Editor’s note: On December 18, 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued the”National Trial Implementation Plan for the Certification System for Edible Agricultural Products”, The nationwide deployment of the edible agricultural product certification system for trial implementation. Since the trial implementation, all localities have moved quickly and implemented vigorously, achieving positive progress and results. We dispatched production companies, cooperatives, planting and breeding households across the country to implement quality and safety control measures, good experience and good practices in issuing certificates, and overall consideration of factors such as trial categories, types of production entities, promotion measures, and provincial distribution, highlighting Typical effects that can be learned and replicated, some excellent typical experience materials are selected and published as follows for reference and reference in various regions.
Convenient quality inspection Gaobei village mullet”swim fast”
Mullet breeding cooperative in Gaobei Village, Shaoyun Town, Tongliang District, Chongqing City
Gaobei Village Mullet Breeding Professional Cooperative is the largest mullet breeding base in Southwest China, with an area of more than 2,600 mu of adult fish breeding, and a mullet breeding center. The number of water splash fry and size fry reached 50 million and 5 million, respectively. At the beginning of this year, due to the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the mullet fish was slow to sell. President Zhou Yuanming promptly led the members of the cooperative to earnestly implement the edible agricultural product certification system and strictly control the quality. Passing the quality card of the certification, opened up the market and realized the increase in production and income. At present, the cooperative produces more than 2,000 tons of mullet annually, with an annual output value of approximately 2 million yuan.
The cooperative adopts the model of”unified seedling supply, unified material supply, unified drug supply, unified management, and unified sales” to ensure the quality and safety of the entire industry chain. Before delivery, each batch of fry must be tested for malachite green and nitrofuran”two drugs”; during production, after entering the breeding pond, the members shall implement records of the purchase, feeding, medication and inspection of the incoming materials, and strict control ; After delivery, veterinary drug residue safety testing is carried out before sale, and only the adult fish that pass the test can be issued a certificate and enter the market for trading. In addition, the cooperative arranges full-time staff to inspect the fish ponds of the members every day, and at the same time carries out one-to-one on-site technical guidance, and promptly invites the district aquatic product station to assist in solving difficult problems. In accordance with the trial requirements of the edible agricultural product certification, the cooperative adopts a batch (vehicle) to issue a certificate, issue a certificate for the products that pass the test, and enter the market with the vehicle, which can not only reduce the cumbersomeness of the certificate, but also provide quality Security commitment.
certificate of conformity is both a”business card” and a”letter of commitment”, and it is also a retrospective”voucher”. Tongliang District implements the method of registering and receiving according to the serial number, and each enterprise issues a certificate in its respective serial number. Receive one copy each time, a total of 50 copies. After the issuance of a copy, bring the stub in exchange for a new certificate, which not only strengthens supervision and management, but also facilitates retrospective inquiry.
The”Xianglingshan” vegetable listed with certificate is famous
Xianglingshan Vegetable Cooperative, Lingling District, Yongzhou City, Hunan Province
Xianglingshan Vegetable Cooperative has more than 1,000 vegetable greenhouses, which mainly produce various types of vegetables throughout the season. At present, the vegetable planting area reaches 4160 mu, and the annual production of vegetables is more than 5,000 tons. In order to ensure the safety of products from the source, the cooperative, in accordance with the requirements of the grid supervision system of”segmented responsibilities, active supervision, upper and lower coordination, and flexible operation”, uses village groups as a unit to conduct inspections to strictly prevent the prohibition of restricted drugs. Logistics enters the production link. In order to ensure the quality and safety of the vegetables in the base before leaving the garden, the Agricultural and Rural Bureau of Lingling District has established a three-level inspection system of”district, township and village” and set up a special pesticide residue inspection room for the cooperative. The detection results are uploaded to the management system of the district agricultural product quality and safety supervision department in real time for the supervision department to view in real time. At present, the qualified rate of vegetables in the base has reached 99.6%. In accordance with the requirements of”quality control system, personnel responsibility, product standards, drug use account, production records, pre-sales testing, quasi-issue certification, and information available for inquiry” requirements, implement product listings with codes and certificates And the whole process can be traced. By scanning the product code, consumers can inquire about the use of inputs in the base during the production process, and the inspection conditions before leaving the park.
Scan the code to check the”green” asparagus is confident
Jiangsu Augesunyu Modern Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd.
Jiangsu Asparagus Modern Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. is the largest facility in Jiangsu Province as a demonstration base for the integrated production and marketing of asparagus, taking the opportunity of piloting the certification system for edible agricultural products, Efforts are made in the governance of the source of inputs, green technology and brand building to make the quality and safety of agricultural products more”assuming”, expand market competitiveness and increase brand awareness.
One is to create a green production base. The base makes full use of the innocuous treatment of pig manure produced by 10,000 pig farms as organic fertilizer. At the same time, it promotes the application of new green prevention and control technologies, using sex traps, color swatches and other physical and chemical traps and biological pesticides to reduce chemical Use of pesticides. Establish an automatic information management system for farmland”health guards” to grasp real-time production dynamics and product quality traceability information inquiries.
The second is to strictly control the place of origin for customs clearance. In the process of production and sales of agricultural products, clarify the specific person responsible for the production and sales records, and comprehensively and truly record various agricultural operations, input use, quality control and product sales. Establish a ledger for the purchase and use of agricultural inputs to faithfully reflect the purchase time, purchase channel, manufacturer, product name, product approval number, usage and dosage, and safety interval of each batch of inputs.
The third is to commission sampling and testing regularly. Establish a”triple joint” mechanism with the town’s agricultural product quality inspection station to conduct random sampling and testing of each batch of agricultural products that flow to the market, and record them one by one to ensure that the agricultural products are qualified and qualified. Up to now, more than 800 batches of asparagus samples have been commissioned for random inspection, and the test pass rate is 100%.
Fourth is the implementation of certificate sales. Through the Jiangsu agricultural product traceability platform, truthfully fill in the name, quantity (weight) of the edible agricultural product, base name, contact information, issuance date, commitment statement, etc., and the traceability platform will finally generate an edible agricultural product certificate and give each batch of products that enter the market The asparagus is labeled with a QR code, so consumers can scan it at a glance.
On-site certificate preparation to facilitate small farmers’ entry and trading
Qinghai Province Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Agricultural and Sideline Products Distribution Center
As the only comprehensive agricultural wholesale market in Xining City, Qinghai Province, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Agricultural and Sideline Products Distribution Center (hereinafter referred to as the Distribution Center) has the largest cold-chain storage and preservation warehouse in Qinghai , Mainly guarantee the supply of fruits and vegetables in the province. Starting from March 31 this year, the distribution center has fully cooperated with the Xining City Agriculture and Rural Department to carry out the trial work of edible agricultural products certification, and has made effective progress.
One is to further modify and improve the market access system. The distribution center focused on adjusting the effective”test before entering the market” system, and established a system of”enter the market with a certificate”, that is, edible agricultural products with a seal can be directly marketed. At the same time, strengthen the construction of the electronic information platform, analyze the varieties, prices, quantities, and origins of the vegetables entering the market, and fully control the product transaction information of”licensed into the market”, and provide data support for ensuring stable prices and promoting the trial of edible agricultural products certification. Regular or irregular random inspections of edible agricultural products entering the market are taken to ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products that hold certificates.
The second is to establish a”one certificate, one report” access system for small and scattered farmers who cannot provide edible agricultural products certification. First, the distribution center will conduct a quick sampling of the products of small and scattered farmers. After the test is qualified, the edible agricultural product certificate printed by the county and district government departments will be provided on the spot. The trader can fill in and attach the test report before entering the market. At present, the distribution center has assisted small-scale farmers to issue 303 edible agricultural product certificates, and sell 270.4 tons of edible agricultural products with certificates.
The third is to actively coordinate and collaborate to build a new mode of supervision. In accordance with the requirements of the provincial and municipal pilot schemes, the distribution center has coordinated with the district market supervision bureau and the market supervision office of the distribution center to hold on-site symposiums and business mobilization kick-off meetings, and jointly established a permit system based on the certification system. The integration mechanism has been fully integrated with the previous pilot system of “test before entering the market”.
”fusion code” enhances brand awareness
Zinc Garden Grape Cooperative in Shouning County, Fujian Province
Fujian Zhenzinc Garden Grape Cooperative has nearly 1,200 mu of grapes in greenhouses and greenhouses, and the registered”old farmer” grapes have obtained green food certification. In order to allow consumers to”understand consumption and eat with confidence”, from 2019, the cooperative has taken effective measures to promote the parallel system of edible agricultural product certification and”one product, one code” traceability, and attach an exclusive”ID card” to each grape out of the warehouse.”.
