Since the 13th Five-Year Plan, the national fishery system has firmly established the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, with the goal of improving quality and increasing income, reducing volume and increasing efficiency, green development, and wealthy fishermen, and insisting on serving fishery transformation Upgrade and serve the”going global” strategy, serve the overall situation of national diplomacy, and actively promote foreign cooperation in fisheries, achieving remarkable results.
First, the cooperation of surrounding fisheries has created a new situation. Properly carry out fishery talks with neighboring countries, comprehensively strengthen the management and control of foreign-related fishing vessels, properly handle and handle fishery disputes, and lay a foundation for safeguarding fishery interests and maritime rights. At present, the implementation of the China-Korea Fishery Agreement is stable, the order of fishery production continues to improve, and the two countries have jointly carried out the enhancement and release of the Yellow Sea fishery resources, and the fishery relationship has become increasingly close. China and Vietnam have carried out fruitful cooperation under the framework of the”Sino-Vietnam Beibu Gulf Fishery Agreement”. The two sides successfully held three joint enhancement and release activities, which were written into the joint communiqué of the two governments. The”China-Vietnam Beibu Gulf Fishery Agreement” expired in June 2019 Both parties summarized and highly appraised the achievements of the 15th anniversary of the implementation of the Agreement, and reached a consensus on the renewal of the Agreement. Under the framework of the fisheries agreement, China and Russia have cooperated smoothly on the conservation of fishery resources in border waters, marine fishing, and the implementation of agreements to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. The fishery relations between the two countries have entered the best period in history. my country’s donation of fish fry to the Philippines is written in the joint statement of the two governments. The “small fry, big diplomacy” of China and the Philippines has been highly recognized by the leaders of the two countries, which has effectively promoted the employment of Philippine fishermen and contributed to the maintenance of stability in the South China Sea. Establish an exchange and cooperation mechanism for water ecological conservation in the Lancang-Mekong basin and organize international cooperation in water resources ecological conservation. Deepen fishery cooperation with Malaysia, Brunei and other countries, and achieved good results.
The second is new progress in bilateral fishery cooperation. During the”13th Five-Year Plan” period, actively cooperate with the implementation of the”Belt and Road” initiative and strengthen fishery cooperation with key countries. By the end of 2020, my country has established a high-level dialogue mechanism with important fishing countries such as the United States, the European Union, Norway, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and has carried out bilateral fishery cooperation with many countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. General Secretary Xi Jinping witnessed the signing of the minutes of the China-Mauritania Joint Fisheries Committee meeting, Premier Li Keqiang witnessed the signing of the China-EU Blue Partnership Declaration, and Vice Premier Hu Chunhua witnessed the signing of the China-Papua New Guinea Fisheries Cooperation Memorandum. Organized a meeting of agriculture ministers of China’s South Pacific island countries and a fishery cooperation forum, and signed the”Nadi Declaration”.
The third is a new step in multilateral fishery cooperation. Participate in the top-level design of international fishery governance rules, actively participate in the United Nations Agreement on Marine Biodiversity Beyond the State’s Jurisdiction (BBNJ), the Agreement on Prevention of Unregulated High Seas Fisheries in the Central Arctic Ocean, the United Nations General Assembly Resolution on Sustainable Fisheries, the World Trade Organization and other negotiations and consultations to promote Form a fair, reasonable and sustainable international fishery governance mechanism. Effectively strengthen the work related to the formulation of regional fishery governance rules and enhance the right to speak in international fisheries. Participated in the Ministerial Conference on the Safety of Fishing Vessels and Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing of the International Maritime Organization and signed the”Torremolinos Declaration.” In 2019, my country formally joined the Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission. As of the end of 2020, my country has joined 10 international or regional fisheries management organizations, basically covering the world’s important convention waters, and participated in the United Nations, FAO, Maritime Organization, WTO, and Endangered Wildlife. Activities of more than 30 international fisheries-related organizations such as the Convention on International Trade of Plant Species, APEC and relevant regional fisheries management organizations.
Fourth is the development of deep-sea fishery has entered a new stage. Issue and implement the”Thirteenth Five-Year” National Ocean Fisheries Development Plan, comprehensively adjust development thinking, strictly control the scale of ocean fishing enterprises and ocean fishing vessels, strengthen standardized management, crack down on violations of laws and regulations, accelerate transformation and upgrading, strengthen international cooperation, and promote ocean fishery standards Obvious results have been achieved in orderly development. As of the end of 2019, there were a total of 178 ocean-going fishery companies operating 2,701 ocean-going fishing vessels, and the annual output of ocean-going fisheries was 2.17 million tons. The operating sea areas involved more than 40 countries (regions) under the jurisdiction of the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean and Antarctic waters. Deep-sea fishery has become an important part of the”Going Global” and”One Belt One Road” initiative of agriculture, and has played an important role in enriching domestic market supply and ensuring national food security.
Fifth, fishery foreign cooperation opens up new areas. Conform to the new trend of world fishery development, give full play to our country’s advantages in technology, species, capital, and manpower, actively promote cooperation in aquaculture with Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa and other regions, and develop seed breeding, aquatic product processing, feed, and logistics And other related industries, to promote the export of related products and equipment, and expand cooperation fields and spaces. Initiated and hosted a series of influential international conferences and forums related to fishery, such as the International Conference on Fishery-related Maritime Conventions, the International Conference on Sustainable Development of Aquatic Products and the International Conference on Fishery Technology and Innovation, which have been highly recognized by domestic and foreign partners.
Sixth, new achievements have been made in fishery technology and foreign aid. Through cooperation with foreign fishery science and technology exchanges, the introduction of key technologies for ecological restoration of the aquaculture water environment, new compound aquaculture systems, and aquaculture capacity calculation models have filled the gaps in related fields in my country. The introduction of fine aquatic germplasm resources such as the northern subspecies of California perch, purple black wing mussel, and freshwater stone head fish has effectively enriched and optimized the structure of aquaculture species in my country; cooperated in the development of high-sea-state deep-water cages and copper alloy seine culture systems, Good results have been achieved in the construction of marine pastures, which has promoted the green transformation and upgrading of my country’s aquaculture model. It has trained more than 2,000 aquatic technicians and management talents for more than 50 developing countries and regions, and guided developing countries such as Myanmar, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Mongolia to carry out fishery production planning, aquaculture and processing training, and serve the overall situation of national diplomacy.