In order to objectively evaluate the development of modern urban agriculture in my country, on February 24, Shanghai Jiaotong University released the 2019 version of the “Report on the Development of Modern Urban Agriculture in China”. Evaluation of agricultural development level. The report comprehensively studies the development of modern urban agriculture in my country, and publishes the comprehensive development level, classification development index, and city cluster ranking of 35 large and medium-sized cities. It summarizes the ten typical urban modern agriculture models. The development trend of agriculture was prospected.
Executive Director of the Chinese Society of Agriculture, Director of the Key Laboratory of Urban Agriculture of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and Secretary of the Party Committee of the School of Agriculture and Biology of Shanghai Jiaotong University, Zhou Pei said that the report was Under the guidance of the Department of Market and Information Technology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, with the support of various provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, provincial capital cities, cities under separate state planning, and other urban modern agricultural management departments, an indicator evaluation of the national urban modern agricultural development level is carried out every two years. Objectively reflect the status quo of modern agricultural development in China’s large and medium cities. In addition, Shanghai Jiaotong University has started to compile the”China Urban Modern Agriculture Development Report 2021″.
The theoretical support system of urban modern agriculture disciplines is becoming more mature
The No. 1 Central Document in 2021 focuses on comprehensively promoting rural revitalization and accelerating agricultural and rural modernization. It is required to accelerate the formation of a new type of worker-peasant-urban-rural relationship featuring mutual promotion of workers and farmers, complementation between urban and rural areas, coordinated development, and common prosperity. It is pointed out that it is necessary to persist in solving the”three rural” issues as the top priority of the party’s work, and to comprehensively promote rural revitalization as the realization of the Chinese nation. A major task of the great rejuvenation is to accelerate the modernization of agriculture and rural areas with the efforts of the entire party and society, so that the majority of farmers can lead a better life. In an important speech at the 2020 Central Rural Work Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that at the historical juncture of marching towards the second centenary goal, consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation, comprehensively promoting rural revitalization, and accelerating the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, it is necessary for the whole party to be highly advanced. A major issue that concerns the overall situation. Urban modern agriculture is at the forefront of implementing the strategy of rural revitalization and is deeply affected by urban development and reforms. Especially in the context of normalized anti-epidemic conditions, the importance of serving the city has become more prominent. Under the new stage of development, urban modern agriculture will further play a leading role in the process of consolidating and expanding the results of poverty alleviation and effectively connecting with rural revitalization, and promoting the transformation of agriculture, rural areas and farmers to the track of high-quality development. In 2017, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs approved the establishment of a key laboratory of the National Urban Agriculture Discipline Group, which was undertaken by several universities and research institutes, and became an important part of the national agricultural science and technology innovation system. As a comprehensive key laboratory of the urban agriculture subject cluster, Shanghai Jiao Tong University gives full play to the multidisciplinary advantages of a comprehensive university, strengthens the leadership of party building, focuses on the new historical mission of the country’s”three rural” work, and focuses on the function and space of urban modern agriculture. Major key issues such as urban modern agriculture, structure, and model have formed the four-dimensional development theory of urban modern agriculture, formulated an evaluation index system for urban modern agriculture in China, constructed an urban modern agricultural database, established an urban modern agricultural evaluation think tank, and introduced modern theories and practices. The curriculum ideological and political education system has played a good guiding role in the development of urban modern agriculture and the cultivation of urban modern agricultural talents in China.
five major indicators highlight the effectiveness of my country’s urban modern agricultural development
The”Report” pointed out that the”China Urban Modern Agricultural Development Evaluation Index System (UASJTU)” includes the”vegetable basket” product guarantee capacity, agricultural ecology and sustainable development level , The level of integration of the three industries, the level of advanced agricultural production factors, and the level of modern agricultural management are five first-level indicators, covering a total of 23 second-level indicators. my country attaches great importance to the development of urban modern agriculture, has embarked on a road of development with unique Chinese characteristics, deeply promoted the coordinated development of agriculture and urban and rural economy and society, and has made remarkable achievements. At present, my country’s urban modern agriculture is developing strongly, and it has made important contributions to the development of urban-rural integration, and the value of various indicators has also increased year by year. my country’s large and medium-sized cities represented by municipalities directly under the Central Government, provincial capitals, and cities under separate state planning have shown good overall development momentum in urban modern agriculture. Cities will place the development of urban modern agriculture in the overall economic and social development of the overall arrangement, take the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy as the overall starting point, implement the new development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, and give full play to the endowment of agricultural resources and capital We will steadily promote the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, strengthen the integration of green development and tertiary industries, and promote the high-quality development of urban modern agriculture to a new level. During the”14th Five-Year Plan” period, my country’s urban-rural relations will become closer. It is necessary to expand and strengthen urban modern agriculture with a higher position and a larger pattern, combined with the requirements of the new development stage, and continue to place urban modern agriculture in the big picture. Urban and rural economic and social development has a more prominent position. In the historical intersection of the”two centenary” goals and the new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, urban modern agriculture should combine the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy and the general requirements for the high-quality development of modern agriculture to continuously improve industrial development. The level of modernization is radiating new vitality at a new historical starting point.
