Unknowingly, we have traveled to four continents’ dietary guide graphics. Apart from Antarctica, there are also Oceania and Africa. Considering that these two continents have fewer countries with dietary guidelines graphics, they were merged.
In Oceania, we only retrieved the dietary guide graphics of two countries. Australia uses a circular shape, while Fiji uses another form (pineapple) as the dietary guide graphics.
round (dinner plate)
The plate is divided into five parts of different sizes to display the Australian dietary guidelines. Each part corresponds to a food group. The plate visually shows the proportion of recommended foods per day. Restricted food and its products (such as oil, fat, alcohol, sugar, salt, etc.) are placed under the plate.
Fiji’s dietary guide is in the shape of a pineapple and is divided into seven parts. The center part of the graphic shows various recommended local foods. The remaining six parts surrounding the center each represent a recommendation, including breastfeeding, quitting smoking and restricting alcohol, giving children healthy food and snacks, drinking clean and safe water, exercising to maintain a healthy weight, and growing your own food.
Among the countries (regions) that have published dietary guide graphics in Africa, only Nigeria has adopted the pyramid, while South Africa, Namibia, Benin and Sierra Leone have adopted other interesting graphics.
Nigeria’s dietary guidelines pyramid is divided into five layers, corresponding to five types of food, the bottom is bread, cereals and tubers, followed by vegetables and fruits, and it is recommended to eat these two groups of foods at every meal. Eggs, fish, meat and dairy products are on the third layer, prompting proper intake. At the top of the pyramid are high-fat and high-added sugar foods recommended to limit intake. There is a glass of water outside the pyramid, it is recommended to”drink more water”.
South Africa (2012)
There are seven plates of different sizes in the graphic of South Africa’s dietary guidelines, representing different food groups. The grain group is in the center of the graph, surrounded by other food groups. The size of the plate of each group of food reflects the proportion of that group of food in the daily diet.
The graphic of Namibia’s dietary guide is like a lunch box. The four grids contain different foods, including grains, vegetables and fruits, animal foods and beans, as well as fats, oils and sugars. The larger the grid, the more recommended intake.
Benin’s dietary guide graphic is a five-story traditional thatched hut, representing five types of food, namely cereals or tubers, animal and plant protein foods, vegetables, fruits and dairy products. There is a bottle of water at the entrance of the cabin, indicating that you need to drink enough water every day.
Sierra Leone (2016)
Sierra Leone’s dietary guide graphic includes six types of food, which are classified according to the nutritional properties provided by the food and the availability of the food, rather than ranking according to the recommended serving size. They also represent foods that should be consumed at least once a day in the food group.
At this point, the journey of traveling around the world’s food guide graphics has come to an end.
From the final summary chart, we can see that in 91 dietary guide graphics, the proportions of countries (regions) that use pyramids, circles and other shapes as promotional graphics are 34 (37.36%) and 23 (25.28%). ) And 34 (37.36%). Moreover, the countries that use pyramids are mainly concentrated in Asia and Europe, while countries (regions) on other continents are more inclined to choose other distinctive shapes as propaganda graphics, which have obvious regional characteristics.
In addition, let’s take a look at the proportion of countries with dietary guidelines graphics in their continent. As can be seen from the figure, South America (83.3%), North America (73.9%) and Europe (74.4%) have a larger proportion of countries that have issued dietary guidelines graphics. More than half of Asian countries (52.1%) have issued dietary guidelines. However, only a small percentage of countries in Oceania (14.3%) and Africa (9.4%) have published dietary guidelines graphics. This also shows the popularity and importance of dietary guidelines in all continents of the world.