One is to establish a mechanism to obtain long-term benefits through normal management. Establish a working group for agricultural product quality and safety, and assign special personnel to be responsible for all work links such as the entry of certification information and the management of grape storage. Start management and control from the source, and achieve a unified supply of agricultural materials on the basis of unified seedling supply and unified technical guidance. Establish mutual supervision among members, consciously maintain awareness, supervise the vineyards of”neighbors”, and prevent the abuse of pesticides. Before joining the cooperative, a member must sign a commitment on the quality and safety of agricultural products. If a problem occurs due to the member’s own reasons, a notification will be made. The cooperative will no longer purchase the farmer’s agricultural products. If the circumstances are serious, the company will be retired. Implementation of rapid detection, full coverage of the vineyard area.
The second is to clarify standards and improve the quality of members through publicity and training. Issue the”Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Manual”, and invite experts to carry out on-site training in technology and product quality and safety construction. Organize all members to study the parallel system of certification and”one product, one code” traceability, use the network platform to share learning materials in time, and encourage members to”check in”. Through live demonstration, follow-up guidance and other methods, all growers can learn how to generate certificates.
According to the introduction, the cooperative’s certificate of conformity integrates”product name, cooperative body, green label, trademark, contact information, WeChat official account QR code” and other information , The attached code is a multi-element”fusion code”, which not only realizes coded sales, but also further enhances the visibility of the cooperative. Up to now, the cooperative’s products have assigned a total of 50,000 codes, a total of 63 batches, and 1124.6 tons of sales. After”Shouning Grape” was assigned the code, the average daily sales volume in the Changsha Five-star Fruit Wholesale Market increased by 1.2 tons.
”Nong Security Code” to facilitate digital management
Zhejiang Hangzhou Wanlitang Lotus Root Professional Cooperative
Starting from May 18 this year, Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, has fully implemented the”Nong Security Code” and electronic certificate system for edible agricultural products. “Nong’s Security Code” is a unique QR code configured for each subject in accordance with unified coding rules. It is used for identification and real-time record transmission of data information. It can help enterprises realize digital management, digital acquisition, empower security management and control, and create a comprehensive Chain traceability. Wanlitang is located in Zhanqiao Village, Chongxian Street, Yuhang District, and has 152 members. The agricultural products are mainly aquatic crops such as lotus root and sage aquatic crops. The planting area is 2,680 mu. It has established a good cooperative relationship with 120 non-member farmers in the surrounding area. Drive the planting area of 5,000 mu and help farmers increase their income per capita by 15,000 yuan.
For”Wanlitang”, through the”Nong’an Code” management platform, not only has the production management efficiency been improved, but also standardized The internal quality management system has greatly improved the level of safety production. When purchasing agricultural materials, show the”Nong’s Security Code” to scan the real-name purchase, the information will be uploaded to the platform in real time, and the electronic ledger of the company’s internal inputs will also be updated instantly. In daily production management, information such as fertilization, medication, testing, and harvesting must also be entered into the”Nong’an Code” platform to form internal production digital management.”Wanlitang” has established a fixed cooperative relationship with a number of small farmers in Zhanqiao Village. When purchasing, scan the”Nong Security Code” and enter the purchased products and quantity to form an electronic acquisition transaction ledger to provide electronic evidence for the accountability of the subject . The traceability information promotes the level of safety responsibility, which effectively reduces the safety responsibility risk between the production and purchase enterprises and the farmers. Nowadays, nearly 50%of the agricultural products of the Wanlitang Cooperative are purchased from non-member farmers, gradually driving the surrounding farmers to carry out standardized and standardized production in accordance with the requirements.
After using the”Nongan Code Certificate”, the Wanlitang Cooperative continues to expand the market with standardized production management, reliable quality control, and complete traceability information Sales channels have made agricultural products in short supply in large supermarkets and online sales platforms. In 2019, the sales volume was nearly 10,000 tons and the output value was 41.5 million yuan, reflecting that”safety” is the core brand value of agricultural products.
All links of production and sales have quality commitments
Guangxi Nanning Jinqihua Agricultural and Sideline Products Processing Co., Ltd.
Leek has always been a “problem dish” and “high sensitive dish” that consumers are concerned about. Guangxi Nanning Jinqihua Agricultural and Sideline Products Processing Co., Ltd. has implemented edible agricultural products since December 2019 Since the certification system, strict control of medication dosage and safety interval has reduced the risk of leek quality and safety from the source of production. It is understood that Nanning City implements the A, B, and C certificates of edible agricultural products according to the responsibilities of all parties from farmland to market. The A certificate is issued by the producer of edible agricultural products, the B certificate is issued by the organizer of the edible agricultural product centralized trading market, and the C certificate is issued by the seller of edible agricultural products.
