The Spring Festival is approaching, the year of the ox is coming, and thousands of families are reunited to celebrate the festive season. The Spring Festival is over every year, every year is different. At present, there are still clusters of epidemics in some areas of our country, and non-essential non-flowing is advocated during the Spring Festival. In terms of diet safety, the following consumption tips are specially made.
Do five or three.
The 2021 Spring Festival is still in the period of epidemic prevention and control, and the”five essentials” should be implemented in terms of diet safety.
One must keep it clean. Pay attention to washing hands frequently and keep tableware, kitchenware and kitchen environment clean.
Separate raw and cooked. Food, kitchenware and containers for processing food should be separated from raw and cooked to avoid cross-contamination.
Three must be cooked thoroughly. Meat, poultry, eggs, seafood and other foods should be cooked thoroughly.
Fourth, we must scientifically preserve food. Cooked food should be stored at room temperature for no more than 2 hours; cooked food at room temperature or refrigerated should be heated thoroughly before being eaten again.
Fifth, food ingredients must be reliable. Purchase fresh vegetables and fruits, mildew-free staple foods, beans and peanuts from regular channels.
During the Spring Festival, there will inevitably be a large flow of people and logistics, and the risk of epidemic spread will increase. In order to avoid contracting the new crown virus, we should try our best to do the”three nos”.
First, try not to flow. It is recommended to celebrate the New Year on the spot and not travel unless necessary. If you must travel, you should comply with the epidemic prevention and control requirements, especially personal protection during the journey.
The second is to try not to purchase New Year goods by contact. It is recommended to use non-contact shopping and payment methods such as online and scan code payment. If you go to a shopping mall or supermarket to purchase, you should wear a mask.
Third, try not to go out for dinner. It is recommended to eat at home and avoid gatherings; to minimize going out, change clothes and wash hands promptly after going out and go home; keep the home clean and hygienic, and frequently ventilate the room.
Cold chain food don’t panic
Recently, the positive detection of new coronavirus nucleic acid in imported cold chain food or its outer packaging in many places across the country has caused public concern. The new coronavirus is mainly spread through respiratory droplets and close contact, and the possibility of infection through eating or contacting cold chain food and its outer packaging is very small.
When purchasing imported cold chain foods, one is to purchase imported cold chain foods at regular supermarkets or markets. If you do not choose, you cannot provide inspection and quarantine certificates, nucleic acid testing certificates, disinfection certificates, and imported cold chain foods that do not have traceability information to prove their legal origin; The second is to wear a mask and do not directly touch imported cold chain foods with your hands. It is recommended to use disposable gloves; the third is to wash your hands promptly after shopping and do not touch your eyes, nose, mouth and other parts before washing your hands; the fourth is to use them before processing food 75%alcohol disinfects the food packaging. The awareness of epidemic prevention and control cannot be relaxed, and consumers must protect themselves in accordance with the requirements of normalization of epidemic prevention and control.
Participate in CD Action
”One porridge, one meal, when thinking is hard to come by; half a thread, half a thread, persevering in material resources”, diligence and thrift are the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation. Advocate the use of public chopsticks and spoons, and encourage sharing of meals. When cooking at home, buy and prepare as needed, and try to avoid leftovers. If you really need to go out to eat, you must pay attention to dietary civilization and etiquette, eat buffets frequently and eat less; order moderately, do not pay attention to pomp, cherish the food, and strive to be a”disc family”. Unfinished meals should be packaged; resist””Big Stomach King” is the eyeball behavior of wasting food. After the leftovers have cooled, they should be stored in the refrigerator or freezer; they should be heated thoroughly before being eaten again, and the heating should not be repeated more than once.
A balanced diet and more exercise
Reasonable collocation, moderate diet. A balanced diet can improve the body’s immune status and enhance resistance to diseases. The daily diet should have a variety of foods, mainly cereals, eat more fruits and vegetables, often eat milk, beans or their products, eat fish, poultry, eggs, lean meat in moderation, and appropriately increase foods rich in high-quality protein, vitamins and minerals , To meet the energy and various nutrients required by the human body. The combination of meat and vegetables, the thickness and the fineness, the variety of colors, the small amount of each kind of food, and the exchange of similar ingredients are conducive to food diversity. Eat moderately and avoid overeating.
advocates”three reductions”, quit smoking and limit alcohol. Light diet, adults should not consume more than 5 grams of salt per day, and 25-30 grams of cooking oil per day; the recommended daily intake of sugar should not exceed 50 grams, preferably less than 25 grams. It is recommended that adults 7-8 glasses of water per day (200 ml per glass), and it is recommended to drink plain water. If you have a smoking habit, gradually control it until you quit. Children, adolescents, pregnant women, and nursing mothers should not drink alcohol. For adults, such as drinking, the amount of alcohol consumed per day should not exceed 25 grams for men and 15 grams for women.
Eat dynamic balance, healthy weight. People of all ages should exercise every day to maintain energy balance and maintain a healthy weight. Too low or too high weight will increase the risk of disease. Insist on daily exercise, such as walking, running, playing ball, etc. Minimize sedentary time, and it is not advisable to watch TV or surf the Internet for a long time. During the Spring Festival, it is advisable to maintain a regular schedule to ensure adequate sleep.
Liu Xiumei Researcher, Institute of Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Ding Gangqiang, Director and Professor, Institute of Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Li Ning, deputy director and researcher of the National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment
Ma Guansheng, Director and Professor, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University
Li Shuguang Professor of School of Public Health, Fudan University
Han Hongwei Researcher, National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment