Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan released its 2020 work summary.
In 2020, Kazakhstan will carry out spring ploughing and spring planting under extremely difficult epidemic conditions. Despite the implementation of the state of emergency, the government has taken effective measures in time to ensure barrier-free passage for farmers, and formulated corresponding work procedures to ensure that the spring ploughing and spring planting work is completed with high quality in the best time.
In 2020, affected by the epidemic, the demand for important social and livelihood food in domestic and foreign markets will increase sharply. In order to ensure the supply on the domestic market and provide food security for residents, the Ministry of Agriculture has adopted temporary restrictions on the export of certain foods to avoid disorderly exports of food for the people’s livelihood, and there is no shortage of supply on the domestic market.
The Ministry of Agriculture continues to provide farmers with high-quality seeds, cheap fertilizers, plant protection equipment, and strengthen the equipment of agricultural machinery. Although the climatic conditions during the crop growing season are extremely dry, the yield and quality are still guaranteed. At the same time, the Ministry of Agriculture continues to promote the diversification of crop cultivation, focusing on promoting import substitution, and expanding the planting area of high-profit crops (oil crops, grains, vegetables, melons). The total sown area of crops in the year reached 22.7 million hectares, an increase of 2.5%over the previous year.
From January to November 2020, the food industry in Kazakhstan achieved an output value of 1.745 trillion tenge, a year-on-year increase of 3.6%. Despite the unsalable sales of some products caused by the epidemic, some agricultural products processing plants have been put into operation smoothly, including the 500 tons/day oil press plant in Taldykorgan, Almaty, the 60 tons/day rice processing plant in Kyzylorda, Turkistan A canned fruit factory with an annual output of 700 tons in the state.
Based on the pilot work last year, in 2020, the farmer purchasing livestock mortgage loan mechanism will be widely used and promoted, and the loan application approval time will be further shortened. The beef production chain is developing rapidly. At present, the total scale of beef cattle breeding in Kazakhstan has reached 279,000 heads, and the beef processing capacity has reached 240,000 tons.
Under the framework of anti-crisis measures, in 2020, Kazakhstan’s central budget will allocate 28.5 billion tenge to subsidize the development and investment of animal husbandry, and provide 400 billion tenge of loans for the agro-industrial complex.
Currently, Kazakhstan is implementing a series of dairy and animal husbandry import substitution projects, establishing and expanding a dairy farm network. In 2020, 17 industrial farms and 30 family farms will be put into production, with a milk production capacity of 95,500 tons. In the next five years, the production of processed milk is expected to increase by 500,000 tons, which can completely solve the problem of milk import substitution. It is estimated that by the end of 2022, the self-sufficiency rate of cheese and cheese will rise to 80%, and it will be fully self-sufficient by 2025.