Notice of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Guangdong Province on the issuance of the three-year action plan for the high-quality development of the litchi industry in Guangdong (2021-2023)
By: Date: 2021-01-04 Categories: authoritativerelease Tags: ,
The people’s government of listed cities at all levels, all departments of the provincial government, and all directly affiliated institutions:
   The”Three-year Action Plan for the High-Quality Development of Litchi Industry in Guangdong (2021-2023)” has been approved by the Provincial People’s Government. It is hereby issued to you. Please study and formulate implementation plans and annual implementation plans based on the actual situation of your local department, and carefully implement them. Please submit the implementation plan and implementation status to the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs in time.
   Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Guangdong Province
   December 28, 2020
   (Contact:Kuang Shu, Tel:37288270)
  Three-year action plan for the high-quality development of the litchi industry in Guangdong (2021-2023)
  Litchi is a famous Lingnan fruit, and the litchi industry is the traditional advantage of Guangdong agriculture. Guangdong has a long history of lychee planting, with the largest planting area in the country. It is the fruit with the largest planting area, the most distinctive variety and the most obvious regional advantage in the province. In order to promote the high-quality development of Guangdong’s litchi industry, this action plan is formulated.
  一. Guiding ideology
   Guided by Xi Jinping’s Thoughts on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, fully implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and thoroughly implement General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech to Guangdong. In the spirit of instructions and instructions, earnestly implement the deployment of the provincial party committee and the provincial government on promoting the high-quality development of the litchi industry in Guangdong, with the supply-side structural reform as the main line, promote advantages, make up for shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, and play a good litchi industry brand, market brand, Technology and culture cards, polish the”Golden Signs” of Guangdong litchi, upgrade Guangdong’s litchi from a”small specialty” to a”big industry”, and promote the”big change” of the agricultural industry with the”small cut” of the litchi industry, and realize the integration of agriculture and benefit farmers Increasing income has laid a solid foundation for Guangdong to promote the revitalization of rural industries, and strive to promote Guangdong to be at the forefront of the country in implementing the rural revitalization strategy.
  Second, action goals
   By 2023, the litchi planting area in the province will be stable at more than 4 million mu, the key indicators of the litchi industry have increased significantly, the total output of litchi and the rate of high-quality varieties increased by 50%, the total output value of the entire industry chain, the number of leading enterprises, and fresh fruit processing Processing capacity, the number of export base certifications, the total amount of fresh fruit exports, e-commerce sales, and the number of famous brand products have all increased by more than 100%. Industrial development capabilities, market competitiveness, technological innovation capabilities and brand cultural influence have been significantly improved, forming the world’s largest The competitive advantage of litchi industry belt will build Guangdong into the world’s litchi industry center, R&D center, trading center, and cultural center. The development model and mechanism of the litchi industry have become a model for the development of the province’s characteristic and advantageous agricultural industry.
  3. Main measures
   (1) Adjust and optimize the litchi production structure. Reasonably optimize the structure of early, mid- and late-maturing varieties, and moderately develop early-maturing lychees in Leizhou Peninsula and late-maturing lychees from Xinxing, Deqing, Conghua, Zengcheng, Boluo and other producing areas. Focus on the promotion of high grafting in Zhanjiang, Maoming, Yangjiang, Guangzhou, Huizhou, Shanwei, Jieyang and other agricultural reclamation areas, transforming the area of ​​500,000 acres of orchards, and speeding up the development of low-efficiency varieties such as black leaf, Huaizhi, shoulder jade purse, white wax, etc. replace. Construction of litchi seed nurseries in Gaozhou, Dianbai, Huazhou, Xinyi, Yangdong, Yangxi, Lianjiang, Conghua, Boluo, Huiyang, Zijin, Huilai, Lufeng, Xinxing, Yunan and other production areas and agricultural reclamation areas Speed ​​up the demonstration and promotion of a number of fine new varieties such as Jinggang Hongnuo, Lingfengnuo, Xianjinfeng, Bingli, Beiyuan Green, Feicui, Wuheli (Hainan), Guanyin Green, Tangxia Red, Fengshan Red Lantern, etc. . The ratio of early, middle and late varieties of litchi in the province was adjusted to 2:6:2, the rate of high-quality varieties increased by more than 50%, and the production efficiency increased by more than 30%. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Zhongkai College of Agricultural Engineering, the Provincial General Administration of Land Reclamation, and the municipal and county governments of litchi-producing regions are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (2) Strengthen the construction of high-standard orchards. Renovate 1 million mu of low-efficiency gardens, focusing on promoting the upgrading of low-efficiency gardens in production areas such as Maoming, Guangzhou, Yangjiang, Huizhou, Zhanjiang, Shanwei, Jieyang, Dongguan, Yunfu and agricultural reclamation areas, and strengthen the foundation of orchard garden transformation, intelligent ecology, and mechanical processing. Supporting facilities construction. In Guangzhou, Huizhou, Maoming and Zhanjiang, we will build 10,000-mu green prevention and control demonstration areas and 1,000-mu modern ecological recycling orchard demonstration bases. Accelerate the construction of high-standard demonstration orchards, build 100 high-standard demonstration orchards with high-quality varieties, green prevention and control, intelligent water and fertilizer, mechanization of production, and digital management. Standard Orchard is the base to vigorously carry out technical training for the litchi industry. Among them, the main producing counties (cities, districts) with a litchi cultivation area of ​​more than 100,000 mu will each build 5 high-standard demonstration gardens of more than 500 mu, and each of the main producing counties (cities, districts) with a cultivation area of ​​50,000-100,000 mu will have a construction area. Two high-standard demonstration parks with an area of ​​more than 300 acres, and one high-standard demonstration park with an area of ​​more than 200 acres in the main producing counties (cities, districts) with a cultivation area of ​​more than 10,000 acres. Support litchi export enterprises to build 100 export certification demonstration bases in Zhanjiang, Maoming, Yangjiang, Guangzhou, Huizhou, Shanwei, Jieyang, Dongguan, Yunfu and other places and agricultural reclamation areas. Encourage and promote the interplanting of Chinese medicinal materials in lychee orchards, raising chickens and ducks under forests, raising bees and collecting nectar, etc., and develop three-dimensional planting to increase the income of fruit farmers. (Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Provincial Development and Reform Commission, Provincial Department of Science and Technology, Provincial Department of Commerce, Provincial Forestry Bureau, Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Provincial General Administration of Land Reclamation, General Administration of Customs, Guangdong Branch, South China Agricultural University, Zhongkai Agricultural Engineering College, Litchi Producing Area The city and county governments are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (3) Strengthen the construction of a major platform for the litchi industry. Support the main litchi producing areas in applying for the advantageous areas of Chinese characteristic agricultural products, modern agricultural industrial parks, strong litchi industrial towns, and litchi specialized villages (towns), highlighting the advantages of Guangzhou litchi areas with Chinese characteristic agricultural products, Maoming Litchi National Modern Agricultural Industrial Park, and Maoming City Construction of an industrial park in the litchi production area. Support supply and marketing cooperatives at all levels in docking and serving the Litchi Industrial Park. Create a provincial-level modern agricultural industrial park oriented towards the export of litchi, and support the establishment of litchi processing industrial parks in Jieyang, Shanwei, Yangxi, Lianjiang, Gaozhou, Dianbai and other places. A batch of litchi specialized towns (villages) were newly created in the province. Establish a monitoring and early warning platform for the litchi industry to monitor the entire industrial chain of litchi in the province, and timely release early warning information in areas such as production, processing, consumption, and circulation. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology, the Provincial Department of Finance, the Provincial Department of Natural Resources, the Provincial Supply and Marketing Cooperatives, and the litchi-producing district, city and county governments are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (4) Cultivate and expand leading enterprises in the litchi industry. Through joint ventures, mergers and reorganizations, shareholding reforms, etc., the scale and strength of leading litchi enterprises have been expanded, and more than 3 provincial leading enterprises in the litchi industry will be cultivated in major production areas such as Maoming, Guangzhou, Huizhou, and Yangjiang, and become one with an output value of over 100 million. Well-known domestic enterprises support leading enterprises in the litchi industry to grow bigger and stronger. Newly cultivated and recognized a number of leading agricultural enterprises in litchi plantation, processing, circulation, and social services, and promoted a substantial increase in the overall strength of the litchi industry in Guangdong. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, and the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (5) Strengthen the selection and breeding of fine litchi varieties and the research and development of cultivation techniques. Strengthen the selection and breeding of varieties with special early maturity, medium maturity and special quality, late or extra late maturity, high quality, storage and transportation, strong stress resistance, specific traits and special processing varieties. Carry out research on cultivation techniques for large and small lychee yields, precise nutrient control techniques and facility cultivation techniques, improve production efficiency and industrial intensiveness, lay out the construction of regional distribution centers for agricultural materials, farmer production service centers, lychee technical service centers or crop hospitals, and provide formulas One-stop service such as fertilization and agricultural technology promotion. Carry out research on green pest control technologies and green inputs based on agricultural control and dominated by pesticide reduction technologies such as physical control and biological control, increase efforts to develop biological pesticides, strengthen the integration and demonstration of integrated control technologies, and accelerate progress Registration of pesticides for the prevention and control of litchi pests and diseases. Promote the construction of the national litchi germplasm resource nursery in Maoming and Guangzhou, and carry out the fingerprinting of litchi varieties and the identification of variety flavor substances. The province has newly built 10 provincial-level litchi germplasm resources native place protection nurseries, cultivated 10 extra-early high-quality, extra-late high-quality litchi new varieties, and reviewed (evaluated) or applied for variety protection for 3-5. (The Provincial Department of Science and Technology, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Supply and Marketing Cooperative, the Provincial General Administration of Land Reclamation, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Zhongkai College of Agricultural Engineering, and the municipal and county governments of the litchi-producing regions are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
  (6) Promote the mechanization and digital upgrade of litchi orchards. Develop machinery and equipment for planting, harvesting, and transportation processes such as orchard irrigation, fertilization, plant protection spraying, weeding, fruit tree pruning, branching, picking, transportation, etc., and carry out big data-based monitoring and early warning of litchi growth, pests and diseases, and soil environment , Environmental control, intelligent logistics express and other Internet of Things facilities and equipment and software research and development. Carry out mechanized orchard, smart orchard supporting equipment and technology research and development and integrated application. (The Provincial Department of Science and Technology, the Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, and Zhongkai College of Agricultural Engineering are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (7) Promote the research and development of key technologies and equipment for lychee preservation and processing. Support the development and demonstration of field mobile vacuum pre-cooling facilities, new integrated technology for lychee preservation, green preservatives and related new technologies, integrate and promote supporting preservation technologies that adapt to different marketing models, and cultivate a number of high-value patents. Carry out research on lychee nutrition and health effects and key technologies and equipment for intensive processing, and support research on key technologies in the processing industry chain of high-quality lychee juice, puree and concentrated juice. Formulate standards and technical regulations for litchi processed products. (The Provincial Department of Science and Technology, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, and Zhongkai Agricultural Engineering College are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
  (8) Improve cold chain logistics facilities. Focusing on the market circulation demand of the litchi industry, support the provincial supply and marketing cooperatives to build a backbone network of public agricultural cold chain logistics infrastructure covering the main litchi producing areas and main sales areas of the province, from the field to the table, and support the provincial and municipal supply and marketing cooperatives to participate in litchi processing Cold chain industrial park project. Build trading and logistics centers in 9 major producing cities with a litchi cultivation area of ​​more than 100,000 mu, and build large-scale multifunctional cold storage in 18 major producing counties (cities, districts) with a cultivation area of ​​more than 50,000 mu; The 46 main producing counties (cities, districts) of the country have built a batch of field cold storage to enhance the pre-harvest and pre-harvest processing capabilities of sorting, cleaning, packaging, and pre-cooling. Select 100 villages and towns to deploy field storage cold chain logistics facilities with fast-moving, pre-cooling and fresh-keeping functions. By 2023, the province’s lychee backbone network cold storage capacity will reach more than 1 million tons, and the lychee cold chain circulation rate will increase to more than 70%. (The Provincial Supply and Marketing Cooperative, the Provincial Development and Reform Commission, the Provincial Department of Commerce, the Provincial Department of Natural Resources, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the Provincial General Administration of Land Reclamation, and the litchi-producing area, city and county governments