, Rome, February 2, 2021-A report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) stated that the global fisheries and aquaculture industries have been severely affected by the new crown epidemic As the blockade measures affect the supply and demand of the entire industry, the situation in 2021 may be even more severe.
The thirty-fourth session of the Fisheries Committee convened by FAO on this report entitled”The Impact of COVID-19 on Fisheries and Aquaculture Food Systems” Focused discussion.
The report pointed out that affected by the epidemic prevention and control measures, fish supply, consumption and trade income are estimated to decline in 2020, and global aquaculture production is estimated to decrease by 1.3%Is the first time the industry has experienced a decline in years.
FAO Deputy Director-General Maria Helena Semedo said:“Due to production interruptions, supply chains are blocked, consumption is restricted by various blockades, and the epidemic has The fisheries and aquaculture industries have caused widespread shocks.”
”The epidemic prevention measures have caused profound changes, many of which may continue for a long time.”
Although the food itself does not cause people to contract COVID-19, the report emphasizes that every link in the fishery and aquaculture supply chain is vulnerable to epidemic prevention and control measures And be destroyed or suspended.
According to the fish price index calculation, the total price of most trade types in 2020 will decrease year-on-year. The closure of restaurants and hotels in many countries has also led to a decline in demand for fresh fish products.
Semedo’s Deputy Director-General said:“This has a great impact on developing countries, especially those with large informal sectors. Large-scale artisanal fishermen and their communities rely on fisheries for food security and livelihoods, and they are the first to be affected by prevention and control measures.”
FAO’s report points out that more and more evidence shows that in the aquaculture industry, unsalable products will lead to an increase in the backlog of live fish and increase breeding costs And the risk of death of live fish. Industries with long production cycles such as salmon cannot quickly adjust to changes in demand.
It is estimated that the global wild fisheries catch will also decline slightly in 2020 because of the overall epidemic-related restrictions and poor market conditions for fishing boat crews As a result, fishing operations have decreased.
Affected by the epidemic, consumer preferences have changed. On the one hand, the demand for fresh fish has weakened. On the other hand, as households hope to stock non-perishable foods, consumer demand for packaged and frozen products has increased.
Before the outbreak, the industry as a whole was on an upward trend. In 2018, global fishery and aquaculture production (excluding aquatic plants) reached a record high of nearly 179 million tons. The total output of capture fisheries was 96.4 million tons, accounting for 54%of the total, and the total output of aquaculture was 82.1 million tons, accounting for 46%. Over the past few decades, fish consumption has increased substantially, with per capita consumption exceeding 20 kg.
FAO calls for minimizing destructive border restrictions on food trade to ensure food security. The report calls on industry organizations and regional organizations to work together to do a good job in fishery and aquaculture management during the epidemic, and to adopt employment protection support measures to ensure that the industry can quickly recover without compromising sustainability.
Women who are food producers, processors, vendors, and caregivers are in a disadvantaged position. Therefore, the impact of the epidemic on women should also be considered. The government should provide fish Support women in the value chain.
Uncertainty in various aspects, especially the uncertainty of the duration and severity of the epidemic, continue to dominate the prospects of the fishery and aquaculture industry.
This year’s 34th Session of the Fisheries Committee will commemorate the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, a guideline adopted by FAO member countries. This landmark instrument has long provided guidance for the sustainable development of fisheries and aquaculture industries around the world.
In the face of the uncertainties brought by the epidemic and other issues to the fishery sector, the importance of the principles in the guidelines has never been more prominent to ensure the efficiency and sustainability of the fishery sector An important guarantee of sex.
The 34th Session of the Fisheries Committee