”Golden Qihua” leek production base is based on modern industrial planting, with cost-saving, low-consumption, labor-saving water-saving irrigation and water and fertilizer integrated pipe network , The base area is 1,293 mu, with an annual output of 9,690 tons. According to the person in charge of the company, after the company issues an A certificate, it provides buyers with a guarantee of quality on the one hand, and on the other hand, it protects the purchase channels of buyers, especially for multi-source purchases. The B certificate is issued on the basis of the B certificate, and the retailer can issue the C certificate on the basis of the B certificate. Each link has a quality commitment, three responsibilities, and tripartite checks. Since the implementation of the certificate,”Jin Qihua” has paid more attention to product quality and safety supervision. The company planted and managed in accordance with the standard of green food, through staff training, internal quality control, unified procurement of agricultural materials, unified technical management, and supervision of agricultural records, and established a laboratory to quickly detect pesticide residues in the harvested leeks to ensure that they are unqualified The dishes do not leave the factory, and a certificate is issued for each car sold. This year, the company has applied for green food certification.
The person in charge of the company said that the certificate has become the golden stone of product sales. Before the certification of edible agricultural products was issued,”Jinqihua”‘s leek sales were mainly in the local market, but now the certification has become a”stepping stone” for markets outside the province. In 2019, the sale of leeks outside the province was only 450,000 jin, with a sales of 218,300 yuan. By May 2020, the sales of leeks outside the province reached 1.7038 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 800%.
”customize” the certificate for each vegetable farmer
Hainan Haikou Coconut Sea Leaf Vegetable Alliance
Hainan vegetable production is usually divided into winter melons and vegetables and perennial vegetables. The former refers to melons and vegetables that are produced in winter and spring and are transported to the north; the latter refers to energy. Produced throughout the year and mainly supply local vegetables, the base grows leafy vegetables all the year round. In September 2019, with the support of the Haikou Municipal Government and the Haikou Municipal Agriculture and Rural Bureau, the Haikou Haikou Agricultural Association Vegetable Production and Marketing Cooperative, Hainan Coconut Sea Comprehensive Wholesale Market, etc. initiated the establishment of the”Haikou Coconut Sea Leaf Vegetable Alliance”. At present, the alliance has about 1,600 vegetable farmers. The vegetables produced and wholesaled are mainly supplied to the local market, accounting for about 70%of the total amount of local leafy vegetables in Haikou.
The Hainan vegetable industry’s trial of edible agricultural products certification started with the winter melons and vegetables in Dejima, and the Coconut Sea Vegetable Alliance, as an industry organization, implemented it in the perennial vegetables Some explorations have been carried out on the certification. From midnight to early morning of the next day, vegetable farmers go to the wholesale market and sell their vegetables directly to farmers’ market vendors. Self-produced and sold by small farmers is the main circulation method for vegetable farmers in the suburbs of Haikou. Based on this situation, the Haikou Coconut Sea Vegetable Alliance proposes to take small farmers as the main body, taking into account other entities such as joint transportation and sales, and professional transportation and sales, and implement the full coverage of edible agricultural products certification. The person in charge of the alliance stated that this can not only guarantee the quality and safety of the perennial vegetables purchased by consumers, but also facilitate unified inspections at the wholesale and retail ends. At present, most vegetable farmers in the suburbs of Haikou have joined the Coconut Sea Vegetable Alliance. The alliance has established a membership file, which has a certain appeal and binding force for members, and provides organizational guarantee for small farmers to fully cover the trial edible agricultural product certification.
The alliance adopts a method of one household, one certificate to customize the certificate for each vegetable farmer. In addition, a horizontal version of the general certificate is printed for use by producers and purchasers. The customized certificate has the following characteristics:print part of the information in advance, reduce the workload of the producer, and ensure the accuracy of the information; increase the customer name, customer phone number, when the product is unqualified, it is convenient to sell Accurate recall of unqualified products; the size of the style is convenient for vegetable farmers to carry with them when trading; the color of the customer’s certificate in each district of the city is different, which is convenient for application in each district.
Since the implementation of the certificate, the traceability chain of vegetables in circulation has become clearer throughout the year, and the certificate will be publicly displayed in the retail terminal. Therefore, vegetable farmers have a greater sense of responsibility and brand awareness. Enhanced. Vegetable farmers pay more attention to product quality and safety, especially in the prevention and control of plant diseases and insect pests. They can better focus on prevention, use more microbial fertilizers to improve the soil, reduce the use of pesticides, and reduce the risk of pesticide residues in products.
Source:Department of Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Supervision, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs