The American start-up Eat Just recently launched”Laboratory Cultured Meat”, which is edible meat artificially made from living animal cells in the laboratory. At present, the new industry has brought together more than 50 companies from 19 countries or regions including Brazil, and one third of them were established in 2019. Brazilian scholars pointed out that the industry is expected to promote a new revolution in the livestock food industry.
Brazil World Wide Web reported that Carla Molento, coordinator of the Laboratory of Animal Welfare (LABEA) of the Federal University of Paraná (UFPR) and Professor of the Pioneer Class of Animal Cell Technology in Brazil, said:“We are in about 10,000 Animals were domesticated years ago, and now we are on the threshold of the second domestication (ie domestication of animal cells).”
Since meat can be produced without slaughtering animals, new technologies can greatly reduce the input of land, water and other production materials. In addition, by reducing greenhouse gas emissions during the field and livestock transportation, the new industry can also reduce the environmental impact of meat production.
In addition, genetics are very important for growing meat in the laboratory. What is impressive is that the use of a bioreactor can convert animal cells into meat in just 3 weeks.
Gustavo Guadagnini, executive director of the Brazilian non-profit organization”Good Food Institute” (GFI), said:”Now, we need to raise animals for many years before we can raise a small part of it. Livestock with better meat quality. But it only takes 3 weeks to cultivate meat. This is a disruptive innovation. A new industry is being born.”
There are clear signs that the application of this technology is becoming more common. Laboratory-grown chicken is currently sold in a restaurant in Singapore. This Asian country became the first region in the world to approve the production and sale of new products in December last year.
However, like any emerging industry, the new industry faces many challenges. For example, the uncertainty of final pricing, whether meat quality is the same as traditional high-quality meat, and consumer acceptance. In addition, like traditional markets, agriculture and animal husbandry still play an important role in the production of laboratory-grown meat. Because the new technology will not completely replace traditional livestock meat production, but provide consumers with an additional choice of animal protein food.