are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (9) Upgrade litchi processing facilities. Implement the initial processing and expansion action in the main producing areas of lychee, encourage farmers’ cooperatives and family farms to purchase small-scale lychee drying processing equipment to produce lantern meat, dried lychee and other intermediate products, and supply terminal processing enterprises as intensive processing raw materials for making lychee bread, New products such as lychee fruit, lychee chocolate, and lychee ice cream. Support small litchi processing enterprises in the development of primary processing projects in producing areas such as fruit peeling, fruit pitting, fresh fruit to jelly, fruit to juice, fruit to pulp, and fruit to dry. Deploy a number of lychee deep processing projects, improve the processing technology and quality of traditional products such as lychee juice, lychee wine, and lychee vinegar, increase the deep processing of by-product functional components such as lychee peel and lychee core, and develop the activities of polyphenols and polysaccharides in whole litchi fruits Ingredient research, development of lychee health food, special diet and medical food, skin care products, daily chemical products and other high value-added products. In Maoming, Guangzhou, Yangjiang, Huizhou, Zhanjiang, Jieyang, Shanwei, Dongguan, Yunfu and other major litchi producing areas and agricultural reclamation areas, relying on large litchi processing enterprises to build litchi deep processing production lines to promote the development of litchi deep processing industry. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Zhongkai Agricultural Engineering College, and the municipal and county governments of litchi-producing regions are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (10) Improve the litchi product and production standard system. For litchi sensory, nutrition, flavor and characteristic indicators, carry out quality evaluation and identification, establish a comprehensive evaluation system for litchi quality, and a basic database of litchi quality in the province. Focusing on the key areas of the litchi industry, establish litchi variety breeding, safety production, pest prevention and control, environmental assessment of the production area, rational use of agricultural inputs, residue limits and testing of toxic and hazardous substances, product grading packaging, storage, transportation, preservation, and circulation Traceability and other full-chain high-quality standard system for litchi industry. Supporting research and development of key control technologies for quality improvement, and integrated promotion of production management technology models adapted to different regions. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, the Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, and Zhongkai Agricultural Engineering College are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (11) Constructing the litchi marketing network. Carry out litchi traceability service capacity building, gradually establish a complete quality and safety file record management system in all links of litchi fruit production, processing, packaging, transportation, storage and market sales, and accelerate the formation of an integrated litchi fruit quality safety in production and sales areas The traceability information network realizes the full quality traceability. Continue to promote litchi marketing actions, strengthen online and offline marketing promotion, hold litchi picking festival, litchi cultural festival, online litchi festival and other activities, play the role of the eastern and western poverty alleviation cooperative supply and marketing alliance, and actively develop high-end consumer markets, network cloud platforms, etc. A variety of sales channels will create a direct supply and distribution network of Guangdong supply and marketing assured agricultural products with”provincial operation platform + regional distribution center + direct supply base”. Efforts will be made to promote the construction of a sales area market system and exchange and cooperation platform, accelerate the layout and construction of sales outlets in Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Chongqing, Hong Kong and Macau and other major litchi sales areas, and encourage large retail chain enterprises to build a batch of cold storage, cold chain transportation and distribution as one The”Guangdong Lychee” brand specialty store has cultivated a team of outstanding lychee fruit brokers. Continue to deepen the construction of the litchi buyer alliance and organize service work, focus on promoting the export of Guangdong litchi, and expand the market in North America and countries along the”Belt and Road”. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Department of Commerce, the Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism, the Provincial Supply and Marketing Cooperatives, and the Guangdong Branch of the General Administration of Customs are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (12) Cultivate and strengthen the lychee brand. Create a regional public brand of”Guangdong Litchi”, and focus on cultivating and expanding a batch of regional public brands and corporate product brands with high visibility, reputation and strong market competitiveness. Establish a public operating platform for”Guangdong Litchi”, carry out brand services and supervision, and uniformly promote regional public brands, corporate product brands and production bases. Establish and improve the regional public brand catalog management system of litchi, and collect a group of regional public brands with high market popularity, outstanding industrial scale, stable quality, perfect warehousing and logistics, and profound cultural heritage in the province. Increase the promotion of a number of high-quality varieties with local characteristics such as Jinggang Hongnuo, Lingfengnuo, Xianjinfeng, Bingli, Feicui, Yujinqiu, Red Lantern, Guanyin Green and other high-quality varieties. Vigorously promote the use of”Zengcheng Lychee”,”Huilai Lychee”,”Gaozhou Lychee”,”Boluo Lychee”,”Yunan Lychee” and”Xinxing Lychee” and other 6 national geographical indication protection product special signs, focusing on the cultivation and expansion of 15 county regional public brands , 50 well-known product brands, build 100″new three products” core enterprise production base. (The Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Department of Commerce, and the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
   (13) Support the development of litchi cultural tourism industry. In Guangzhou, Huizhou, Shanwei, Dongguan, Maoming, Yunfu and other cities, plans to launch a batch of litchi cultural tourism routes to carry out unified publicity and promotion. In-depth exploration of the historical and cultural symbolic significance and humanistic value of litchi, design a group of cultural tourism brands with litchi as the theme, and build litchi into a representative symbol of cultural tourism in Guangdong through digital cultural industry models such as animation, games, digital music, and live e-commerce one. Support the construction of a number of litchi characteristic towns with leisure tourism, farming experience, cultural promotion, and beautiful and livable characteristics. Strengthen the protection of ancient litchi trees and special and rare germplasm resources, and build in the litchi production areas and agricultural reclamation areas such as Conghua, Zengcheng, Dongguan, Boluo, Yangxi, Xinxing, Huilai, Dianbai, Huazhou and other areas to drive cultural tourism through production Litchi Park, Litchi Museum, etc., where development and industry are fully integrated. Create and promote high-quality tourist routes with the theme of litchi. (The Provincial Department of Culture and Tourism, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Provincial Development and Reform Commission, the Provincial Forestry Bureau, the Provincial General Administration of Land Reclamation, and the municipal and county governments of litchi producing areas are responsible according to the division of responsibilities)
  4. Safeguard measures
   (1) High push. Establish a coordination mechanism for the high-quality development of the provincial litchi industry led by the provincial leadership, and coordinate the implementation of the”Three-year Action Plan for the High-quality Development of Guangdong Litchi Industry (2021-2023)”. All relevant departments should coordinate and coordinate, implement work responsibilities according to the division of functions, and form a joint force. The cities and counties in the main litchi-producing areas shall establish a work coordination mechanism accordingly, and clarify that the responsible comrades will take the lead.
  (2) Policy support. The provincial financial overall funds mainly support litchi industry projects and promote the high-quality development of litchi industry. Implement the opinions on the implementation of the high-quality development of agricultural insurance in our province, promote the further expansion of the coverage of litchi insurance, and establish a sound risk protection mechanism. Encourage financial institutions to actively support the development of the litchi industry, give play to the role of the provincial agricultural supply-side structural reform fund, provide financial support to leading enterprises in the litchi industry, farmer cooperatives and family farms, and increase the implementation of effective loan guarantee measures.
   (3) Supervision and assessment. Incorporate the high-quality development of the litchi industry into the assessment of the actual performance of the main litchi producing areas, cities and counties to promote the strategy of rural revitalization, and conduct assessments in accordance with the principle of grading responsibility. Strengthen the application of the assessment results, link the assessment results with the annual appraisal and the next year’s financial arrangements for agricultural support projects. Timely sum up the good experience and good practices of various regions, and strengthen the guidance and advancement.
   (4) Publicity and promotion. To enhance the brand awareness and influence of”Guangdong Litchi”, relying on major media and network platforms, adopt a mode of combining online and offline to strengthen the promotion of the litchi industry. The municipal and county governments in the litchi-producing areas shall dig, organize and spread litchi culture in depth, develop and promote litchi cultural tourism models, and strengthen litchi cultural publicity and exchanges.
  Annex:1. Three-year action plan for the high-quality development of the litchi industry in Guangdong, main indicators
  2. List of key tasks of the three-year action plan for the high-quality development of the litchi industry in Guangdong