“Thirteenth Five-Year” Fishery Highlights Serial | Continuous improvement of aquatic biological resource conservation system
By: Date: 2021-01-04 Categories: chinesefood Tags: ,
   During the”13th Five-Year Plan” period, fishery departments at all levels, in accordance with the arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, actively take effective measures to accelerate the construction of ecological civilization, continuously improve the fishery resource protection and management system, and increase the conservation of aquatic biological resources to promote The coordinated development of fishery and resource protection has achieved remarkable results.
   First, the Yangtze River has achieved important phased results in banning and retreating capture. In order to reverse the deterioration of the ecological environment of the Yangtze River, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has resolutely implemented the spirit of the important instructions and instructions of General Secretary Jin Ping, conscientiously implemented the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and took the”10-year ban on fishing” on the Yangtze River as a major political task. Strengthen the inter-departmental coordination mechanism, set up special teams for inter-departmental work, strengthen overall coordination, refine policies and measures, and implement responsibilities at various levels, and promote the Yangtze River ban on arrest and retreat to achieve important stage results. After building files and cards on a boat-by-boat-by-house basis, 10 provinces (cities) along the Yangtze River approved a total of 111,000 fishing boats and 231,000 fishermen. Up to now, fishing boats and fishermen have basically completed their retreat. Among them, the “one river, two lakes and seven rivers” and 332 aquatic biological protection areas involved 84,000 fishing boats and 180,000 fishermen who have all withdrawn their catches and landed ahead of schedule. Other waters involved 27,000 fishing boats and 51,000 fishermen. The de-arrest mission in 2020 was completed ahead of schedule, and the remaining 1,599 ships and 3072 people will complete the de-arrest in 2021 as planned. At the same time, the settlement guarantee for fishermen has been steadily advancing, and the fight against illegal fishing has created a deterrent.
   The second is the first implementation of the total management system of marine fishery resources. The fishing quota system is an internationally accepted fishery resource management system and a management system stipulated by the Fisheries Law. On January 12, 2017, with the approval of the State Council, the “Notice of the Ministry of Agriculture on Further Strengthening the Management and Control of Domestic Fishing Vessels and Implementing the Total Management of Marine Fishery Resources” (Nongyufa [2017] No. 2) was issued, which was the first organization to implement the General Quantity management system. Up to now, the actual annual catch in my country’s coastal waters has been controlled within 10 million tons, and 11 coastal provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have all carried out pilot work on quota fishing management, laying a foundation for exploring new models and new paths for fishery resource management with Chinese characteristics. .
   The third is the continuous improvement of fishery resource protection systems such as fishing moratoriums. In accordance with the needs of fishery resource protection, the ocean summer fishing moratorium system was adjusted for two consecutive years in 2017 and 2018. The adjustment range was large, the fishing moratorium time was long, and there were many types of fishing moratoriums. It was hailed as”the most stringent moratorium system in history.” In 2017, the Pearl River fishing ban system was adjusted and improved, and corresponding regulations were made for the management of the ban on fishing in the inland waters of the Minjiang River and Hainan Province; the fishing ban system was implemented in the Yellow River basin from 2018; the Haihe, Liaohe, and Liaohe rivers were issued in 2019. The Songhua River fishing ban system has achieved full coverage of the banned fishing period system in the seven major inland river basins in my country and the full coverage of the banned fishing ban on major rivers, lakes and seas in my country. In 2018, the”Notice on Implementing the Minimum Catch Standards and Juvenile Proportion Management Regulations for 15 Important Economic Fishes such as Hairtail” was issued, and the juvenile fish protection system was established for the first time.
  Fourth is to actively carry out the proliferation and release of aquatic organisms. Enhancement and release is an important measure to restore fishery resources, protect biodiversity, and increase fishermen’s income. During the”Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, various localities actively organize more than 2,000 breeding and release activities such as”fish release days” each year, investing nearly 1 billion yuan in breeding and releasing funds, and releasing more than 30 billion aquatic species. At the same time, it has continuously strengthened standardized management of proliferation and release, and successively issued the”Guiding Opinions of the Ministry of Agriculture on Doing a Good Job in the Proliferation and Release of Aquatic Organisms during the 13th Five-Year Plan”, and the Notice of the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture on Further Regulating the Proliferation and Release of Aquatic Organisms. Improve the scientific and standardized level of multiplication and release.
   The fifth is to vigorously promote the construction of marine ranches. During the”Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs vigorously promoted the construction of marine ranches, actively sought to increase capital investment, compiled and issued the”National Marine Ranch Construction Plan (2017-2025)”, formulated financial management measures for marine ranching construction, and established marine ranches Construct an expert advisory committee, organize the formulation of relevant standards for marine ranches, and promote the standardized and scientific development of marine ranches. As of 2020, more than 8 billion yuan has been invested in the construction of marine ranches across the country, and more than 200 marine ranches have been built, including 110 national marine ranches, which have achieved good economic, ecological and social benefits.
   Sixth, increase the protection of precious and endangered aquatic wildlife. Fully implement the”Wild Animal Protection Law” and relevant decisions of the National People’s Congress, organize special law enforcement actions, and severely crack down on illegal aquatic wildlife trade. Formulate and implement the”Construction Plan for the Yangtze River Biodiversity Conservation Project (2021-2025)”, publish and implement protection action plans for sea turtles, Chinese white dolphins, spotted seals, Chinese sturgeons, Yangtze finless porpoises, Yangtze sturgeons, and other species, and organize the establishment of corresponding species The Conservation Alliance promotes the”land-sea-land” relay conservation of Chinese sturgeon, intensifies ex-situ protection of the Yangtze finless porpoise, and strives to rebuild the wild population of the Yangtze sturgeon. The aquatic wildlife protection publicity month has been held for 11 consecutive years, and large-scale publicity activities have been carried out at important time nodes such as the Chinese White Dolphin Protection Publicity Day, World Turtle Day, and Fish Release Day, so as to continuously improve the awareness and participation of the whole society in the protection of aquatic wildlife.