect, the degree of industrialization is still relatively low, and the industry lacks corresponding Supported by science and technology, there is no unified management system. Therefore, the further development and utilization of edible fungi raw materials in the future still requires a lot of work. Through comprehensive research at all levels and aspects, and the introduction of new technologies and methods to support the industrialization of edible fungi in China, it will be more scientific and efficient, and in consideration of national laws and policies. At the same time, we should also learn more from the latest dynamic research at home and abroad, and formulate a multi-material, multi-functional, multi-dose, and multi-innovative edible fungus health food that conforms to China’s national conditions, so that edible fungi raw materials can play a more It plays a major role in promoting the development of edible fungus raw material health food and the rapid development of the industry, and enhances the international competitiveness of China’s edible fungus raw health food.