On February 22, the State Council Information Office held a press conference for comprehensively promoting rural revitalization and accelerating agricultural and rural modernization. Tang Renjian, director of the Central Agricultural Office and Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, stated at the press conference that yesterday, Xinhua News Agency was authorized to publish the”Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Comprehensively Promoting Rural Revitalization and Accelerating Agricultural and Rural Modernization”, which is the No. 1 Central Document in 2021. Since the beginning of the century, the central government has issued the 18th No. 1 document in succession, sending a”policy package” for the New Year of the Ox to the masses of farmers.
Tang Renjian introduced that this year’s No. 1 Central Committee document includes 5 parts and 26 articles. The main content can be summarized as”two must not be, two start well, and one comprehensively strengthen.”
The”two must not” means to consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation, and there must be no problems with food security. Emphasize the establishment of a transitional period to achieve an effective connection between the consolidation and expansion of the results of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and to ensure that the bottom line of no large-scale return to poverty is maintained. It is clearly required that all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) during the”14th Five-Year Plan” should stabilize the sown area of grain, increase the yield per unit area, and ensure that the grain output is stable at over 1.3 trillion catties.
”Two good start and good start” means that both agricultural modernization and rural modernization must start well. In terms of agricultural modernization, we will focus on solving the two key issues of seed and arable land, strengthen the support of modern agricultural technology and material equipment, focus on building a modern rural industrial system and a modern agricultural management system, and promote green agricultural development. In terms of rural modernization, with the implementation of rural construction activities as the starting point, a number of key projects and actions in rural human settlements, infrastructure and public services, rural consumption, and urban-rural integrated development within the county are deployed.
”One comprehensive strengthening” is to strengthen the party’s overall leadership of the”three rural” work. It puts forward clear requirements for improving the party’s rural work leadership system and working mechanism, strengthening the party’s rural grassroots organization construction and rural governance, and stressing the need to strengthen the protection of investment in agricultural and rural priority development.