Urban Modern Agriculture Development Index, Shanghai, Beijing and Rong continued to rank among the top three in the country
With the strong support and active guidance of local governments, the development of modern agriculture in large and medium-sized cities is in good shape. Some central and western cities are among the forefront of development, such as Yinchuan, Wuhan, Nanchang, The comprehensive evaluation rankings of central and western cities such as Changsha, Jinan, Shijiazhuang, Lanzhou and Hefei have been continuously improved. According to the”Report”, the top 10 cities in my country’s urban modern agricultural development index in 2018 are Shanghai, Beijing, Chengdu, Nanjing, Dalian, Yinchuan, Qingdao, Ningbo, Hangzhou and Wuhan; the top 10 cities in the urban modern agricultural development index in 2017 are Shanghai , Beijing, Chengdu, Ningbo, Dalian, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Qingdao, Zhengzhou and Yinchuan.
(Image source:Shanghai Jiaotong University)
Classified development index, reflecting the advantages of the city strong>
In 2018, 35 cities each had different resource endowments and socio-economic development conditions, and showed different development characteristics in various aspects of urban modern agricultural evaluation. The TOP 10 cities with major”vegetable basket” product guarantee levels are Shenyang, Chengdu, Yinchuan, Jinan, Dalian, Beijing, Nanjing, Shanghai, Qingdao, and Hangzhou in order. The top 10 cities for agricultural ecology and sustainable development are Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shanghai, Yinchuan, Nanjing, Dalian, Beijing, Lanzhou, Nanchang, and Haikou. The TOP 10 cities with integrated development of tertiary industries are Shanghai, Yinchuan, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Dalian, Beijing, Chengdu, Changsha, Xi’an and Zhengzhou in order. The TOP 10 cities for the aggregation level of advanced agricultural production factors are Shanghai, Beijing, Chengdu, Tianjin, Xi’an, Haikou, Zhengzhou, Nanjing, Qingdao, and Shijiazhuang. The top 10 cities for modern agricultural management are Qingdao, Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Changsha, Ningbo, Urumqi, Wuhan, Chengdu, Dalian, and Tianjin in order.
City cluster ranking, comparative evaluation is more objective
In order to achieve the comparability of similar cities and achieve a more objective evaluation purpose, this report divides 35 cities into resource-scarce, resource-balanced, geographically-wide, and Four categories of environmental constraints.
(Image source:Shanghai Jiaotong University)
Ten typical models, leading the development of urban modern agriculture
The”Report” collected and selected 53 urban modern agricultural development cases or construction entities from 35 cities, which to a certain extent represents the current urban modern agricultural development in my country The level is summarized into ten typical models such as the characteristic agricultural leading model, the entire industry chain business model, and the park incubation leading model.
(Image source:Shanghai Jiaotong University)
Four challenges and six tasks to outline the development trend of modern urban agriculture in my country
The”Report” shows that my country’s urban modern agriculture will face four main challenges:one is the urgent need to make up for solutions to the imbalanced characteristics of urban and agricultural areas; the other is a breakthrough Land, capital, technology, talents and other factors are restricted; third, it is still necessary to cope with the changes from cities to urban agglomerations; fourth, urban agricultural areas still need to seek effective ways to increase agricultural efficiency and increase farmers’ income. Faced with new development opportunities, China’s urban modern agriculture should focus on six tasks:one is to focus on the positioning of urban modern agriculture and highlight the ecological green orientation; the second is to focus on the guiding role of industrial prosperity and highlight the orientation of integrated development; the third is to focus on technological innovation Leading support, highlighting the intelligent driving orientation; fourth is centering on the integration of the whole chain, highlighting the orientation of the entire industry chain; fifth is centering on kinetic energy conversion fusion power, highlighting the orientation of element aggregation; sixth is centering on the integration of agriculture and tourism, highlighting the experience of health and wellness guide.