What are formula foods for special medical purposes?
Since Hunter used a nasogastric tube for tube feeding to treat patients with swallowing muscle paralysis in 1790, and successfully created the first case of enteral nutrition therapy, medical researchers It is gradually recognized that enteral nutrition can play an important role in the treatment of certain kinds of diseases, and it has unique safety, effectiveness and convenience. Since the 1970s, formula foods for special medical purposes have been used in clinical adjuvant therapy in Europe, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries. Compared with intravenous nutrition, formula food for special medical purposes has the advantage that it does not require puncture or intubation, which greatly reduces the chance of infection and postoperative complications. Therefore, it plays a very important role in shortening hospitalization time and reducing treatment costs. Good effect.
my country’s definition of formula food for special medical purposes means to meet the special needs of nutrients or diet for people with restricted eating, digestion and absorption disorders, metabolic disorders, or specific disease states , Formula foods specially processed and formulated, including formula foods for infants with special medical purposes from 0 months to 12 months of age and formula foods for special medical purposes for people over 1 year old. This kind of food is different from ordinary food, health food and medicine. It needs to be used under the guidance of a doctor or clinical nutritionist. The user is a group of people who need special food management.
Do you know formula foods for special medical purposes
Under the background of the current high incidence of chronic diseases and diseases caused by imbalanced nutrition in my country, formula foods for special medical purposes have attracted much attention in the investment field. However, consumers do not have a high level of awareness of this. According to a public survey conducted by the China Nutrition and Health Food Association and Xinhua Food Channel, nearly 50%of the public do not know about special medical foods, but more than 80%of people said they want to learn about special medical foods. Food-related knowledge.
my country’s laws and regulations clearly stipulate that special medical foods should be used under the guidance of doctors or clinical dietitians, but in fact, some medical staff do not know enough about special medical foods. Adequately, the above-mentioned public survey on the questionnaires of doctors from all over the country shows that some doctors in pediatrics, surgery, nutrition and health care know or know special medical food, but doctors in internal medicine, ophthalmology, obstetrics and gynecology are almost unfamiliar.
Where can I buy formula foods for special medical purposes?
In developed countries, the sales channels of special medical food are mainly family and community pension institutions, supplemented by medical institutions. For example, a research report by Yano Economic Research Institute of Japan Co., Ltd. stated:In 2011, the market size of Japanese nutritional supplements was 36 billion yen, of which households accounted for 59.0%, hospitals accounted for 30.0%, and other health care communities accounted for 11.0%; liquid food market The scale is 62.9 billion yen, of which 3.0%are families, 58.0%are hospitals, and 39.0%are health care communities. my country’s current special medical food sales channels have not yet been established and mature, and some products are sold in pharmacies, supermarkets, and the Internet. However, due to the inability of special medical foods to enter the hospital diagnosis and treatment system, and market sales are faced with issues such as product awareness, consumer choice and compliance management, there are certain difficulties in the recognition of choice and use of special medical foods.
How to identify formula foods for special medical purposes
Developed countries have specific management requirements for special medical foods. The most direct and obvious way is to set exclusive special medical foods in the label. Marks, for example, based on the functional characteristics of special medical foods that are mainly used to meet special nutritional needs under specific disease conditions, the US FDA requires the words”Medical Food” to be marked on the labels of special medical products in the country to highlight the difference between the product and other foods. Essential characteristics. In Japan, a simpler and clearer graphic logo is adopted. The logo has a distinctive logo according to different product users (as shown in the figure below).
my country’s formula foods for special medical purposes are currently clearly marked with the category, registration number, and applicable population on the label. The China Nutrition and Health Food Association proposes to add specific signs for formula foods for special medical purposes in the future to facilitate recognition and distinction, while promoting popular science publicity, which is conducive to market supervision and further development of the industry.
Let’s get to know the currently approved formulas for special medical purposes.